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Global 3D/4D Visualization Software:   Large GIS, Volumetric, & LiDAR Data                  Duke Hartman                  ...
Who is Makai?    • Located on Oahu, Hawaii    • Est. 1973; ~29 persons    • Specialties:       – Submarine Cable         P...
Makai Voyager Software• Big goal: “Google Earth + Scientific Data”• 3D/4D Scientific Visualization:  – Volume, flow, LIDAR...
Product Goals      Global geo-referenced                       Dynamic geo-referenced                          GIS (vector...
What’s the problem?   First off: what is “4D”?      3D volumetric data: x, y, z, with some        attribute (e.g., tempe...
Who Cares?   Anyone dealing with complex 3D &    GIS data. This includes:      Disaster Management      Ocean / Earth /...
Technical Challenge   Understanding large 4D data sets   Traditionally visualized using single 2D layers   Images & ter...
Render, faster, better:   Interactivity is achieved for very large data using:      Data tiling for time-varying 2D and ...
Makai Voyager Main Screen                        Tools Drag-n-Drop                                     Navigation  Interfa...
What type of data can it handle?  Imagery  Terrain (Topos & Bathymetry)  3D Objects  LiDAR  Typical GIS formats (150+...
Web Map Services (WMS)    WMS streaming over internet (OpenStreetMaps data)    US Navy ocean model - surface elevation d...
Disaster Modeling    Tsunami, Hurricane, Earthquake, Flood, Fire Contamination Plume, etc.    Tsunami model shows actual...
Analysis Tools    Triple slice graphs for simultaneous graphing of all major axes of a data set    Measurement, probing,...
Massive LiDAR    Point clouds visualized using level-of-detail.    Photo colored points or height coloring.
Data Fusion    Georeferenced LiDAR city scan over WMS maps & terrain data
Hydrodynamic / Hydrological Plumes    Hydro plume models such as outfalls, toxic waste, oil spills, etc.    Realistic KM...
Real-time Streaming of Sensor Data    NOAA NDBC weather station observational data viewed in same 3D platform.    Live s...
Web Application    Program opens within web browser on low powered laptop, tablet (e.g. iPad)    Server renders 3D visua...
Disaster Management                                                                             Processes, Integrates and ...
Tactical Display: Integration with P3    Anti-submarine warfare: In summer/fall 2010 Makai worked with Lockheed to     in...
Integrated acoustic propagation algorithms w/ 4D environmental data.Application for ocean, but could easily be modified fo...
http://voyager.makai.com
Thank you!                  Questions?            Duke Hartman            Makai Ocean Engineering, Inc.Duke.Hartman@Makai....
Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: Application Development - A Global 3D/4D PC Based GIS Tool for Interactively Visualizi...
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Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: Application Development - A Global 3D/4D PC Based GIS Tool for Interactively Visualizing and Fusing Large Time-Varying Volumetric, Elevation, Imagery, and LiDAR Data Sets

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Transcript of "Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: Application Development - A Global 3D/4D PC Based GIS Tool for Interactively Visualizing and Fusing Large Time-Varying Volumetric, Elevation, Imagery, and LiDAR Data Sets"

  1. 1. Global 3D/4D Visualization Software: Large GIS, Volumetric, & LiDAR Data Duke Hartman Makai Ocean Engineering, Inc.Duke.Hartman@Makai.com • (808) 259-8871 • http://Voyager.Makai.com
  2. 2. Who is Makai? • Located on Oahu, Hawaii • Est. 1973; ~29 persons • Specialties: – Submarine Cable Planning & Installation – OTEC / Deep Water Pipes – Deep Water Marine Design – Visualization Software OTEC Cable Visualization.
  3. 3. Makai Voyager Software• Big goal: “Google Earth + Scientific Data”• 3D/4D Scientific Visualization: – Volume, flow, LIDAR, graphing, analysis, etc. with GIS backdrop.• Developed over last 5 years with funding from: – ONR (Office of Naval Research) – CEROS (National Defense Center of Excellence for Research in Ocean Sciences) – HTDV (Hawaii Technology Development Venture)• Makai is starting to commercialize the software: – http://voyager.makai.com – Downloadable demo on Windows, Linux, Mac (150 Mb) – Stream data from Makai servers.
