Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: GIS for Citizen Engagement - Hawaii Coqui Crawl Project - Counting Frogs with Cell Phones
The mythos of the researcher
Monitoring – Long-term Value• The information never goes out of date• The information NOT collected now can NOT be collected later• I and M data are used many times by many people• I and M data creates the foundation for Research and Researchers• The names and legacies of these people are kept in our memories• Many are NOT professionals
How do we know there are Coqui Frogs in Hawaii?• Native Crickets?• Introduced Katydids?• Etc.?
Counting Crickets with CellPhones: How we Harnessed New Yorkers’ Favorite ToolDuring the NYC Cricket Crawl Lou Sorkin, Sam Droege, Elizabeth Johnson, John Pickering, Tammy Pittman, Emily Sweet
Goals• Collect scientifically defensible data about “singing” Orthoptera in metro region – Survey 7 easy to ID species – Look for Common True Katydid colonies • William T. Davis mentions them being absent [The True Katydid nearly extinct in New York City] in the early part of last century, published in the Journal of the New York Entomological Society. Vol. 28(1), March 1920)
More Goals• Engage the public in data collection – have scientific, non-scientific groups, and citizens work together – generate excitement and intrigue to lure people into going outside, thinking about nature, and possibly pursuing natural history study• Test out new citizen science protocols – people sending in data immediately from the field – entering and displaying data by the end of the night
More, More Goals• Integrate art into a scientific venture• Set an example for what other groups could replicate elsewhere• Do it for 0 dollars• Have fun
Quick Overview• September 12, 2009 – rain date• Advertised via list serves, facebook, emails, other PR• Data quality – selected 7 relatively easy to ID species – set up website with training materials, audio files – encouraged group survey (allowing folks to confer on ID) – expert field confirmation of questionable submissions
Participation• ~ 400 sites surveyed• ~ 300 individuals involved – Most people went out in small groups • Families went home afterwards • Other people went out to bars afterwards • Some worked overnight into the morning • Some ??
Data Submission• Information submitted: – Observer name, exact location, time, species heard• Phone message (converted to .mp3file) or email linked to drop.io box and picked up by workers at Cricket Crawl HQ• Data entered by people at Cricket Crawl HQ and on the Internet – listen, transcribe
Maps of the Results• Generated by John Pickering at the University of Georgia• Programmed to update every 10 minutes throughout the night
Map Legend• Yellow dots are sampling locations• Red dots are places that recorded that species
Orocharis saltator Jumping Bush Cricket• Common species• Potentially some confusion with Snowy Tree Crickets (not included in the survey) and with Fall Field Crickets• Not mentioned by Davis as present during his time
Pterophylla camellifolia Common True Katydid• Large clumsy species that appears in small colonies• Essentially doesn’t fly• Disappeared from Staten Island in the early part of the last century• Only reappeared lately (re: Paul Lederer and co. work)• Unclear how long present on Manhattan• Distribution clumped, but present in some very small woodlots (re: Marie Winn’s)• Follow-up to confirm some localities needed
Things People Liked ….• Being outside at night looking at something they thought they knew, but really didn’t• Sending in data with their cell phone• Being part of an event• Learning about crickets and katydids in general