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Citizen Participation in Redistricting          Using Online GIS                   Royce Jones                       Esri ...
Voting, Reapportionment and   Redistricting in Hawaii:  How GIS Saved the Day       Hawaii GIS Day      17 November 2010  ...
Hawaii Redistricting 2001 – GIS Saves the Day!  Nov 29, 2001  Locally, a computerized interactive mapping system made draw...
Hawaii Redistricting 2011/12 – GIS Saves the Day!
Hawaii Redistricting 2011/12 – GIS Saves the Day!
Hawaii Redistricting 2011/12 – GIS Saves the Day!
Hawaii Redistricting 2011/12 – GIS Saves the Day!
Hawaii Redistricting 2011/12 – GIS Saves the Day!
Hawaii Redistricting 2011/12 – GIS Saves the Day!
Hawaii Redistricting 2011/12 – GIS Saves the Day!
Hawaii Redistricting 2011/12 – GIS Saves the Day!
Hawaii Redistricting 2011/12 – GIS Saves the Day!
Reapportionment and Redistricting 101 •   Background – Three C’s •   Reapportionment and Redistricting Guidelines •   Fede...
U.S. Constitution  •   Article 1, Section 2, Clause 3       -   Representatives “shall be apportioned among the several St...
U.S. Census
U.S. Census
U.S. Census              1790 U.S. Census              White males 16+    20%              White males <16    20%         ...
U.S. Census              1790 U.S. Census              White males 16+      20%              White males <16      20%     ...
U.S. Census              1790 U.S. Census              White males 16+      20%              White males <16      20%     ...
U.S. Census  Census Blocks     total resident counts     In Hawaii,      80% of block boundaries    are streets
U.S. Census  Census Blocks     Follow natural and man-made features     In Hawaii,      80% of block boundaries    are str...
U.S. Census  Census Blocks   total resident counts (PL 94-171)                                       119 persons
U.S. Census  Census Blocks   Can contain other census blocks
U.S. Census•   First U.S. Census in 1790     -   Population:                        3,929,214     -   Largest city:    New...
Background – U.S. Census
Redistricting   http://rosereport.org/stateleg/
Redistricting   One Representative – 7 states
Redistricting   State Legislature – 35 states
Redistricting   Independent Leg Approve – 2 states
Redistricting   Independent / Bipartisan – 6 states
Redistricting   Bipartisan Reapportionment Commission
Redistricting                        Bipartisan Reapportionment Commission•   Nine members     -   2 appointed by the Pres...
Redistricting                          Bipartisan Reapportionment Commission                                           Bip...
Redistricting  State         Congress  Hawaii          Senate   House  Maui            Senate   House  Kauai           Sen...
Redistricting Guidelines                               - geometrically •   Compact                   - geographically     ...
Population Shift   Ten Year Population Growth by Basic Island Unit   (U.S. Census PL 94-171 data)   State       1,360,301 ...
Population Shift
Population Shift
Population Shift
Population Shift
Population Shift
Population Shift
Reapportionment Among Basic Island Units   Ten Year Population Growth by Basic Island Unit   (U.S. Census PL 94-171 data) ...
Reapportionment Within Basic Island Units
District Targets – Ideal Population Balance                                              1) population base               ...
District Targets – Ideal Population Balance                                              1) population base               ...
District Targets – Ideal Population Balance                                              1) population base               ...
Open   Edit   Review   Share   SubmitHawaii Redistricting Online                        https://redistricting.hawaii.gov/
Hawaii Redistricting Online         Open            Edit     Review        Share       Submit•   Hawaii Redistricting Onli...
Hawaii Redistricting Online  Open             Edit              Review            Share           Submit Existing         ...
Hawaii Redistricting Online                        https://redistricting.hawaii.gov/
Hawaii Redistricting Online - Edit Data      Design      Edit     Collaborate   Review   Publish          Existing     New...
Hawaii Redistricting Online - Edit Data      Design      Edit     Collaborate   Review   Publish          Existing     New...
Hawaii Redistricting Online - Edit Data      Design      Edit     Collaborate   Review   Publish          Existing     New...
Hawaii Redistricting Online - Edit Data      Design      Edit     Collaborate   Review   Publish          Existing     New...
Hawaii Redistricting Online - Edit Data      Design      Edit     Collaborate   Review   Publish          Existing     New...
Hawaii Redistricting Online - Edit Data      Design      Edit     Collaborate   Review   Publish          Existing     New...
