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Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: GIS for Citizen Engagement - Citizen Participation in Redistricting using Online GIS
 

Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: GIS for Citizen Engagement - Citizen Participation in Redistricting using Online GIS

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    Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: GIS for Citizen Engagement - Citizen Participation in Redistricting using Online GIS Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: GIS for Citizen Engagement - Citizen Participation in Redistricting using Online GIS Presentation Transcript

    • Citizen Participation in Redistricting Using Online GIS Royce Jones Esri rjones@esri.com @rajhawaii 7 March 2012 Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference
    • Voting, Reapportionment and Redistricting in Hawaii: How GIS Saved the Day Hawaii GIS Day 17 November 2010 Royce Jones rjones@esri.com rajhawaii
    • Hawaii Redistricting 2001 – GIS Saves the Day! Nov 29, 2001 Locally, a computerized interactive mapping system made drawing new boundaries much quicker and easier than a decade ago, when slower computers made it difficult to make any changes once proposed district maps were printed. David Rosenbrock, reapportionment project manager, said this new system gave the commission more time to consider its decisions -- which it did. …”I think this commission -- because of the technology -- has had the opportunity to make a decision, reconsider that decision based on public testimony, and go back," he said.
    • Hawaii Redistricting 2011/12 – GIS Saves the Day!
    • Hawaii Redistricting 2011/12 – GIS Saves the Day!
    • Hawaii Redistricting 2011/12 – GIS Saves the Day!
    • Hawaii Redistricting 2011/12 – GIS Saves the Day!
    • Hawaii Redistricting 2011/12 – GIS Saves the Day!
    • Hawaii Redistricting 2011/12 – GIS Saves the Day!
    • Hawaii Redistricting 2011/12 – GIS Saves the Day!
    • Hawaii Redistricting 2011/12 – GIS Saves the Day!
    • Hawaii Redistricting 2011/12 – GIS Saves the Day!
    • Reapportionment and Redistricting 101 • Background – Three C’s • Reapportionment and Redistricting Guidelines • Federal House of Representatives • State Senate and House
    • U.S. Constitution • Article 1, Section 2, Clause 3 - Representatives “shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons”. • 14th Amendment, Section 2 - Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. • 1940 Attorney General Opinion - In 1940, it was determined that there were no longer any American Indians who should be classed as "not taxed ".
    • U.S. Census
    • U.S. Census
    • U.S. Census 1790 U.S. Census White males 16+ 20% White males <16 20% White females 40% All other 2% Slaves 18%
    • U.S. Census 1790 U.S. Census White males 16+ 20% White males <16 20% White females 40% All other 2% Slaves 18% Q: Who could vote?
    • U.S. Census 1790 U.S. Census White males 16+ 20% White males <16 20% White females 40% All other 2% Slaves 18% Q: Who could vote? A: White male property owners
    • U.S. Census Census Blocks total resident counts In Hawaii, 80% of block boundaries are streets
    • U.S. Census Census Blocks Follow natural and man-made features In Hawaii, 80% of block boundaries are streets
    • U.S. Census Census Blocks total resident counts (PL 94-171) 119 persons
    • U.S. Census Census Blocks Can contain other census blocks
    • U.S. Census• First U.S. Census in 1790 - Population: 3,929,214 - Largest city: New York City 33,131 0.8%• U.S. Census in 1900 - Population: 76,212,168 - Largest city: New York City 3,437,202 4.5%• U.S. Census in 2010 - Population: 308,745,538 - Largest city: New York City 8,175,133 2.6% #2 Los Angeles 3,792,621 1.2%
    • Background – U.S. Census
    • Redistricting http://rosereport.org/stateleg/
    • Redistricting One Representative – 7 states
    • Redistricting State Legislature – 35 states
    • Redistricting Independent Leg Approve – 2 states
    • Redistricting Independent / Bipartisan – 6 states
    • Redistricting Bipartisan Reapportionment Commission