  4. 4. Product Goals Global geo-referenced Dynamic geo-referenced GIS (vector & raster data) Imagery & Terrain/Bathy Iso-surfaces & Volumes & KML Objects + + Multiple layers / fuse and analyze data Multi-variable data fusion & analysis > 150 different formats Common Operating Picture: advanced scientific visualization, GIS, and graphing, into common view. Global Geo-referenced View Speed: Operate on standard PC at interactive rates; Platform Independent: Windows, Linux, OSX; Large Data: Handle large volumetric grids (> 5123) with multiple variables and with potentially unlimited time-steps; Web-Enabled: Web-app for remote visualization. Images + Terrain + Volume + Flow + Time
  5. 5. What’s the problem? First off: what is “4D”?  3D volumetric data: x, y, z, with some attribute (e.g., temperature, wind speed, etc.) 2D: Each pixel is a data sample  4D = 3D + time Displaying 4D data can be challenging:  Data and scene management  Georeferencing  Speed Status Quo? Volumetric data not handled adequately by:  Leading interactive 3D imagery/terrain software (Google Earth)  Leading GIS software (… you know who)
  6. 6. Who Cares? Anyone dealing with complex 3D & GIS data. This includes:  Disaster Management  Ocean / Earth / Atmosphere Science 2D: Each pixel is a data sample  Geology / Mining / Oil & Gas  Environmental / Hydro Engineers  Military - Tactical Displays for Situational Awareness  GIS Professionals with complicated 3D problems … hopefully you!
  7. 7. Technical Challenge Understanding large 4D data sets Traditionally visualized using single 2D layers Images & terrain are associated with pixels (X, Y → elevation/color) – i.e., 2D images 4D data are associated with voxels (X, Y, Z, time → multiple variables) 2D VIEWS 3D VIEWS
  8. 8. Render, faster, better: Interactivity is achieved for very large data using:  Data tiling for time-varying 2D and 3D data (similar to what GE does for terrain);  Efficient compression algorithms;  Accelerated GPU rendering; and,  Multi-threading capabilities of modern processors.
  9. 9. Makai Voyager Main Screen Tools Drag-n-Drop Navigation Interface Controls Loaded Data 3D ViewVisualizations Legends Mouse Coordinate Simulation Clock / Status bar
  10. 10. What type of data can it handle?  Imagery  Terrain (Topos & Bathymetry)  3D Objects  LiDAR  Typical GIS formats (150+)  Web Maps  Volumetric, iso-surface & time varying data  Real-time streaming sensor & GPS data
  11. 11. Web Map Services (WMS)  WMS streaming over internet (OpenStreetMaps data)  US Navy ocean model - surface elevation data for ocean (with contours).
  12. 12. Disaster Modeling  Tsunami, Hurricane, Earthquake, Flood, Fire Contamination Plume, etc.  Tsunami model shows actual surface elevation – plot intersection with terrain for inundation analysis. Chile Tsunami, 2010 NOAA Tsunami Warning Center Data
  13. 13. Analysis Tools  Triple slice graphs for simultaneous graphing of all major axes of a data set  Measurement, probing, cropping, graphing, snapshot & movie export tools
  14. 14. Massive LiDAR  Point clouds visualized using level-of-detail.  Photo colored points or height coloring.
  15. 15. Data Fusion  Georeferenced LiDAR city scan over WMS maps & terrain data
  16. 16. Hydrodynamic / Hydrological Plumes  Hydro plume models such as outfalls, toxic waste, oil spills, etc.  Realistic KML geometries, bathymetry, etc. for context.
  17. 17. Real-time Streaming of Sensor Data  NOAA NDBC weather station observational data viewed in same 3D platform.  Live streaming over the internet using WMS.
  18. 18. Web Application  Program opens within web browser on low powered laptop, tablet (e.g. iPad)  Server renders 3D visualizations, then sends images to client app.
  19. 19. Disaster Management Processes, Integrates and Visualizes Real-time Data Sensors Public Data Streamed GIS• Legacy and real-time sensor data: (land, air, underwater) in space & time in common view. Situational Feedback• Increase surveillance efficiency: reduce op 3D manpower – consolidate 2D flat views in a true 3D/4D Awareness Viewer visual environment. For Field Units• Data fusion from multi-sources: reducing decision-making and response time.• Open architecture: can be expanded and customized easily.• Simulation: threat situations for training of emergency responders
  20. 20. Tactical Display: Integration with P3  Anti-submarine warfare: In summer/fall 2010 Makai worked with Lockheed to integrate 4D Visualization technology in the acoustic subsystem for the P3-C Orion aircraft
  21. 21. Integrated acoustic propagation algorithms w/ 4D environmental data.Application for ocean, but could easily be modified for land sound abatement analysis.
  22. 22. http://voyager.makai.com
  23. 23. Thank you! Questions? Duke Hartman Makai Ocean Engineering, Inc.Duke.Hartman@Makai.com • (808) 259-8871http://Voyager.Makai.com
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