Hawaii Redistricting Online - Edit Data      Design      Edit     Collaborate   Review   Publish          Existing     New...
Plans Submitted by the Public      225 accounts created      16 public plans submitted through August 9th      Congress   ...
Existing (2001-2010) Senate Honolulu
Proposed Senate Honolulu
Existing (2001-2010) House Hawaii
Proposed House Hawaii
Proposed Plans – Reapportionment Websitehttp://hawaii.gov/elections/reapportionment
Proposed Plans – Static PDFshttp://hawaii.gov/elections/reapportionment
Proposed Plans – Static PDFs
Proposed Plans – Static PDFs
Proposed Plans – Static PDFs
Proposed Plans – Static PDFs
Proposed Plans – Static PDFs
Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewinghttp://hawaii.gov/elections/reapportionment
Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewing
Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewing
Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewing
Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewing
Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewing
Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewing
Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewing
Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewing
Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewing
Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewing
Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewing
Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewing
Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewing
Commission Schedule – Public HearingsAug   30   West Oahu       6:00 pm   Kapolei High School CafeteriaAug   31   Central ...
Open   Edit   Review   Share   SubmitSubmitting Plan Adjustments                      https://redistricting.hawaii.gov/
Open   Edit   Review   Share   SubmitSubmitting Plan Adjustments                      https://redistricting.hawaii.gov/
Open   Edit   Review   Share   SubmitSubmitting Plan Adjustments                      https://redistricting.hawaii.gov/
Open   Edit   Review   Share   SubmitSubmitting Plan Adjustments                      https://redistricting.hawaii.gov/
Open   Edit   Review   Share   SubmitSubmitting Plan Adjustments                      https://redistricting.hawaii.gov/
Open   Edit   Review   Share   SubmitSubmitting Plan Adjustments                      https://redistricting.hawaii.gov/
Changes from Feb 15 Proposed MapsNewtown
Changes from Feb 15 Proposed MapsOcean Pointe / Hoakalei
Changes from Feb 15 Proposed MapsMakakilo / Haleiwa / Waialua
Changes from Feb 15 Proposed MapsMaunawili
Open    Edit   Review   Share   SubmitCitizen Engagement     309 accounts created     26 public plans submitted by Septemb...
Open   Edit   Review   Share   Submit  Citizen Engagement586 accounts created as of March 6th845 plans created as of March...
Citizen Engagement
Citizen Engagement“Power to the people…”                         - John Lennon
Citizen Engagement“Maps can speak, louder than words…”                       - Geo Marley
Citizen Engagement“Don’t just use your voice, use your hands…”                              - Jen Pahlka
Citizen Engagement“Don’t just use your voice, use your hands… … and make a map”                              - Map Buddha
Citizen Participation in Redistricting          Using Online GIS                   Royce Jones                       Esri ...
Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: GIS for Citizen Engagement - Citizen Participation in Redistricting using Online GIS
Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: GIS for Citizen Engagement - Citizen Participation in Redistricting using Online GIS
Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: GIS for Citizen Engagement - Citizen Participation in Redistricting using Online GIS
Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: GIS for Citizen Engagement - Citizen Participation in Redistricting using Online GIS
Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: GIS for Citizen Engagement - Citizen Participation in Redistricting using Online GIS
Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: GIS for Citizen Engagement - Citizen Participation in Redistricting using Online GIS
Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: GIS for Citizen Engagement - Citizen Participation in Redistricting using Online GIS
Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: GIS for Citizen Engagement - Citizen Participation in Redistricting using Online GIS
Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: GIS for Citizen Engagement - Citizen Participation in Redistricting using Online GIS
Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: GIS for Citizen Engagement - Citizen Participation in Redistricting using Online GIS
Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: GIS for Citizen Engagement - Citizen Participation in Redistricting using Online GIS
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Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: GIS for Citizen Engagement - Citizen Participation in Redistricting using Online GIS

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Transcript of "Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: GIS for Citizen Engagement - Citizen Participation in Redistricting using Online GIS"

  1. 1. Citizen Participation in Redistricting Using Online GIS Royce Jones Esri rjones@esri.com @rajhawaii 7 March 2012 Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference
  2. 2. Voting, Reapportionment and Redistricting in Hawaii: How GIS Saved the Day Hawaii GIS Day 17 November 2010 Royce Jones rjones@esri.com rajhawaii
  3. 3. Hawaii Redistricting 2001 – GIS Saves the Day! Nov 29, 2001 Locally, a computerized interactive mapping system made drawing new boundaries much quicker and easier than a decade ago, when slower computers made it difficult to make any changes once proposed district maps were printed. David Rosenbrock, reapportionment project manager, said this new system gave the commission more time to consider its decisions -- which it did. …”I think this commission -- because of the technology -- has had the opportunity to make a decision, reconsider that decision based on public testimony, and go back," he said.
