Three Literacy Frameworks • Func>onal – “reﬂected in a curriculum that teaches students the skills deemed necessary to successfully par>cipate in school and society” • Cultural – “teaching of morals and values, with a curriculum that includes the classics or ‘Great Books’” • Progressive – “engage in the process of learning to read and write based on themes and topics of interest to students, with vocabulary related to their lives” Cadiero-‐Kaplan, K. (2002). Literacy Ideologies: Cri>cally Engaging the Language Arts Curriculum. Language Arts, 79(5), 372–381.
Three (Other) Frameworks Kucer, S. B. (2001). Dimensions of literacy: a conceptual base for teaching reading and wri9ng in school se:ngs. Psychology Press. “[i]f literacy educa>on is to be eﬀec>ve, it is important that literacy be conceived as dynamic and mul>dimensional in nature” Lankshear, C., & Knobel, M. (2007). New Literacies: Everyday Prac9ces and Classroom Learning (2nd Ed.). Berkshire, England/New York, NY: Open University Press/McGraw-‐Hill. “diﬀerent (new) ways of thinking about the world and responding to it” The New London Group. A pedagogy of mul$literacies: Designing social futures. In B. Cope & M. Kalantzis (Eds.), Mul9literacies: Literacy learning and the design of social futures (pp. 9-‐37). London ; New York: Routledge. “Texts are designed using the range of historically available choices among diﬀerent modes of meaning”
An Integrative Approach • For Reading • Whole-‐class text • Literature circles • SSR (sustained silent, self-‐selected reading) • For Wri>ng • Examining mentor texts • Inquiry-‐based research • Wri>ng workshop • For Listening and Speaking • Mul>media composi>on • Project and porlolio-‐based assessment
Rethinking Of Mice And Men • Before Reading • Develop inquiry ques>ons • Model “think alouds” for both content and comprehension • During Reading • Mini-‐lessons in literary devices and analysis • Text pairing • Literature circles • Amer Reading • Dynamic readings • Performa>ve assessments • Mul>modal composi>ons
Recommendations • For Reading and Literature • Integrate content area literacy strategies and young adult literature • For Wri>ng and Composi>on • Develop skills in informa>onal and argumenta>ve wri>ng, not just responses to literature • Invite mul>media composi>on • For Teaching and Learning • Create inquiry-‐driven curriculum and instruc>on Hicks, T., & Steﬀel, S. (2012). Learning with Text in English/Language Arts. In T. L. Jeoon & C. Shanahan (Eds.), Adolescent Literacy in the Academic Disciplines General Principles and Prac9cal Strategies. Guilford Press. Print.
Image Credits • Of Mice and Men Book Cover and Movie Poster: Wikipedia • Teacher Photo: hop://www.prm.eku.edu/Update/photos/2006-‐oct-‐02/ try_teaching5.jpg • Wri>ng Photo: hop://www.monash.edu.au/lls/llonline/assets/images/ wri>ng/essay/home.jpg • Kucer Cover: hop://img51.imageporter.com/i/00354/1vdstv2>zk_t.jpg • Knobel and Lankshear Chart: hop://borderland.northernattude.org/wp-‐content/ posts_images/mindsets.gif • New London Group Chart: hop://wik.ed.uiuc.edu/images/0/02/Mul>modal.jpg