Ed 413 ch. 1 powerpoint
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Ed 413 ch. 1 powerpoint Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Chapter One Special Education in an Era of Inclusion and Standards
    Leah Hight
  • 2. Standard-Based Education
    Definition: What is taught must be tied to the state-derived content along with performance standards
    Key Features:
    Content standard: The understanding that students should be receiving from academic subjects
    Performance standard: Levels that students must prove knowledge and understanding in subject areas
    Other areas of standards are seen as standards, benchmarks, and indicators
  • 3. Student Accountability
    NCLB requires standards-based tests of all students, unless unable because of disability
    If a student has an IEP, the form of taking these standard tests must be documented in the IEP
    The IEP has control over the student taking the test or not
  • 4. Inclusion
    It is important for all persons to feel a sense of belonging in education, no matter their academic and social levels
    Inclusion has to do with how educators respond to individual differences
    Each student must feel a part of their class whether it be in a special education room or mainstream classes
  • 5. RTIResponse to Intervention
    Tier 1: Differentiated Instruction delivered by a general education teacher
    All students participate in this tier
    Use of evidence-based curriculum
    Effective for 80 – 85 percent of students
    Tier 2: Few Students who did not respond to the curriculum in tier 1
    Builds from curriculum in tier 1
    Use of strategic evidence based intervention
    Some students may receive this instruction while still staying placed in the general education classroom
    Still participate in tier 1 curriculum, just taught in a slightly different way
    Tier 3: High-Quality intensive intervention
    Very few students
    Size of student groups reduced
    Taught by special education teacher
    Supplement curriculum in tier 1, not replaced
    Does not mean they are disabled
  • 6. UDLUniversal Design for Learning
    Main ideas of UDL
    Attends to individual needs in general fashion that does not draw attention to any one individual
    Developing curricula and materials that attend to the needs of students with special needs
    Capitalizes on new technology
    Provides a new way of looking at students with disabilities
    What UDL features provide:
    Appropriate challenge for all students
    Materials have flexible format
    Methods are flexible and diverse
    Provides accurate ongoing information that helps teachers adjust their instruction according to student’s needs
  • 7. Differentiated Instruction
    Definition: Reformulation of the basic idea of individualizing instruction that has been espoused for many years within special education
    Idea of concept:
    A wide range of student needs can be accommodated within general education classrooms
    Provides principles of UDL
    Capability to provide a way to address individual needs of the range of student’s needs in the classroom
  • 8. Evidence-Based Practice
    Requires teachers to use interventions that have evidence that they have worked with the populations with whom they will be using them on
    It is all about how teachers instruct students
    Teachers must be aware of their student’s needs to use interventions properly
  • 9. Diversity Considerations
    Teachers must consider their curriculum and daily lessons must reflect significant diversity
    Teachers must design classroom to address the needs of a range of learners with diverse needs
    This is another way of remembering that each student had their own individual way of learning
  • 10. No Child Left BehindNCLB
    The NCLB Act was passed in 2001- The reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA). It had intent to better serve the neediest of students in our schools and to hold schools more accountable for their education
    Key Provisions:
    Increased accountability- standardized tests
    Parent and student choice – ability to replace children, obtain educational services
    Greater flexibility to states, school districts, and schools
    Putting reading first – ensure goals
    Highly qualified teachers
  • 11. Section 504
    The Rehabilitation Act has had profound effects on access for students with characteristics that have a limiting effect on their ability to learn.
    Any child who has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities can qualify for special services under section 504
  • 12. Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 2004
    Been amended 3 times
    Originally called Public Law 94-142
    Must provide a equal education to all students with disabilities
    All students with disabilities have access to general education
  • 13. Free, appropriate Public Education
    School districts must provide special education and related services necessary to meet the needs of students with special learning requirements. If schools are unable to provide those things, other agencies must provide necessary services at public expense. Schools must also provide transportation and such related services
  • 14. Appropriate Evaluation
    IDEA requires that prior to a student receiving special education and related services for the first time, a full and individual initial evaluation must be conducted. Also, parental consent must be provided, evaluation by IEP team, use of more than one procedure, testing, and reevaluations
  • 15. Individualized Education Program IEP
    A written document summarizing a student’s learning program and is required for every student who qualifies for services. Purpose is to provide learning goals for an individual student, to determine services, and to enhance communication among parents and other professionals.
  • 16. Least Restrictive Environment
    Schools must educate children with disabilities- to an extent- in general education settings with peers who are nondisabled. This provides an opportunity for students to attend school in the most inclusive setting possible.
  • 17. Parent and Student Participation in Decision Making/ Procedural Safeguards
    Parental consent must accompany every decision that affects a child with a disability. Parents must also consent to all evaluations made of the student.
    Parents have the right to obtain the student or move the student based on their knowledge of their child’s special education
  • 18. Americans with Disabilities Act ADA
    Similar to Section 504
    Represents broad civil rights coverage for individuals who are disabled
    Establishes guidelines for employment, public housing and services
  • 19. This picture depicts a teacher with a very diverse group of children with learning disabilities. It can be a challenge to reach all weak areas of each child’s disabilities.