  4. 4. Hawaii Redistricting 2011/12 – GIS Saves the Day!
  5. 5. Hawaii Redistricting 2011/12 – GIS Saves the Day!
  6. 6. Hawaii Redistricting 2011/12 – GIS Saves the Day!
  7. 7. Hawaii Redistricting 2011/12 – GIS Saves the Day!
  8. 8. Hawaii Redistricting 2011/12 – GIS Saves the Day!
  9. 9. Hawaii Redistricting 2011/12 – GIS Saves the Day!
  10. 10. Hawaii Redistricting 2011/12 – GIS Saves the Day!
  11. 11. Hawaii Redistricting 2011/12 – GIS Saves the Day!
  12. 12. Hawaii Redistricting 2011/12 – GIS Saves the Day!
  13. 13. Reapportionment and Redistricting 101 • Background – Three C’s • Reapportionment and Redistricting Guidelines • Federal House of Representatives • State Senate and House
  14. 14. U.S. Constitution • Article 1, Section 2, Clause 3 - Representatives “shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons”. • 14th Amendment, Section 2 - Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. • 1940 Attorney General Opinion - In 1940, it was determined that there were no longer any American Indians who should be classed as "not taxed ".
  15. 15. U.S. Census
  16. 16. U.S. Census
  17. 17. U.S. Census 1790 U.S. Census White males 16+ 20% White males <16 20% White females 40% All other 2% Slaves 18%
  18. 18. U.S. Census 1790 U.S. Census White males 16+ 20% White males <16 20% White females 40% All other 2% Slaves 18% Q: Who could vote?
  19. 19. U.S. Census 1790 U.S. Census White males 16+ 20% White males <16 20% White females 40% All other 2% Slaves 18% Q: Who could vote? A: White male property owners
  20. 20. U.S. Census Census Blocks total resident counts In Hawaii, 80% of block boundaries are streets
  21. 21. U.S. Census Census Blocks Follow natural and man-made features In Hawaii, 80% of block boundaries are streets
  22. 22. U.S. Census Census Blocks total resident counts (PL 94-171) 119 persons
  23. 23. U.S. Census Census Blocks Can contain other census blocks
  24. 24. U.S. Census• First U.S. Census in 1790 - Population: 3,929,214 - Largest city: New York City 33,131 0.8%• U.S. Census in 1900 - Population: 76,212,168 - Largest city: New York City 3,437,202 4.5%• U.S. Census in 2010 - Population: 308,745,538 - Largest city: New York City 8,175,133 2.6% #2 Los Angeles 3,792,621 1.2%
  25. 25. Background – U.S. Census
  26. 26. Redistricting http://rosereport.org/stateleg/
  27. 27. Redistricting One Representative – 7 states
  28. 28. Redistricting State Legislature – 35 states
  29. 29. Redistricting Independent Leg Approve – 2 states
  30. 30. Redistricting Independent / Bipartisan – 6 states
  31. 31. Redistricting Bipartisan Reapportionment Commission
  32. 32. Redistricting Bipartisan Reapportionment Commission• Nine members - 2 appointed by the President of the Senate - Shan Tsutsui Lorrie Lee Stone, Anthony Takitani - 2 appointed by the Speaker of the House - Calvin Say Clarice Hashimoto, Harold Masumoto - 2 appointed by the Senate Minority Leader - Sam Slom Calvert Chipchase, Elizabeth Moore - 2 appointed by the House Minority Leader - Gene Ward Dylan Nonaka, Terry Thomason - Ninth member, the Chair, selected by the Hawaii Supreme Court - Victoria Marks
  33. 33. Redistricting Bipartisan Reapportionment Commission Bipartisan Advisory Councils Hawaii Maui• Nine members Oahu Kauai - 2 appointed by the President of the Senate - Shan Tsutsui Lorrie Lee Stone, Anthony Takitani - Richard Ha Christopher Chang Nathaniel Kinney Kaaina Hull - 2 appointed by the Speaker of the House - Calvin Say Clarice Hashimoto, Harold Masumoto - James Arakaki Mark Andrews Glenn Ida Randall Nishimura - 2 appointed by the Senate Minority Leader - Sam Slom Calvert Chipchase, Elizabeth Moore - Barry Lamb Fred Rohlfing Michael Palcic Joanne Georgi - 2 appointed by the House Minority Leader - Gene Ward Dylan Nonaka, Terry Thomason - David Ross Madge Schaefer Linda Smith Laurie Yoshida - Ninth member, the Chair, selected by the Hawaii Supreme Court - Victoria Marks
  34. 34. Redistricting State Congress Hawaii Senate House Maui Senate House Kauai Senate House Honolulu Senate House
