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  • 1. Connectivism Learning Theory EDIT 451: Survey of Instructional Media and Technology / Dr. Pearl Chen Wednesday, November 3, 2010 Nora Mossessian Renee Rodriquez Teresa Wu
  • 2. Connectivism The idea that knowledge exists everywhere and is accessed and organized by the learner
  • 3. Contributing Theories Behaviorism "Philosophy and values associated with the measurement and study of human behavior" (Reiser & Dempsey 11).   Cognitivism "Learning is viewed as a process of inputs, managed in short term memory, and coded for long-term recall" (Siemens 3).   Constructivism Vygotsky -2 important Elements: Language & Scaffolding   Constructionism Papert - Learning occurs through learners' engaging in creative experimentation and activity (Kop & Hill 6).  
  • 4. Connectivism A newly developed theory of learning that started within the blogosphere in 2005 and from there has been, and continues to be, developed into a learning theory for the digital age
  • 5. "Learning is a process that occurs within nebulous environments of shifting core elements – not entirely under the control of the individual" (Siemens 5).
  • 6. Principles of Connectivism • Diversity of Options • Connecting nodes or information sources • Reside in non-human appliances • Capacity to know more • Nurturing & maintaining connections • Ability to see connections • Currency is the intent • Decision-making is a learning process
  • 7. Application of Connectivism - Online Learning Asynchronous - students can access the online material at any time.   Synchronous - Real time interaction between students and instructor.  
  • 8. Benefits of Online Learning • Individualized instruction and material designed based on learner's needs and current level of expertise • Promote deep, meaningful and contextual learning with constant support in the process • Instruction can incorporate strategies and theories from all three different schools of learning (Behaviorist, Cognitivist, and Constructionist)
  • 9. Commonalities in Application of the Different Schools of Learning in Online Learning • Use of technology to highlight important information and facilitate maximum sensation. • Provide opportunities for learners to process, reflect and make the lesson relate to the learners • Learners are intrinsically motivated with extrinsic motivational support.
  • 10. Commonalities (con't) • Material are inclusive of different learning styles • Simulation of real-life situations. • Learners are given opportunities to construct their own knowledge through collaborative and cooperative learning.   • Learning process are interactive and promote higher level learning and social presence, and helps develop personal meaning. 
  • 11. Connectivism in the Classroom • Google Learning Suite - Docs, iGoogle, RSS, Scholar, etc. • Social Bookmarking - Delicious • PageCast - Pageflakes • Interactives - VoiceThread, Glogster, podcasting, wiki, • Study Tools - Quizlets, NoodleBib, Lingt
  • 12. ~ Critics Of Connectivism ~ • Previous learning theories are sufficient; technology is merely an addition   • Not a theory of instruction or learning, but a theory on curriculum/content   • Really just a branch of constructivism with the addition of technology
  • 13. ~ Defending Connectivism ~ • Previous learning theories were developed in a pre-digital era and are outdated   • Network formation *is* learning; both content and context matter; new research taking place   • It can complement constructivism; ability to co- exist with others   • Many theories across disciplines support fostering connections
  • 14. ~ Useful Websites & Resources ~ *Connectivism: Networked and Social Learning  George Siemens' WordPress on various connectivist and digital learning topics   *elearnspace George Siemens' main e-learning website, also contains a blog and several articles on the theory and related ideas.   *Stephen's Web Stephen Downes' website, also full of resources on connectivism and related topics   *Connectivism & Connective Knowledge Official website of the large online open course taught by Siemens/Downes in 2008 and 2009 on connectivism. Contains course recordings, transcripts, blogs, and wikis.
  • 15. ~ Discussion + Q&A ~ ~Any questions or comments about this topic? What do you think of this theory? ~How do theories of learning, theories of instruction, and epistemological constructs (aka: definitions of knowledge) work together? ~What type of learning research can better support this theory?
  • 16. ~ Bibliography ~ Ally, M. (2004). Foundations of educational theory for online learning [Chapter 1]. Retrieved from   Hamilton, B. (2009). Transforming information literacy for nowgen students. Knowledge Quest, 37 (5), 48-53.    Kop, R., & Hill, A. (2008). Connectivism: Learning theory of the future or vestige of the  past?. The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 9 (3), Retrieved from   Reiser, R., & Dempsey, J. (2007). Trends and issues in instructional design and technology. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Merrill Prentice Hall. Siemens, G. (2004). Connectivism: A learning theory for the digital age. Retrieved from   Siemens, G. (2005). Connectivism: Learning as network-creation. Retrieved from      
  • 17. ~ Bibliography ~ (continued) Siemens, G. (2006). Connectivism: Learning theory or pastime for the self amused? Retrieved from   Verhagen, P. (2006). Connectivism: A new learning theory?. Retrieved from %20a%20new%20theory.pdf20theory.pdf