Tom Hickey, Jess Higgins, Matt Kim, Aarsh Sachdeva, Adit PatelT202/3Mr. Wedoff3/3/11 Pringles Challenge Research PaperPostal Service: Types of Shipping: The two types of shipping from the U.S. Postal Service are Domestic shipping and International shipping. Domestic shipping is shipping a package in the U.S. International shipping is shipping something to another country. For this project we will be using Domestic shipping. Domestic: 1) Express Mail: The average delivery time of express mail is overnight for most locations. The prices on this shipping can range from $13.25 to $325.80 depending on the size of the package. The maximum weight allowed is 70 pounds. In addition to this, the package may not be more than 108 inches in combined length and girth. There is also an addition $12.50 fee for shipping on Sundays or holidays. 2) Priority Mail: The average delivery time of priority mail is 1-3 days. The pricing on shipping differs because of the different types of packages, and how much the package weighs. The types of packages are envelopes, and boxes. The prices on the envelopes are all $4.95, and the prices of the boxes range from $10.95 to $14.95. The price also varies with the weight. The weight range is 1 to 70 pounds, and the price ranges from $5.10 to $116.65. 3) First-Class Mail: The average delivery time of first-class mail is 1-3 days. The price of shipping differs because of the type and size of package, and also the weight of the package. The three types of packages are letters, large envelopes, and packages. For letters the weight ranges from 1 ounce to 3.5 ounces, and the pricing ranges from $0.44 to $0.95. The letters are rectangular, and must be at least 3 1/2 inches high, 5 inches long, and 0.007 inch thick. It may not exceed 6 1/8 inches in height, 11 1/2 inches in length, and may not be more than 1/4 inch thick. For the large envelopes the weight ranges from 1 ounce to 13 ounces, and the pricing ranges from $0.88 to $2.92. The package is rectangular, and may not be more than 12 inches high,
15 inches long, and 3/4 inches thick. For the packages the weight limit ranges from 1 ounce to 13 ounces, and the prices range from $1.22 to $3.26. The total combined length of the package may not exceed 108 inches. 4) Parcel Post: The average delivery time for parcel post shipping is 2-8 days. The price of shipping the package depends on the weight and the distance the package is shipped. The price ranges from $4.90 to $107.16. The package may not weight more than 70 pounds, and may not be more than 130 inches in combined length and girth. It costs more to ship packages that are more than 108 inches in combined length. 5) Media Mail: This type of shipping is meant for only book, film, manuscripts, sound recordings, videotapes, and computer readable media. This type of shipping will not be of use to us for our project. 6) Library Mail: This type of mail is only meant for books, sound recordings, and academic theses. Therefore, this type of shipping will also be of no use to us for this project. Packages: By looking at the "Pringles Packaging Rubric" I was able to find out that the four types of packages that we will be using are: 1) USPS Flat Rate Envelope Package 12.5" x 9.5” 2) USPS Small Flat Rate Box5-3/8” x 8-5/8” x 1-5/8” 3) USPS Medium Flat Rate Box 11" X 8.5" X 5.5" 4) USPS Large Flat Rate Box 12” x 12” x 5-1/2”Materials: The possible materials that we would use for this project are Jell-O, packaging peanuts, jam, bubble wrap, pudding, a Pringles chip, saran wrap, and any of the four size packages that are listed in the "Packages" section which is located in the "Postal Service" section. Jell-O: The Jell-O is a somewhat shock absorbent material that may be useful if the package that our Pringles chip was in got dropped or bounced around a little while being shipped.