    • Redistricting Bipartisan Reapportionment Commission• Nine members - 2 appointed by the President of the Senate - Shan Tsutsui Lorrie Lee Stone, Anthony Takitani - 2 appointed by the Speaker of the House - Calvin Say Clarice Hashimoto, Harold Masumoto - 2 appointed by the Senate Minority Leader - Sam Slom Calvert Chipchase, Elizabeth Moore - 2 appointed by the House Minority Leader - Gene Ward Dylan Nonaka, Terry Thomason - Ninth member, the Chair, selected by the Hawaii Supreme Court - Victoria Marks
    • Redistricting Bipartisan Reapportionment Commission Bipartisan Advisory Councils Hawaii Maui• Nine members Oahu Kauai - 2 appointed by the President of the Senate - Shan Tsutsui Lorrie Lee Stone, Anthony Takitani - Richard Ha Christopher Chang Nathaniel Kinney Kaaina Hull - 2 appointed by the Speaker of the House - Calvin Say Clarice Hashimoto, Harold Masumoto - James Arakaki Mark Andrews Glenn Ida Randall Nishimura - 2 appointed by the Senate Minority Leader - Sam Slom Calvert Chipchase, Elizabeth Moore - Barry Lamb Fred Rohlfing Michael Palcic Joanne Georgi - 2 appointed by the House Minority Leader - Gene Ward Dylan Nonaka, Terry Thomason - David Ross Madge Schaefer Linda Smith Laurie Yoshida - Ninth member, the Chair, selected by the Hawaii Supreme Court - Victoria Marks
    • Redistricting State Congress Hawaii Senate House Maui Senate House Kauai Senate House Honolulu Senate House
    • Redistricting Guidelines - geometrically • Compact - geographically - no disconnects • Contiguous - no “one point” connections • No submergence - preserve socio-economic communities “where practicable” • Population Deviations from Target - Congress 1% - Senate 10% - House 10% http://hawaii.gov/elections/reapportionment
    • Population Shift Ten Year Population Growth by Basic Island Unit (U.S. Census PL 94-171 data) State 1,360,301 12% +148,764 Oahu 953,207 9% +77,051 Hawaii 185,079 24% +36,402 Maui 154,924 21% +26,683 1) population base Kauai 67,091 15% +8,628 2) apportion representatives (reapportionment) 3) draw district boundaries (redistricting)
    • Population Shift
    • Population Shift
    • Population Shift
    • Population Shift
    • Population Shift
    • Population Shift
    • Reapportionment Among Basic Island Units Ten Year Population Growth by Basic Island Unit (U.S. Census PL 94-171 data) State 1,360,301 12% +148,764 Oahu 953,207 9% +77,051 (52%) Hawaii 185,079 24% +36,402 (24%) Maui 154,924 21% +26,683 (18%) 1) population base Kauai 67,091 15% +8,628 (6%) 2) apportion representatives (reapportionment) Kauai 3) draw district boundaries (redistricting) 6% Maui 18% Oahu 52% Hawaii 24%
    • Reapportionment Within Basic Island Units
    • District Targets – Ideal Population Balance 1) population base 2) apportion representatives (reapportionment) 3) draw district boundaries (redistricting)
    • District Targets – Ideal Population Balance 1) population base 2) apportion representatives (reapportionment) 3) draw district boundaries (redistricting)
    • District Targets – Ideal Population Balance 1) population base 2) apportion representatives (reapportionment) 3) draw district boundaries (redistricting)
    • Open Edit Review Share SubmitHawaii Redistricting Online https://redistricting.hawaii.gov/
    • Hawaii Redistricting Online Open Edit Review Share Submit• Hawaii Redistricting Online - Create and share plans - Username/password - Requires Flash plug-in - Online help documents - Now available https://redistricting.hawaii.gov/
    • Hawaii Redistricting Online Open Edit Review Share Submit Existing Your Your Your Your Districts Plan Plan Plan Plan Assign blocks Check compactness Export text Submit Check deviations Check integrity Export KML Change basemap Create reports Export shapefile
    • Hawaii Redistricting Online https://redistricting.hawaii.gov/
    • Hawaii Redistricting Online - Edit Data Design Edit Collaborate Review Publish Existing New Census Congress Congress Existing Senate Existing House Custom
    • Hawaii Redistricting Online - Edit Data Design Edit Collaborate Review Publish Existing New Census Congress Congress Existing Senate Existing House Custom
    • Hawaii Redistricting Online - Edit Data Design Edit Collaborate Review Publish Existing New Census Congress Congress Existing Senate Existing House Custom
    • Hawaii Redistricting Online - Edit Data Design Edit Collaborate Review Publish Existing New Census Congress Congress Existing Senate Existing House Custom
    • Hawaii Redistricting Online - Edit Data Design Edit Collaborate Review Publish Existing New Census Congress Congress Existing Senate Existing House Custom
