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Introduction to Forest Gardening
 

Introduction to Forest Gardening

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  • --Ubiquitous in tropical world, likely predating annual crop agriculture by many millennia.
  • Pseudo-Domesticates
  • Milkweed – TomWessels – germination of Old World vs. New World “weed” species – intervale prairies. There is more to these plants than meets the eye.

Introduction to Forest Gardening Introduction to Forest Gardening Presentation Transcript

  • Introduction to Forest Gardening
    Designing Regenerative Perennial Agriculture
    Thanks to: Ethan Roland, Jonathan Bates, Kat Anderson, Dave Jacke
  • A Vision of Forest Gardening
    here it is
  • The Roots of Forest Gardening
  • Tending the Wild Across North America
    Kat Anderson spent 17 years interviewing native elders from around California.
    Their stories illustrate whole-ecosystem caretaking based on agroforestry and managing wild plant and animal populations for harvest.
    Analagous patterns are found in the history (and sometimes present day) of every inhabited ecosystem in North America.
  • Soaproot – Chlorogalum spp.
    A “wild” plant physiologically
    adapted to human harvesting
    and use.
  • Pseudo-Domesticates in the Northeast?
  • Desired Conditions for FG’s
    Overyielding Polycultures
    Self-Renewing Fertility
    Sustainable Water Demand
    Minimal Herbivory
    Healthy Plants
    Directed Succession
    Minimal Competition
  • Forest Garden Design
  • Potential FG Products
    Food
    Fuel
    Fiber
    Fodder
    Fertilizer
    “Farmaceuticals”
    FUN
    (and more…)
  • Ecological Functions
    Nitrogen Fixers
    Dynamic Accumulators
    Beneficial Insectaries
    Aromatic Pest Confusers
    Cross-Pollination Clusters
    Other Beneficial Wildlife Habitat
    Microclimate Contributors
  • Polyculture Design
    Food
    Tea/
    Medicine/
    Insectary
    Ground
    Cover/
    Nitrogen
    Fixer
    Food/Medicine/
    Insectary
  • Food/Medicine/Insectary
    Food/
    Aromatic
    Pest
    Confuser
    Ground
    Cover/
    Medicine/
    Fertilizer/
    Insectary/
    Beneficial
    Habitat
    Food/Insectary
    Food
  • Larger-Scale Forest Garden Design
  • Forest Garden Design Process
    Goals
    Assessment
    Design
    Reality Checking
    Implementation
    Evaluation
    Re-Envisioning….
  • Or….just start planting!
  • A Radical Idea: STEP INTO ACTION
    “You Have FullAuthorityto Improve Creation!” – Geoff Lawton
    …no matter how small
    your wheelbarrow!
  • Humans are Keystone Species
    There’s a learning curve in all phases of design.
    There’s an unlearning curve in how we relate to our habitat – cultural views of people and nature as separate.
    As permaculture designers, we are building relationship with our role as ecosystem managers.
  • Forest Gardening Resources
  • References on Ecology and Reading the Landscape
    Reading the Forested Landscape – Tom Wessels
    Sierra Club Naturalist’s Guide to your region
    Peterson’s Field Guide: Ecology (Eastern or Western)
    Northern Woodlands magazine
    Local old-timers: farmers, foresters, maple tappers, herbalists, hunters…
  • References on Indigenous Land Use
    Tending the Wild – M. Kat Anderson
    1491 – Charles Mann
    Changes in the Land – William Cronon
    Enduring Seeds – Gary Paul Nabhan
    The Voice of the Dawn – Frederick Matthew Wiseman
    …and ultimately, the elders themselves.