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Motivation

Motivation

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Motivation  ppt Motivation ppt Presentation Transcript

  • Motivation Presented by Hiba Armouche
  • Motivation Many of the differences in employee motivation, management styles, and organizational structures of companies throughout the world can be traced to differences in the collective mental programming of people in different national cultures. (Hofstede, 1980)
  • Theories of Human Motivation All people are motivated to pursue goals they value the five senses  Sigmund Freud Abraham Maslow Frederick Herzberg David McClelland Victor Vroom View slide
  • Sigmund Freud Id Ego Superego View slide
  • McClelland Achievement Motive Power Motive
  • Victor Vroom Expectancy ( Conscious) Effort Performance Specific Outcome: Value to the individual
  • Abraham Maslow SelfActualizat ion Esteem Social Security Physiological
  • Herzberg Hygienic : salary, interpersonal relations, technical supervision, working conditions, and company policies and administration ( Maslow’s Lower needs) Motivators: achievement, recognition, responsibility, advancement, and the work itself ( Maslow’s higher needs)
  • Let’s look at these theories through Conscious culture-conscious glasses Culture culture Conscious
  • U.S.A: Achievement 1- Low on Power Distance 2- Low in Uncertainty Avoidance 3- High in Individualism Achievement Motive (McClelland and Maslow) 4- High in Masculinity Performance Satisfaction of some need Expectancy Theory - Selfinterest - Conscious ( Vroom) + Risk
  • Austria: Security Motivation Comfortable - Security 1- Low on Power Distance “we” “Society” Superego (Freud) 2- High on Uncertainty Avoidance 3- Low on Individualism 4- High on Masculinity Working hard is a way of relieving stress Inner feeling of obligation: Unconscious (Freud) Performance + Security
  • Singapore: Social motivation 1- High power distance 2- Low uncertainty Avoidance 3- Low Individualism 4- Low Masculinity Quality of life + SocietySuperego : Freud Relationship between people + Risk
  • Portugal: Security and Social Needs 1- High Power Distance 2- High Uncertainty Avoidance 3- Low Individuality 4- Low Masculinity Quality of life + Security Rather than on Performance and Money
  • Lebanon Power Distance Uncertainty avoidance Individualism Masculinity
  • Thank You hiba.armouche@yahoo.com www.facebook.com/TrainerHibaArmouche