  35. 35. Redistricting Guidelines - geometrically • Compact - geographically - no disconnects • Contiguous - no “one point” connections • No submergence - preserve socio-economic communities “where practicable” • Population Deviations from Target - Congress 1% - Senate 10% - House 10% http://hawaii.gov/elections/reapportionment
  36. 36. Population Shift Ten Year Population Growth by Basic Island Unit (U.S. Census PL 94-171 data) State 1,360,301 12% +148,764 Oahu 953,207 9% +77,051 Hawaii 185,079 24% +36,402 Maui 154,924 21% +26,683 1) population base Kauai 67,091 15% +8,628 2) apportion representatives (reapportionment) 3) draw district boundaries (redistricting)
  37. 37. Population Shift
  38. 38. Population Shift
  39. 39. Population Shift
  40. 40. Population Shift
  41. 41. Population Shift
  42. 42. Population Shift
  43. 43. Reapportionment Among Basic Island Units Ten Year Population Growth by Basic Island Unit (U.S. Census PL 94-171 data) State 1,360,301 12% +148,764 Oahu 953,207 9% +77,051 (52%) Hawaii 185,079 24% +36,402 (24%) Maui 154,924 21% +26,683 (18%) 1) population base Kauai 67,091 15% +8,628 (6%) 2) apportion representatives (reapportionment) Kauai 3) draw district boundaries (redistricting) 6% Maui 18% Oahu 52% Hawaii 24%
  44. 44. Reapportionment Within Basic Island Units
  45. 45. District Targets – Ideal Population Balance 1) population base 2) apportion representatives (reapportionment) 3) draw district boundaries (redistricting)
  46. 46. District Targets – Ideal Population Balance 1) population base 2) apportion representatives (reapportionment) 3) draw district boundaries (redistricting)
  47. 47. District Targets – Ideal Population Balance 1) population base 2) apportion representatives (reapportionment) 3) draw district boundaries (redistricting)
  48. 48. Open Edit Review Share SubmitHawaii Redistricting Online https://redistricting.hawaii.gov/
  49. 49. Hawaii Redistricting Online Open Edit Review Share Submit• Hawaii Redistricting Online - Create and share plans - Username/password - Requires Flash plug-in - Online help documents - Now available https://redistricting.hawaii.gov/
  50. 50. Hawaii Redistricting Online Open Edit Review Share Submit Existing Your Your Your Your Districts Plan Plan Plan Plan Assign blocks Check compactness Export text Submit Check deviations Check integrity Export KML Change basemap Create reports Export shapefile
  51. 51. Hawaii Redistricting Online https://redistricting.hawaii.gov/
  52. 52. Hawaii Redistricting Online - Edit Data Design Edit Collaborate Review Publish Existing New Census Congress Congress Existing Senate Existing House Custom
  53. 53. Hawaii Redistricting Online - Edit Data Design Edit Collaborate Review Publish Existing New Census Congress Congress Existing Senate Existing House Custom
  54. 54. Hawaii Redistricting Online - Edit Data Design Edit Collaborate Review Publish Existing New Census Congress Congress Existing Senate Existing House Custom
  55. 55. Hawaii Redistricting Online - Edit Data Design Edit Collaborate Review Publish Existing New Census Congress Congress Existing Senate Existing House Custom
  56. 56. Hawaii Redistricting Online - Edit Data Design Edit Collaborate Review Publish Existing New Census Congress Congress Existing Senate Existing House Custom
  57. 57. Hawaii Redistricting Online - Edit Data Design Edit Collaborate Review Publish Existing New Census Congress Congress Existing Senate Existing House Custom
  58. 58. Hawaii Redistricting Online - Edit Data Design Edit Collaborate Review Publish Existing New Census Congress Congress Existing Senate Existing House Custom
  59. 59. Plans Submitted by the Public 225 accounts created 16 public plans submitted through August 9th Congress 1 plan Honolulu Senate 2 plans Honolulu House 3 plans Hawaii Senate 7 plans Hawaii House 2 plans Kauai House 1 plan
  60. 60. Existing (2001-2010) Senate Honolulu
  61. 61. Proposed Senate Honolulu
