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Fifty shades of green and gold: open access to scholarly information
Fifty shades of green and gold: open access to scholarly information
Fifty shades of green and gold: open access to scholarly information
Fifty shades of green and gold: open access to scholarly information
Fifty shades of green and gold: open access to scholarly information
Fifty shades of green and gold: open access to scholarly information
Fifty shades of green and gold: open access to scholarly information
Fifty shades of green and gold: open access to scholarly information
Fifty shades of green and gold: open access to scholarly information
Fifty shades of green and gold: open access to scholarly information
Fifty shades of green and gold: open access to scholarly information
Fifty shades of green and gold: open access to scholarly information
Fifty shades of green and gold: open access to scholarly information
Fifty shades of green and gold: open access to scholarly information
Fifty shades of green and gold: open access to scholarly information
Fifty shades of green and gold: open access to scholarly information
Fifty shades of green and gold: open access to scholarly information
Fifty shades of green and gold: open access to scholarly information
Fifty shades of green and gold: open access to scholarly information
Fifty shades of green and gold: open access to scholarly information
Fifty shades of green and gold: open access to scholarly information
Fifty shades of green and gold: open access to scholarly information
Fifty shades of green and gold: open access to scholarly information
Fifty shades of green and gold: open access to scholarly information
Fifty shades of green and gold: open access to scholarly information
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Fifty shades of green and gold: open access to scholarly information

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Presentation for Urban Research Utrecht, a research school at Utrecht University, on Open Access to scholarly information in geography and planning, focussing of advantages, disadvantges, various …

Presentation for Urban Research Utrecht, a research school at Utrecht University, on Open Access to scholarly information in geography and planning, focussing of advantages, disadvantges, various forms, costs and actions of stakeholders