Packaging peanuts: The Packaging peanuts would also be used as a shock absorber in case our package were to be treated badly the packing peanuts would hopefully protect the chip. Jam: The jam is just another product that we could use as a shock absorber instead of Jell-O. It holds the same purpose, but it is not quite as viscous as the Jell-O. Bubble Wrap: We would use the bubble wrap to surround the Pringles chip. This would mean that the bubble wraps purpose would be to absorb any shock that occurs from the result of our package being dropped or mishandled. Pudding: The pudding is another substitute for the Jell-O which would serve a shock absorber. Pringles Chip: The Pringles chip is the item that we will be shipping. It must arrive at the destination intact. Saran Wrap: We would use the saran wrap to wrap our chip in. This will allow the chip to stay dry so it does not break as easily. In addition to this, the saran wrap will also provide another layer of protection for the chip. Package: This is what we will place our chip in so it can be shipped to its destination. Styrofoam: This would be used as a mould for the Pringles chip. It would provide safety to the chip so it will be less likely to break. Air Filled Plastic: The air filled plastic will cushion the Pringles chip so it will be less likely to crack or break during shipping.Viable Solutions: 1) Our first idea was to fill up one of the packages halfway vertically with either Jell-O, pudding, packaging peanuts, jam, or bubble wrap. After this was done, take the Pringles chip and securely wrap it in the saran wrap. Next, take the Pringles chip that is in saran wrap and place it inside of the package so the chip is laying horizontally. Then, continue to fill the package to the top. Once it is full seal the package shut. 2) Our second idea was to heat up a Pringles chip, and then place it on a piece of Styrofoam facing down, and then very gently push down on the chip so the chip will make a mould in the Styrofoam. After you do this with one piece of Styrofoam heat the chip up again and place it in the mould. Then get another piece of Styrofoam and push very gently down on the chip, but make sure the two pieces of Styrofoam are lined up very precisely. After this, take the chip out of the Styrofoam and cut it to fit the package. Then place the chip back in the mould, and place the mould into the package. Once you do this, seal the package shut. 3) Our third idea was to take the air filled plastic and place it in our package. Fill up the package halfway vertically and then place the Pringle chip so the bottom curved part is over the apex of the curve on the air filled plastic. After this is done, continue
filling the package with these until it is full. Last, seal the package closed.Calculations: 1) Volume of Envelope: This will be needed to know in case we use this package so we will know how much Jell-O, pudding, or Jam we will need. There is no definite height since the envelope has an apex and is somewhat rounded on the top and bottom. We will substitute a variable in the place of the actual height. h=height 12.5"*9.5"*h=118.75*h"^3 2) Volume of Small Flat Rate Box: This will be needed to know in case we use this package so we will know how much Jell-O, pudding, or Jam we will need. 5.375"*8.625"*1.625"=75.334"^3 3)Volume of Medium Flat Rate Box: This will be needed to know in case we use this package so we will know how much Jell-O, pudding, or Jam we will need. 11"*8.5"*5.5"=514.25"^3 4) Volume of Large Flat Rate Box: This will be needed to know in case we use this package so we will know how much Jell-O, pudding, or Jam we will need. 12"*12"*5.5"=792"^3 5)Converting cubic inches to cups so we will know how much Jell-O, pudding, or gel to put in the package. A) Envelope: (118.75*h)"^3*(16.387g/1"^3)*(0.035 ounces/1g)*(16 pints/1 ounce)* (2 cups/1 pint)=2179.471 cups B) Small Flat Rate Box: 75.334"^3*(16.387g/1"^3)*(0.035 ounces/1g)*(16 pints/1 ounce)* (2 cups/1 pint)=1382.638 cups C) Medium Flat Rate Box: 514.25"^3*(16.387g/1"^3)*(0.035 ounces/1g)*(16 pints/1 ounce)* (2 cups/1 pint)=9438.256 cups
D) Large Flat Rate Box: 792"^3*(16.387g/1"^3)*(0.035 ounces/1g)*(16 pints/1 ounce)* (2 cups/1 pint)=14535.924 cups Bibliography"Prices." United States Postal Services. United States Postal Services. Web. 3/3/11."Conversion Formulas." Conversion Formulas | Select Carrier Group. CEVA Ground. Web 3/3/11."Convert grams to cubic inch - Conversion of Measurement Units" Convert grams to cubic inch Conversion of Measurement Units. Web. 3/3/11.