  62. 62. Existing (2001-2010) House Hawaii
  63. 63. Proposed House Hawaii
  64. 64. Proposed Plans – Reapportionment Websitehttp://hawaii.gov/elections/reapportionment
  65. 65. Proposed Plans – Static PDFshttp://hawaii.gov/elections/reapportionment
  66. 66. Proposed Plans – Static PDFs
  67. 67. Proposed Plans – Static PDFs
  68. 68. Proposed Plans – Static PDFs
  69. 69. Proposed Plans – Static PDFs
  70. 70. Proposed Plans – Static PDFs
  71. 71. Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewinghttp://hawaii.gov/elections/reapportionment
  72. 72. Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewing
  73. 73. Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewing
  74. 74. Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewing
  75. 75. Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewing
  76. 76. Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewing
  77. 77. Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewing
  78. 78. Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewing
  79. 79. Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewing
  80. 80. Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewing
  81. 81. Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewing
  82. 82. Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewing
  83. 83. Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewing
  84. 84. Proposed Plans – Online Map for Viewing
  85. 85. Commission Schedule – Public HearingsAug 30 West Oahu 6:00 pm Kapolei High School CafeteriaAug 31 Central Maui 5:30 pm Maui Waena Intermediate School CafeteriaSep 1 West Maui 5:30 pm Lahaina Civic CenterSep 2 Kauai 5:30 pm Kauai Council ChamberSep 6 Windward Oahu 6:00 pm Aikahi Elementary School CafeteriaSep 7 Honolulu 6:00 pm State Capitol AuditoriumSep 8 Central Oahu 6:00 pm Mililani High School CafeteriaSep 9 Lanai 5:00 pm Lanai High SchoolSep 12 Molokai 5:00 pm Kaunakakai School CafeteriaSep 13 East Hawaii 5:00 pm Hilo Council ChamberSep 14 West Hawaii 5:00 pm Kona Council ChamberSep 15 Leeward Oahu 6:00 pm Waipahu High School CafeteriaSep 16 East Oahu 6:00 pm Kalani High School Cafeteria
  86. 86. Open Edit Review Share SubmitSubmitting Plan Adjustments https://redistricting.hawaii.gov/
  87. 87. Open Edit Review Share SubmitSubmitting Plan Adjustments https://redistricting.hawaii.gov/
  88. 88. Open Edit Review Share SubmitSubmitting Plan Adjustments https://redistricting.hawaii.gov/
  89. 89. Open Edit Review Share SubmitSubmitting Plan Adjustments https://redistricting.hawaii.gov/
  90. 90. Open Edit Review Share SubmitSubmitting Plan Adjustments https://redistricting.hawaii.gov/
  91. 91. Open Edit Review Share SubmitSubmitting Plan Adjustments https://redistricting.hawaii.gov/
  92. 92. Changes from Feb 15 Proposed MapsNewtown
  93. 93. Changes from Feb 15 Proposed MapsOcean Pointe / Hoakalei
  94. 94. Changes from Feb 15 Proposed MapsMakakilo / Haleiwa / Waialua
  95. 95. Changes from Feb 15 Proposed MapsMaunawili
  96. 96. Open Edit Review Share SubmitCitizen Engagement 309 accounts created 26 public plans submitted by September 15th Congress 1 plan Honolulu Senate 3 plans Honolulu House 8 plans Hawaii Senate 8 plans (3 plans received assume 4 Senate districts) Hawaii House 5 plans Kauai House 1 plan
  97. 97. Open Edit Review Share Submit Citizen Engagement586 accounts created as of March 6th845 plans created as of March 6th
  98. 98. Citizen Engagement
  99. 99. Citizen Engagement“Power to the people…” - John Lennon
  100. 100. Citizen Engagement“Maps can speak, louder than words…” - Geo Marley
  101. 101. Citizen Engagement“Don’t just use your voice, use your hands…” - Jen Pahlka
  102. 102. Citizen Engagement“Don’t just use your voice, use your hands… … and make a map” - Map Buddha
  103. 103. Citizen Participation in Redistricting Using Online GIS Royce Jones Esri rjones@esri.com @rajhawaii 7 March 2012 Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference
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