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Development of Social Studies Curriculum in
Turkey and John Dewey’s Effect
on the Modernization of Turkish Education
Slide...
Outline
 Introduction
 History of Social Studies Curriculum in 2 different eras:
1- Ottoman Era.
2- Republican Era.
The...
• What are the characteristics of Turkish social studies program and its
historical development and progress?
• Why did At...
The Ottoman Era
Curricula were grouped into 3 faculties
1- Religion or Law : Tafsir, Hadith, Fiqh, Kelam
2- The Natural Sc...
The Ottoman Era
• Languages
Arabic : the Language of instruction
Ulema ( Versed in Arabic)
Juchela, speaking Turkish
Other...
The Ottoman Era
The philosophy of the educational system was based
on Islamic principles and Turkish traditions.
1- Mektep...
The Ottoman Era
Priest-preachers, state functionaries, and kadis of cities
and towns were all madrasa graduates
Teachers w...
The Ottoman Era
Most of the educational systems in the world are similar in
that they aim at “the preparation of a good ci...
The Ottoman Era
During the decline of the Ottoman State :17th
century
change and “Westernize” the Ottoman State and its
ed...
The Ottoman officials selected its first student for further
study in Western Europe.
They become the leading teachers in ...
“During the famous Tanzimat era (1839-1876),
a Ministry of Education was established (1857).
The Ottoman Era
Hiba Armouche
The Ottoman Era
Reorganization of the Ottoman state school Some
pioneering work in girls’ education was initiated.
Muslim ...
During the last decade of the Ottoman
Empire (1908-1918), in the second
constitutional period (Mesrutiyet)—
a pedagogical ...
The Republican Era
1924; 1926, 1930, 1932,
1936, 1948,1962, 1968,
1989, 1993, 1999 and 2005.
Hiba Armouche
The Republican Era
1924
Essentialist perspective, teacher and text-book
oriented.
creating new and loyal citizens by using...
The Republican Era
1926
Shaped by John Dewey. Pragmatism: education related
to real life.
The Turkish Board of Education w...
The Republican Era
1932- 1936- 1948
Some principles added: best mental and physical habits.
Turkish revolution and conscio...
The Republican Era
1962
Society and Country Studies: History, geography and Civics.
Hiba Armouche
The Republican Era
1968
Student-centered
Social studies curriculum create citizens believing
that Turkish Republic is a na...
The Republican Era
Subjects emphasized:
The importance of Central Asia in the formation of
civilizations.
The roles Turks ...
The Republican Era
1998
Behaviorist approach. Efficiency, goals and objectives
specified.
Nationalism, secularism, patriot...
The Republican Era
2005
Progressive + constructivist + EU process.
Performance based assessment. Process of learning rathe...
The Republican Era
1- Universality and equality
2- Fulfillment of individual and social needs
3- Freedom to choice
4- Righ...
8- Education for democracy
9- Secularism
10- Scientific approach
11- Educational planning
12- Co-education
13- School-pare...
The Impact of John Dewey on Turkish
Educational System
John Dewey:
Philosophical pragmatism. Progressive movement.
America...
Dewey rejected the notion that a child’s education
should be viewed as merely a preparation for civil
life, during which d...
The Impact of John Dewey on Turkish
Educational System
Ataturk invited John Dewey
Dewey’s reports:
1- No need to rush
2- S...
The great weakness of almost all schools, a weakness
not confined in any sense to Turkey, is the separation of
school stud...
Chicago Turkey
Historical presuppositions, being of
Turkish, Westernized (Modernized) or Islamic origin.
The Impact of Joh...
References
Tarman, B. (2011). Development of social Studies
curriculum in Turkey and John Dewey’s effect on
The modernizat...
Thank You
Hiba Armouche
hiba.armouche@yahoo.com
www.facebook.com/TrainerHibaArmouche
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Development of the Turkish Curriculum and the Impact of John Dewey on the Modernization of Turkey ppt presented by Hiba Armouche

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Development of Social Studies Curriculum in Turkey and John Dewey’s Effect
on the Modernization of Turkish Education-
a ppt of an article written by Tarman, B. (2011).
The influence of John Dewey on the Turkish Curriculum.

Published in: Education, Spiritual
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Transcript of "Development of the Turkish Curriculum and the Impact of John Dewey on the Modernization of Turkey ppt presented by Hiba Armouche"

  1. 1. Development of Social Studies Curriculum in Turkey and John Dewey’s Effect on the Modernization of Turkish Education Slideshow by Hiba Armouche December 2012 Hiba Armouche
  2. 2. Outline  Introduction  History of Social Studies Curriculum in 2 different eras: 1- Ottoman Era. 2- Republican Era. The impact of John Dewey on the Turkish educational system Hiba Armouche
  3. 3. • What are the characteristics of Turkish social studies program and its historical development and progress? • Why did Atatürk invite John Dewey to examine and analyze the Turkish educational system other than someone else? • What was his importance? • What is his educational philosophy? • What was his role in and contribution to modernization of the Turkish Educational system? Hiba Armouche Introduction
  4. 4. The Ottoman Era Curricula were grouped into 3 faculties 1- Religion or Law : Tafsir, Hadith, Fiqh, Kelam 2- The Natural Sciences: Rational sciences, philosophy, mathematics and astronomy. 3- The instrumental sciences: Logic, rhetoric, eloquence, writing and esthetics. Hiba Armouche
  5. 5. The Ottoman Era • Languages Arabic : the Language of instruction Ulema ( Versed in Arabic) Juchela, speaking Turkish Other spoken Turkish languages Hiba Armouche
  6. 6. The Ottoman Era The philosophy of the educational system was based on Islamic principles and Turkish traditions. 1- Mektep ( primary school) Madrasa (university) 2- Palace School: for the Elite. Hiba Armouche
  7. 7. The Ottoman Era Priest-preachers, state functionaries, and kadis of cities and towns were all madrasa graduates Teachers were graduate of special programs ( Arabic,literature, rhetorics…) Teachers were the accepted and respected members of community. Hiba Armouche
  8. 8. The Ottoman Era Most of the educational systems in the world are similar in that they aim at “the preparation of a good citizen ( nationalistic, narrow in scope) While The Turkish educational system was based on Islamic education. Islam takes a much broader view of the function of the education and concentrates mainly on “the development of a good human being” Hiba Armouche
  9. 9. The Ottoman Era During the decline of the Ottoman State :17th century change and “Westernize” the Ottoman State and its educational institutions. Reform, modernization, change, and westernization of the educational system have become part of the Turkish social, political, and educational life. Hiba Armouche
  10. 10. The Ottoman officials selected its first student for further study in Western Europe. They become the leading teachers in the military schools Hiba Armouche The Ottoman Era
  11. 11. “During the famous Tanzimat era (1839-1876), a Ministry of Education was established (1857). The Ottoman Era Hiba Armouche
  12. 12. The Ottoman Era Reorganization of the Ottoman state school Some pioneering work in girls’ education was initiated. Muslim world was founded with the Darülfünun (1900) in Istanbul. Hiba Armouche
  13. 13. During the last decade of the Ottoman Empire (1908-1918), in the second constitutional period (Mesrutiyet)— a pedagogical method with emphasis upon terbiye, (i.e., didacticism and education, rather than maarif (knowledge), was fostered” Hiba Armouche The Ottoman Era
  14. 14. The Republican Era 1924; 1926, 1930, 1932, 1936, 1948,1962, 1968, 1989, 1993, 1999 and 2005. Hiba Armouche
  15. 15. The Republican Era 1924 Essentialist perspective, teacher and text-book oriented. creating new and loyal citizens by using new values like nationalism, change, westernization and refusing dominance of religion. General Turkish History was given more importance than the histories of Islam and Ottoman Empire. Hiba Armouche
  16. 16. The Republican Era 1926 Shaped by John Dewey. Pragmatism: education related to real life. The Turkish Board of Education was founded. with the aim of developing improved teaching programs. Life studies: history, geography, civics, science and nature classes. Hiba Armouche
  17. 17. The Republican Era 1932- 1936- 1948 Some principles added: best mental and physical habits. Turkish revolution and consciousness of citizenship were highly emphasized in the social studies curriculum. Hiba Armouche
  18. 18. The Republican Era 1962 Society and Country Studies: History, geography and Civics. Hiba Armouche
  19. 19. The Republican Era 1968 Student-centered Social studies curriculum create citizens believing that Turkish Republic is a national, democratic and social country based on human rights, and that Turkish Republic has an indivisible integrity with its land and people, and is a creative member of the world community. “Social Studies”.
  20. 20. The Republican Era Subjects emphasized: The importance of Central Asia in the formation of civilizations. The roles Turks played. Contributions that Turks made to Islam. Turkish history in the 11th century. The ottoman Empire- its development, culture and civilization was omitted. Reformation in the Ottoman Empire in the 17th Century. World war l. The war of independence. Ataturk Hiba Armouche
  21. 21. The Republican Era 1998 Behaviorist approach. Efficiency, goals and objectives specified. Nationalism, secularism, patriotism, republicanism. EU norms and Western perspective affected the construction of the program. Hiba Armouche
  22. 22. The Republican Era 2005 Progressive + constructivist + EU process. Performance based assessment. Process of learning rather than results. Critical thinking, open-mindedness. Student-centered Teacher as a guide rather than a transmitter of the knowledge. Hiba Armouche
  23. 23. The Republican Era 1- Universality and equality 2- Fulfillment of individual and social needs 3- Freedom to choice 4- Right to education 5- Equality and opportunity 6- Education for all throughout life 7- Adherence to Ataturk’s reform principles Principles of the Turkish Educational System Hiba Armouche
  24. 24. 8- Education for democracy 9- Secularism 10- Scientific approach 11- Educational planning 12- Co-education 13- School-parent cooperation 14- Education everywhere (as supplementary to schooling) The Republican Era Hiba Armouche
  25. 25. The Impact of John Dewey on Turkish Educational System John Dewey: Philosophical pragmatism. Progressive movement. American psychologist, philosopher, educator, social critic, and political activist. Democracy, whole child, student-centered Hiba Armouche
  26. 26. Dewey rejected the notion that a child’s education should be viewed as merely a preparation for civil life, during which disjoint facts and ideas are conveyed by the teacher and memorized by the student only to be utilized later on. The Impact of John Dewey on Turkish Educational System Hiba Armouche
  27. 27. The Impact of John Dewey on Turkish Educational System Ataturk invited John Dewey Dewey’s reports: 1- No need to rush 2- Start with teachers improvement Hiba Armouche
  28. 28. The great weakness of almost all schools, a weakness not confined in any sense to Turkey, is the separation of school studies from the actual life of children and the conditions and opportunities of the environment. The school comes to be isolated and what is done there does not seem to the pupils to have anything to do with the real life around them, but to form a separate and artificial world. The Impact of John Dewey on Turkish Educational System Hiba Armouche
  29. 29. Chicago Turkey Historical presuppositions, being of Turkish, Westernized (Modernized) or Islamic origin. The Impact of John Dewey on Modernization of Turkey Hiba Armouche
  30. 30. References Tarman, B. (2011). Development of social Studies curriculum in Turkey and John Dewey’s effect on The modernization of Turkish education. International Journal of Progressive Education, 7(1), 45-60. Hiba Armouche
  31. 31. Thank You Hiba Armouche hiba.armouche@yahoo.com www.facebook.com/TrainerHibaArmouche
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