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  • 1. basics and current situation beyond the pros and cons debate Jeroen Bosman, Utrecht University Library j.bosman@uu.nl @jeroenbosman slideshare.net/hierohiero 20130418
  • 2. • Frank van Learhoven • Rahel Nardos • Kees Volkers • Pieter van der Heijde
  • 3. Advantages of Open Access  Foster science by soliciting broader discussion and citation of published research  Foster the economy by easier access for small companies  Create goodwill for science among the general public  Reduce costs (in some models)  Foster science and education by making re-use easier (replication, data-sharing)
  • 4. The simple take on Open Access  Easy and free access for all to results of publicly funded research is a good thing  Authors should publish in Open Access journals (Gold OA) or at least share their papers in repositories (Green OA)  This is easy to do and ensures free access to all
  • 5. Fifty shades of open access ….. Type Subtype Who pays? Example Gold “Diamond” Institution (subsidy) Gold Gold, not for profit Author (fee) Int. J. of the Commons Gold Gold, for profit Author (fee) PLoS Gold Hybrid gold, for profit  Author (fee) + Library (subscription) in Nature Green Last author version in repository (embargo‟s) Library (subscription) in Igitur Green Pre-prints Library (subscription) ArXiv / SSRN / PeerJ preprints Green Working papers Working paper archive (institutional subsidy) in RepEc Green “Black” (sharing against copyright) Publisher via Academia
  • 6. Common option 1: Hybrid gold OA, for profit  Pay to read → pay to publish  Offered by most commercial publishers (e.g. Sage Open , Springer Open Choice, ...)  - no short term reduction in subscription prices  - extra costs  - expensive for research intensive universities  - wrong incentives for publishers?
  • 7. Common option 2: Green OA by depositing embargoed last author version in repository (Igitur)  No shift of payment  Embargo periods vary: 0-24 months  - no reduction of subscription prices
  • 8. Effects of models compared to subscription paywall Model: Effects on: Gold-PF: • Profit • full OA Gold-PH: • Profit • hybrid OA Gold-NP: • non- profit Green Pre-prints / working papers Cost reduction - (res. univ.) + (teach univ.) - + 0 +/- Public availability of research ++ + ++ + + Citability + + + +/- + Speed 0 0 0 0 ++ Re-use rights (CC) depends on publisher license + +/- +
  • 9. Official Utrecht University stance on OA  Supports OA, but favours publisher versions in the Igitur Archive  Offers OA funds to help finance gold OA publications, but not for hybrid model  Delegates execution of policy to library
  • 10. European Union stance on OA  FP7 Clause 39: >  Deposit in repository (institutional or OpenAire): “beneficiaries shall deposit an electronic copy of the published version or the final manuscript accepted for publication”  Make “best efforts” to have it available in OA within (12) months  Thus publish: ○ Gold OA ○ Green OA, i.e. with publishers that allow depositing in repositories (blue or green in Sherpa/Romeo)  Horizon 2020 (from 2014): gold OR green
  • 11. Overview of 48 funders‟ requirements 33 14 1 OA mandates Green/repository Green or Gold Gold preferred Source: Sparc (2013) Analysis of funder Open Access policies around the world a.o.:a.o.:
  • 12. Publisher‟s green OA policies  Overview on Sherpa/Romeo site >  a selection for geosciences & geography: Publisher author’s original accepted manuscript, after PR but unformatted published version AGU   6 m. embargo Cambridge UP   12 m. embargo Elsevier Science   12-24 m. embargo x Nature PG   6 m. embargo x Oxford UP  24 m. embargo x Pion   12 m. embargo x Sage   12 m. embargo x Springer   x Taylor & Francis   12-18 m. embargo x Wiley (Blackwell)   0-24 m. embargo x
  • 13. Gold OA article processing costs (APC)  Range $8-3900 acc. 2012 research >…  Per article or page ….  Different charges for various formats format (BibTex etc.), see e.g. Copernicus  If APC average <2000 GBP there are net savings according to JISC report „Going for gold‟ >  Placed against article influence by Eigenfactor.org >
  • 14. Article processing charges (APC‟s) publisher # jrnls # full OA APC (€) # hybrid jnls APC (€) Elsevier ~2800 39 400-4000 1500 400-4000 Oxford >250 13 ~1200 >100 ? Pion 7 1 ? 0 - Sage >700 13 ~1500 >600 1150-2300 Springer >2000 >360 1200-1800 >1500 2200 Taylor&Francis 1600 15 800-1200 700 2150 Wiley ~1500 22 1350 >1300 2300
  • 15. Who’s doing what? Funders - Mandates - repositories Trad. Publishers - Allowing green - Gold jnls, APC Libraries - Repositories - Consultancy - OA publishing Universities - OA stance - OA funds - Researcher profiles Learned societies - Lobby with publishers New OA publishers - New journals - New publ concepts YOU
  • 16. You can….  Submit papers to OA journals  Use funds from EU, NOW, UU  Deposit author versions in Igitur  Through Metis or directly using the UU author pages  Share through Mendeley or ResearchGate  Press publishers, refuse to hand over copyright  As editor‟s think about your role  Start a new OA journal
  • 17. Free full OA journals – human geography & planning  ACME – Scopus – free >  Asian Development review – Scopus - free  Cybergeo, European Journal of geography – Scopus – free >  Demographic Research (Max Planck) – Scopus/WoS – free >  European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research (TUD) – WoS – free >  Social Geography (Copernicus) – Scopus – waived >  Many more at DOAJ
  • 18. Directory of OA Journals >  Made by Lund Univ. Lib., currently led by IS4OA >  Almost exhaustive, not very selective  As yet no indication of  peer review  indexing in e.g. Scopus, WoS
  • 19. More OA journal lists with OA indication  Master journal list Scopus (some 1900 OA), subject, SNIP & more xls >  Alas no public list of (1200) OA journals in WoS  UBU Omega journal listings, also by subject  JournalTocs at Heriot Watt univ. also with subject lists
  • 20. Predatory publishers  Jeffrey Beall‟s list of >300 predatory publishers: >  OASPA code of conduct, 55 publishers >  How to check for scamminess: >  Editorial boards  Start year  DOAJ list
  • 21. Open Access books  Some predatory/questionable publishers  Not always agreements with Google Books for indexing  DOAB: directory of open access books >  Examples:
  • 22. Is scholarly communication “broken”? We cannot read everything • Nanopubs, smart abstracts • Ref systems, Mendeley Publishing takes too long • Pre-print servers SSRN etc • PloS / eLife review model Communication is not open and too sparse • Open peer review • Working paper platforms • Blogging, Tweeting People cannot find my stuff • author disambiguation • profiles • own site • UU author pages • Upload in Igitur
  • 23. Things are changing, ball is on your side read feature in Nature issue 7442 >
  • 24. THANK YOU! Jeroen Bosman @jeroenbosman
  • 25. Links and refs  Beall‟s list of predatory publishers  Directory of Open Access Journals  Eigenfactor article influence versus APC‟s  EU FP7 Open Access clause  JISC report „Going for gold‟ (2012)  Nature feature on future of publishing (2013)  Open Access Publishers code of conduct  Scopus Journal list  Utrecht University Library – LibGuide Open Access

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