Surrealism means super realism.
Surrealism literary means ‘above
and beyond reality’.
Surrealism sought to free the
imaginative human mind & reveal
the unconscious encouraging and
rejection to logic & reasoning.
Historical background :
Surrealism was an artistic
and literary movement
that emerged in reaction
to the horrors of World
War I. Artists responded
to the horrors of war by
challenging the prevalent
norms of society and its
values. With a spirit of
idealism, artist and writers
shared a belief that they
could change the world by
freeing the unconscious
Surrealism term :
This term was coined by ‘Guillaume
Apollinaire’ in 1917 to describe his
own play The Mammaries.
In 1924, the
group in Paris.
and poets; later
or making art
about what they
images and ideas
to flow freely
Often they then
worked back into
a painting to “pull
Freud had significant influence on the
beliefs and practices of the Surrealists.
He believed that our subconscious
thoughts are symbolically represented in
our dreams and fully understand
ourselves, we need to tap into these
dreams and messages. Artists, writers
and poets were inspired to explore the
conscious and subconscious mind.
Forms of Surrealism :
• Veristic surrealism
Veristic Surrealism :
• Portray the dream world with rich detail.
• Allow the subconscious to surface in order to
• Closer to reality.
• Hold some truth.
• Created The
based on the “pure