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Top tallest mountains in the world
 

Top tallest mountains in the world

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Are you curious about the world's highest mountain? Do you want to travel to the world's highest mountain? Our file provides useful information about the world's highest mountain. There is also a ...

Are you curious about the world's highest mountain? Do you want to travel to the world's highest mountain? Our file provides useful information about the world's highest mountain. There is also a very beautiful picture of those mountains. Exploring the finest and most gigantic mountains on Earth in just one click!

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    Top tallest mountains in the world Top tallest mountains in the world Document Transcript

    • The Five Tallest Mountains in the World Among the tallest mountains in the world, the top five are all found in Asia. In fact,the fourteen tallest mountains worldwide are all located in Asia. They are all within aspecific area called the Himalayan and Karakoram mountain ranges. These mountainranges span the countries of Nepal, Pakistan and Tibet (China). The five tallest mountains and their heights are: 1. Mt. Everest – 8,850 meters (above sea level) 2. K2 (Godwin Austen) - 8,612 meters 3. Kanchenjunga - 8,586 meters 4. Lhotse I - 8,501 meters 5. Makalu I - 8,462 meters Mount Everest Practically everyone has heard of this tallest mountain the world, which is located inthe Himalayan region in Nepal and China. The natives in Nepal call this mountainSagarmatha, meaning “goddess of the sky.” Himalayas, the mountain range, means“abode of snow.” These names are very appropriate. The snow in the mountain rangenever melts, even in summer. And Mount Everest is so high up in the sky that manyclimbers wear oxygen masks to be able to breathe near and at the peak. The higher aperson climbs up the mountain, the less oxygen there is, making it harder and harder tobreathe. An untrained person will become dizzy and light-headed, and he can die if nomedical intervention is given. The first two people to climb Mount Everest were Sir Edmund Hillary and his guide,Tenzing Norgay. They wore oxygen masks when they made their historic ascent in 1953. Mount K2 (Godwin Austen) This second tallest mountain is K2, located in Pakistan and China. It was first scaled in1954 by an Italian team which included Achille Compagnoni and Lino Lacedelli. Beforethis, many climbers in major expeditions tried to reach the peak, all unsuccessfully, and
    • a lot of people thought that maybe the peak of this mountain wasn’t at all reachable.The 1954 expedition included 11 climbers (one of whom died en route to the peak), sixscientists, and no less than 500 porters. Only Compagnoni and Lacedelli actuallymanaged to reach the top. This incredibly remote and challenging mountain peak is sonamed for being the second mountain in the Karakoram group of mountains(Karakoram-2), as listed by the surveyor T. G. Montgomery in 1856. K2, or Ketu, issometimes locally referred to as Chogori, which means “Great Mountain.” K2 is alsooccasionally called Mount Godwin-Austen, in honor of the person who supervised the1856 survey. Kangchenjunga Also found in the Himalayas on the Nepal/Indian side, this third tallest mountain wasthought to be the highest mountain in the world in the past, up to the year 1849. It isalso extremely difficult to scale. Aside from its imposing height, it is constantly visited byavalanches and mudslides. The first persons to scale it were the British explorers GeorgeBand and Joe Brown in 1955. The local Sikkimese people consider this mountain sacred.Its name means “the Five Treasures of the Great Snow.” There are five other peaksarising from the glaciers around Kangchenjunga. Lhotse This peak was first scaled in 1956 by a Swiss team of mountaineers led by Ernst Reissand Fritz Luchsinger. The group was attempting to climb to the peak of Mount Everest,and they went by Mount Lhotse as an alternative route. Mount Lhotse is in the CentralHimalayas, in Nepal and China. Makalu Mount Makalu is also in the Central Himalayas. It is an isolated peak close to MountEverest. It is beautifully formed, as close to a perfect pyramid as can be, with four sharpridges that make for a very challenging climb. The mountain is lauded for being perhapsthe most structurally stunning in the Himalayan region.
    • The Five Tallest Mountains in Europe The five tallest mountains in Europe are: 1. Mount Elbrus – with a height of 5,642 meters, located in Russia 2. Mount Dykh-Tau – with a height of 5,205 meters, also found in Russia 3. Mount Shkhara – located 5,201 meters above sea level in Georgia 4. Mount Koshtan-Tau – found in Russia, with a height of 5,152 meters 5. Mount Agri Dagi or Mount Ararat – located in Turkey, at 5,137 meters above sealevel The first four mountains in the list are found in the Caucasus Mountain Range. Theregives rise to some controversy, because this mountain range is part of both Europe andAsia (or Eurasia). Turkey, the location of the last mountain in the list, also forms part ofEurasia. If one considers these areas to be part of Europe, then the list of tallest mountainsabove is accurate. But if one considers them to be Asian, then the list would beinaccurate. The revised list would have Mont Blanc, a mountain in the Italian-Frenchborder of the Alps, as the highest mountain in Europe. Traditionally, however, mountaineers and many other people regard Mount Elbrusas the tallest in Europe, whether this is politically or geographically accurate or not. Therest of the mountains of the Caucasus are also considered part of Europe, traditionallyspeaking. Mount Elbrus used to be known as Mount Strobilus. Legend has it that this waswhere Prometheus was chained to a rock at the behest of the supreme god Zeus. Themountain is actually an extinct volcano. It is snowy and the summit is ice-capped all yearround. It is best climbed in the months of June to September. It was first scaled in 1874by F. Crauford Grove, A. W. Moore, F. Gardiner, Horace Walker, and Pete Knubel. Oncereached, the summit provides a magnificent view of the Caucasus Mountains.
    • The next tallest European mountain is Mount Dykh-Tau, also part of the CaucasusMountains. The first persons to successfully climb it, in 1888, were A. F. Mummery andH. Zurfluh. It is a very challenging climb up to this day, because of the steep sides, thesnow, and its windswept walls and ridges. Next is Mount Shkhara, found in the Caucasus within the country of Georgia, at anelevation of about 5,193 meters. Like Mount Dykh-Tau, it was first climbed in 1888. Thefirst successful climbers were U. Almer, J. Cockin and C. Roth. This British/Swiss teamtook the easier North East Ridge route, but there is a much more arduous and difficultroute to the top which is called the “Bezingi Wall.” This route is extremely challenging tocross, and only the fittest, most well trained mountaineers attempt it. It was firsttraversed in 1931 by a team of Austrian mountaineers that included K. Poppinger, K.Moldan, and S. Schintlmeister. Not too far away is Mount Koshtan-Tau, the fourth tallest mountain in Europe. This islocated in the Koshtan massif of the central Caucasus range. Geographically, it formspart of Russia, near its Georgian boundary. Finally, the last mountain on the list is perhaps the most world-famous in the group.Mount Ararat in northeast Turkey, also called Mount Agri Dagi, is an extinct volcano thatis believed to be the landing site of Noah’s Ark after the biblical Great Flood. Thismountain is located near the Iranian and Armenian borders of Turkey, and there is asmaller twin mountain nearby called Little Ararat. Mount Ararat is considered holy bymany people. There used to be a small town with a convent and a chapel along itsslopes, but these were buried in an earthquake in 1840.
    • The Five Tallest Mountains in Asia The five tallest mountain peaks in Asia are also the five tallest in the whole world.The reason for this is because the mighty and extensive Himalayan-Karakoram mountainrange is home to the fourteen tallest mountains worldwide. This mountain rangestraddles Tibet (China), Nepal, India and Pakistan. The tallest mountain is, of course, Mount Everest. This imposing mountain is all of8,850 meters high. This is its latest height, as determined by global positioning satellite(GPS) and radar technology. Mountain Everest, as well as other peaks in the Himalayas,is actually becoming taller with the passing of time, due to the action of tectonic platesunderneath. The increase is something like 6 millimeters per year, too small to bedetectible by the human senses, but the change can very significant after hundreds orthousands of years. Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay were the first persons to climb MountEverest in 1953. Back then, they estimated it to be 8,840 meters high, which is incrediblyaccurate given the cruder methods of height estimation at that time. Tibetan locals call the mountain Chomolungma, meaning “goddess of the sky.” Thename Everest was adopted by the Royal Geographical Society (in the Great Britain),after one of its surveyor generals of India, Sir George Everest. This English name stuck,and it is now the official name of this magnificent mountain. It is considered a great feat of endurance to climb up to the very summit of MountEverest. To date, nearly 5,000 people have climbed up to the peak, and some 216people have died while trying to do so.
    • The second highest mountain is Mount K2, the original surveyor’s name for it as thesecond mountain listed in the Karakoram mountain range (Karakoram No. 2). K2 isgeographically part of China and Pakistan. It was first scaled on July 31, 1954, by anItalian team of mountaineers led by Achille Compagnoni and Lino Lacedelli. Mount K2 is 8,611 meters high, which is pretty close to Mount Everest’s height. Butit could be more difficult to climb, because of the extreme cold, some very steep areas,and treacherous conditions. Many people have died trying to scale Mount K2, and manyclimbing expeditions failed after very well prepared and brave attempts. At one point intime, people believed it was impossible to reach the mountaintop. But with thesuccessful climbing of Mt. Everest, there was renewed enthusiasm among mountaineersto try to reach the top of Mount K2 as well. The local name for Mount K2 is Chogori, which literally translates as “big mountain.”Other people call it Mount Godwin-Austen, after an early explorer named HenryGodwin-Austen. Yet another name for it, less known but very apt, is “the savagemountain.” Mount K2 is believed to be the second hardest-to-climb mountain. It too hasthe second highest fatality rate; out of every four people who successfully reached itspeak, there is one who died in the attempt. No one has ever dared climb it in the harshwinter months. The third, fourth and fifth tallest mountains are: • Mount Kangchenjunga, which is 8,586 meters high, and found in the Nepal-Indiaside of the Himalayas • Mount Lhotse, found in the Nepal-Tibet border, at 8,516 meters above sea level • Mouth Makalu, with an imposing height of 8,463 meters, also found in the Nepal-Tibet area of the Himalayas
    • The Five Tallest Mountains in America In the two American continents, the five tallest mountains all happen to be locatedin South America. Specifically, they can all be found in the Argentinian and Chileanmountain regions. The top five tallest mountains are: 1. Mount Aconcagua – measuring 6,962 meters about sea level, located inArgentina 2. Mount Ojos del Salado – found in Chile, rising 6,891 meters above sea level 3. Mount Pissis – also in Argentina, with a height of 6,793 meters 4. Mount Mercedario – rising 6,770 above sea level in the borders of Argentina andChile 5. Mount Huascarán – located in Peru, with a height of 6,768 meters above sea level The tallest mountain in North America is Mount McKinley in Alaska, U.S.A. Itmeasures 6,194 meters above sea level, hence it doesn’t make it to the Top 5 list. The highest mountain in the Americas, Mount Aconcagua, is found in the Andesmountain range. It is located in Argentina, near its border with Chile. It is one of the so-called Seven Summits, or the highest mountains in each of all the continents in theworld. The mountain actually forms part of the Aconcagua Provincial Park. Mount Aconcagua is a snowy peak with many glacier systems. The name of themountain may have originally meant “sentinel of stone” or “white sentinel.”Mountaineers favor climbing the mountain via an easy northern route. Others prefer anortheastern route through the so-called Polish Glacier. Other routes, especially the onethrough the southern slopes, are considerably more challenging.
    • Next in the list is Mount Ojos del Salado. Its complete name is Nevado Ojos delSalado, which means “eyes of the salty river." This name comes from the lagoons ordeposits of salt, which look like eyes on the glaciers. The mountain is also a volcano thatforms part of the Andes mountain range, located in Argentina and Chile. It has thedistinction of being the tallest volcano in the whole world. Climbing the mountainrequires a long hike followed by a series of rather difficult climbs before the summit isreached. It was first successfully climbed by Polish mountaineers in 1937. Mount Pissis, or Monte Pissis in the local dialect, is the third tallest peak in theAmericas. It is an extinct volcano, found some 550 kilometers north of MountAconcagua, the tallest mountain in the Western hemisphere. Some people believed that Monte Pissis could be actually taller than Mount Ojos delSalado, because a GPS survey once measured the former’s height to be 6,882 meters.But consequent measurements proved the assertion to be false. Like Mount Ojos del Salado, Monte Pissis is also located in the Atacama Desert,hence it is mainly dry, and snow can be found in the peak only during the wintermonths. The name of the mountain comes from Pedro José Amadeo Pissis, a Frenchgeologist who was once employed by the Chilean government. The last two tallest mountains in the list are Mount Mercedario in Argentina andChile, and Mount Huascarán in Yungay, Peru. Mount Mercedario or Cerro Mercedario ispart of the Cordillera de la Ramada mountain range, and it is just about a hundredkilometers away from Mount Aconcagua. Meanwhile, Mount Huascarán or NevadoHuascarán is part of the Cordillera Blanca range of the Western Andes in Peru.
    • The Tallest Mountain and the Highest Mountain:What Is the Difference? Ask anyone what the highest mountain in the world is, and he would probably reply“Mount Everest.” This answer is correct; Mount Everest is indeed the highest mountainin the world. Its height is measured at 29,035 feet (or 8,850 meters) above sea level,according to the latest, most technologically advanced radar and GPS instruments. Now, ask anyone what the tallest mountain is, and you would probably get the sameanswer. However, this time, that answer is incorrect. Mount Everest is not the tallestmountain in the world. “The tallest” and “the highest” may sound synonymous to most people, but there isactually a distinction between the two. How high a mountain is, is measured from sealevel up to the summit. How tall a mountain is, on the other hand, is measured from itsbase all the way to the tip or summit. Aside from these two separate ways of measuring mountains, there is even a thirdmethod. This is done by measuring the distance from the center of the earth to thesummit of the mountain. This is not very commonly done, however, and people rarelyhear of it except in in-depth geologic or geographical lectures and discussions. From the criterion of “highness” in a mountain, Mount Everest earns the top spot,because it has the greatest measurement from sea level to summit. But from thestandpoint of “tallness”—the measurement from the base to the very tip of themountain—the top spot goes to Mauna Kea, a volcanic mountain in Hawaii. From baseto tip, Mauna Kea measures 33,465 feet. In comparison, from base to tip, Mount Everestmeasures 29,029 feet, which is 4,436 feet shorter. This height difference translates tomore than three-quarters of a mile!
    • This means that if the two mountains were placed side by side and the ocean levelremoved from the picture, Mauna Kea would be higher than Mount Everest by aboutthree-fourth of a mile. But if the ocean were placed back in the picture, the peak ofMount Everest would seem higher because a greater part of Mauna Kea would besubmerged under the sea. Measured from sea level upward, Mauna Kea stands only 13,796 feet. By humanstandards—meaning how it would appear to people who lived above sea level(naturally!)—this would seem much shorter than Mount Everest’s imposing 29,035-feetheight above sea level. People, because they live on land, perceive Mount Everest to bemore than twice as high as Mauna Kea. That explains why Mount Everest is a household name—the highest mountain theworld!—and why Mauna Kea is relatively unheard of. Another interesting trivia is that Mount Everest has not reached its full height yet. Itsheight is actually increasing year after year, though people won’t notice it because theincrease is very little—about four to six millimeters in one year. The increase is due tothe imperceptible movements of tectonic plates under the ocean bed. Specifically, it isbecause of the sliding of the Indian Tectonic Plate under the Eurasian Plate. The IndianTectonic Plate is immediately underneath Mount Everest and other mountains in theHimalayan range. From data available, it is estimated that after about 26,000 years,Mount Everest would have increased in height by about a mile!