Connectivism Learning Theory EDIT 451: Survey of Instructional Media and Technology / Dr. Pearl Chen Wednesday, November 3, 2010 Nora Mossessian Renee Rodriquez Teresa Wu
Connectivism The idea that knowledge exists everywhere and is accessed and organized by the learner
Contributing Theories Behaviorism "Philosophy and values associated with the measurement and study of human behavior" (Reiser & Dempsey 11). Cognitivism "Learning is viewed as a process of inputs, managed in short term memory, and coded for long-term recall" (Siemens 3). Constructivism Vygotsky -2 important Elements: Language & Scaffolding Constructionism Papert - Learning occurs through learners' engaging in creative experimentation and activity (Kop & Hill 6).
Connectivism A newly developed theory of learning that started within the blogosphere in 2005 and from there has been, and continues to be, developed into a learning theory for the digital age
"Learning is a process that occurs within nebulous environments of shifting core elements – not entirely under the control of the individual" (Siemens 5).
Principles of Connectivism
Diversity of Options
Connecting nodes or information sources
Reside in non-human appliances
Capacity to know more
Nurturing & maintaining connections
Ability to see connections
Currency is the intent
Decision-making is a learning process
Application of Connectivism - Online Learning Asynchronous - students can access the online material at any time. Synchronous - Real time interaction between students and instructor.
Benefits of Online Learning
Individualized instruction and material designed based on learner's needs and current level of expertise
Promote deep, meaningful and contextual learning with constant support in the process
Instruction can incorporate strategies and theories from all three different schools of learning (Behaviorist, Cognitivist, and Constructionist)
Commonalities in Application of the Different Schools of Learning in Online Learning
Use of technology to highlight important information and facilitate maximum sensation.
Provide opportunities for learners to process, reflect and make the lesson relate to the learners
Learners are intrinsically motivated with extrinsic motivational support.
Material are inclusive of different learning styles
Simulation of real-life situations.
Learners are given opportunities to construct their own knowledge through collaborative and cooperative learning.
Learning process are interactive and promote higher level learning and social presence, and helps develop personal meaning.
Connectivism in the Classroom
Google Learning Suite - Docs, iGoogle, RSS, Scholar, etc.
Previous learning theories are sufficient; technology is merely an addition
Not a theory of instruction or learning, but a theory on curriculum/content
Really just a branch of constructivism with the addition of technology
~ Defending Connectivism ~
Previous learning theories were developed in a pre-digital era and are outdated
Network formation *is* learning; both content and context matter; new research taking place
It can complement constructivism; ability to co-exist with others
Many theories across disciplines support fostering connections
~ Useful Websites & Resources ~ *Connectivism: Networked and Social Learning George Siemens' WordPress on various connectivist and digital learning topics http://www.connectivism.ca *elearnspace George Siemens' main e-learning website, also contains a blog and several articles on the theory and related ideas. http://www.elearnspace.org *Stephen's Web Stephen Downes' website, also full of resources on connectivism and related topics http://www.downes.ca *Connectivism & Connective Knowledge Official website of the large online open course taught by Siemens/Downes in 2008 and 2009 on connectivism. Contains course recordings, transcripts, blogs, and wikis. http://ltc.umanitoba.ca/connectivism
~ Discussion + Q&A ~ ~Any questions or comments about this topic? What do you think of this theory? ~How do theories of learning, theories of instruction, and epistemological constructs (aka: definitions of knowledge) work together? ~What type of learning research can better support this theory?
~ Bibliography ~ Ally, M. (2004). Foundations of educational theory for online learning [Chapter 1]. Retrieved from http://cde.athabascau.ca/online_book/ch1.html Hamilton, B. (2009). Transforming information literacy for nowgen students. Knowledge Quest , 37 (5), 48-53. Kop, R., & Hill, A. (2008). Connectivism: Learning theory of the future or vestige of the past?. The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning , 9 (3), Retrieved from http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/523/1103 Reiser, R., & Dempsey, J. (2007). Trends and issues in instructional design and technology. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Merrill Prentice Hall. Siemens, G. (2004). Connectivism: A learning theory for the digital age . Retrieved from http://www.elearnspace.org/articles/connectivism.htm Siemens, G. (2005). Connectivism: Learning as network-creation . Retrieved from http://www.astd.org/LC/2005/1105_seimens.htm
~ Bibliography ~ (continued) Siemens, G. (2006). Connectivism: Learning theory or pastime for the self amused? Retrieved from http://www.elearnspace.org/articles/connectivism.htm Verhagen, P. (2006). Connectivism: A new learning theory?. Retrieved from http://www.surfspace.nl/nl/Redactieomgeving/Publicaties/Documents/Connectivism%20a%20new%20theory.pdf20theory.pdf