    • Hawaii Redistricting Online - Edit Data Design Edit Collaborate Review Publish Existing New Census Congress Congress Existing Senate Existing House Custom
    • Hawaii Redistricting Online - Edit Data Design Edit Collaborate Review Publish Existing New Census Congress Congress Existing Senate Existing House Custom
    • Plans Submitted by the Public 225 accounts created 16 public plans submitted through August 9th Congress 1 plan Honolulu Senate 2 plans Honolulu House 3 plans Hawaii Senate 7 plans Hawaii House 2 plans Kauai House 1 plan
    • Existing (2001-2010) Senate Honolulu
    • Proposed Senate Honolulu
    • Existing (2001-2010) House Hawaii
    • Proposed House Hawaii
    • Proposed Plans – Reapportionment Websitehttp://hawaii.gov/elections/reapportionment
    • Proposed Plans – Static PDFshttp://hawaii.gov/elections/reapportionment
    • Proposed Plans – Static PDFs
    • Proposed Plans – Static PDFs
    • Proposed Plans – Static PDFs
    • Proposed Plans – Static PDFs
    • Proposed Plans – Static PDFs
    • Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewinghttp://hawaii.gov/elections/reapportionment
    • Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewing
    • Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewing
    • Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewing
    • Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewing
    • Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewing
    • Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewing
    • Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewing
    • Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewing
    • Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewing
    • Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewing
    • Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewing
    • Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewing
    • Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewing
    • Commission Schedule – Public HearingsAug 30 West Oahu 6:00 pm Kapolei High School CafeteriaAug 31 Central Maui 5:30 pm Maui Waena Intermediate School CafeteriaSep 1 West Maui 5:30 pm Lahaina Civic CenterSep 2 Kauai 5:30 pm Kauai Council ChamberSep 6 Windward Oahu 6:00 pm Aikahi Elementary School CafeteriaSep 7 Honolulu 6:00 pm State Capitol AuditoriumSep 8 Central Oahu 6:00 pm Mililani High School CafeteriaSep 9 Lanai 5:00 pm Lanai High SchoolSep 12 Molokai 5:00 pm Kaunakakai School CafeteriaSep 13 East Hawaii 5:00 pm Hilo Council ChamberSep 14 West Hawaii 5:00 pm Kona Council ChamberSep 15 Leeward Oahu 6:00 pm Waipahu High School CafeteriaSep 16 East Oahu 6:00 pm Kalani High School Cafeteria
    • Open Edit Review Share SubmitSubmitting Plan Adjustments https://redistricting.hawaii.gov/
    • Open Edit Review Share SubmitSubmitting Plan Adjustments https://redistricting.hawaii.gov/
    • Open Edit Review Share SubmitSubmitting Plan Adjustments https://redistricting.hawaii.gov/
    • Open Edit Review Share SubmitSubmitting Plan Adjustments https://redistricting.hawaii.gov/
    • Open Edit Review Share SubmitSubmitting Plan Adjustments https://redistricting.hawaii.gov/
    • Open Edit Review Share SubmitSubmitting Plan Adjustments https://redistricting.hawaii.gov/
    • Changes from Feb 15 Proposed MapsNewtown
    • Changes from Feb 15 Proposed MapsOcean Pointe / Hoakalei
    • Changes from Feb 15 Proposed MapsMakakilo / Haleiwa / Waialua
    • Changes from Feb 15 Proposed MapsMaunawili
    • Open Edit Review Share SubmitCitizen Engagement 309 accounts created 26 public plans submitted by September 15th Congress 1 plan Honolulu Senate 3 plans Honolulu House 8 plans Hawaii Senate 8 plans (3 plans received assume 4 Senate districts) Hawaii House 5 plans Kauai House 1 plan
    • Open Edit Review Share Submit Citizen Engagement586 accounts created as of March 6th845 plans created as of March 6th
    • Citizen Engagement
    • Citizen Engagement“Power to the people…” - John Lennon
    • Citizen Engagement“Maps can speak, louder than words…” - Geo Marley
    • Citizen Engagement“Don’t just use your voice, use your hands…” - Jen Pahlka
    • Citizen Engagement“Don’t just use your voice, use your hands… … and make a map” - Map Buddha
    • Citizen Participation in Redistricting Using Online GIS Royce Jones Esri rjones@esri.com @rajhawaii 7 March 2012 Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference