Indo european family of language

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Indo european family of language

  1. 1. PRESENTATION ON THE INDO-EUROPEAN FAMILY OF LANGUAGES TR
  2. 2.  The most widely studied language family  More than half of the world's population speak one or more of these languages.  The term Indo-European was previously coined as Aryan, and later on Indo Germanic.
  3. 3. Members of The Indo-European Family of Languages Note: Two other branches of Indo-European family Hittie and Tocharianare now extinct. These are not shown in the above diagram.
  4. 4.  Vedas Indian  The use of Sanskrit extended afterward Panini and the transition of Vedic Sanskrit  Two epics, the Mahabharatha and the Ramayana  Prakrits and Pali  Hindi, Urdu, Bengali, Punjabi and Marathi descendents of dialects
  5. 5. Iranian Covers the Northwest of India and the great plateau of Iran. Linked with the Indian branch. Expansion of the language carried as remote as southern Russia and central China. Iranian Avestan Persian
  6. 6. AVESTAN: Of AVESTA- sacred book of Zrastrians- sometimes called zend. OLD PERSIAN: Preserved-conquests- Daries,Xerxes.
  7. 7. Armenian Found in a small area south of the Caucasus  Mountains and the eastern end of the Black Sea. Entrance, between the eighth and sixth centuries B.C. Balkans, Hellespont Influences of some consonant shifting Lack of grammatical gender  No link with any other Indo European
  8. 8.  The Phrygians  Limitations  Its rising  Armenian literature  Persian domination  Other languages in vocabulary.
  9. 9. Balto-Slavic Balto-Slavic Slavic Baltic Slavic Baltic Prussian Latvian Lithuanian East Slavic West Slavic South Slavic
  10. 10. BALTIC Prussian: Letic: Displaced- German-19th century 2 million, Lativa Lithunian: 3 million- Lithunia
  11. 11. SALVIC EAST SALVIC: Great Russian, White Russian, Little Russian(Ukrainian) WEST SALVIC: Polish, Czechoslovakian, Sorbian(Wend). SOUTH SALVIC: Bulgarian, SerboCroatian, Slovenian Bible and certain liturgical texts represents salvic language.
  12. 12. Hittie The oldest recorded branch  The term taken from the translation of the Hebrew Bible  Records are on clay tablet The Hittites were ancient Anatolian people
  13. 13. Germanic Germanic East Germanic  North Germanic West Germanic Gothic, is the principal language of East Germanic.  Burgundian and Vandalic.  North Germanic is found in Scandinavia, Denmark, Iceland and the Faroe Islands.
  14. 14. West Germanic High German Low German  Middle, Rhenish, East Franconian Bavarian and Alemannic dialects of High German Old Saxon, Old Low Franconian, Old Frisian and Old English. Old Frisian and Old English constitute Anglo-Frisian Old Low Franconian, with some mixture of Frisian and Saxon constitute Dutch and Flemish.
  15. 15. Hellenic  Geographical position  Five dialectal groups  Attic the mostly studied dialect  Place of greats’ assemblage  Attic, base of Koine  Local differentiation of Koine and Modern Greek.
  16. 16. Albanian  Modern remnant of Illyrian  Vocabulary is mixed  Slowly recognized  Formerly classed with Hellenic group  Now independent recognition
  17. 17. Tocharian  Added in the Indo-European language family in the 20th century.  Some fragmentary texts discovered  Belongs to the Indo-European family along with the Hellenic, Italic, Germanic and Celtic groups.
  18. 18. Italic  Derived from Latin  Settlements from different parts of the world.  Etruscan, Lingurian, Venetic, Messapian and Greek, spoken earlier. Italic Latin Italic Branch Oscan Umbrian  Latin gradually getting dominant.
  19. 19.  French, Spanish, Portuguese, Italic, prominent Romance language Romanian, Catalon, Galician, Rhaeto-Romanic, Wallon- minor Romanian 
  20. 20. Celtic  Language of the Celts in Gaul is known as Gallic  Goidelic or Gaelic Celts  Brythonic Celts  Cornish became extinct in the eighteenth century  Manx has died out since World War II  Gaelic is found in the Highlands and spoken by 75,000 people.
  21. 21.  Gaelic is found in the Highlands and spoken by 75,000 people.  Welsh is spoken about one-quarter of the people  Irish
  22. 22. THANK YOU TR

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