Petra Photo Album Web Ppt


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Petra Photo Album Web Ppt

  1. 1. PETRA PHOTO ALBUM <ul><li>December 2008 </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>PETRA </li></ul><ul><li>An ancient Nabataean city in western Jordan with massive facades carved out of red sandstone </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Petra’ is the Greek word for ‘rock’ </li></ul><ul><li>Petra was probably Sela (‘rock’) or Mount Seir in the Old Testament </li></ul><ul><li>She was inhabited around 1200 BCE by the Edomites who were known as Idumeans in New Testament times </li></ul><ul><li>The Idumeans were later displaced by the Nabataeans whose greatest king was Aretas IV (9 BCE to 40 CE) </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>The view from our room balcony at the Crowne Plaza Resort; it overlooks the Petra mountains </li></ul>
  4. 4. 3 ways into Petra <ul><li>1. Ride a horse </li></ul>2. Ride a horse carriage 3. Walk
  5. 5. <ul><li>A bilingual (Nabataean & Greek) inscription at the Bab as-Siq (‘gate of the Siq’); it mentions burials made by Abdmanku for his family (40-70 CE), probably referring to the adjacent Obelisk Tomb </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>The Obelisk Tomb shows Egyptian, Greek, & Nabataean influences </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>The dam on the left protected the entrance of the Siq from the floods </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>2 rock-cut channels brought water from the Ain Musa (‘spring of Moses’ or the place where Moses struck a rock with his staff and water gushed out) into Petra; the channel on the left was for non-drinking purposes </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>The channel on the right was for drinking and was lined with clay pipes </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>The Siq </li></ul><ul><li>a 2-km passage into the city </li></ul><ul><li>the rocks on both sides could rise up to 80 m high </li></ul>the 2 water channels continue all the way into the city
  11. 11. <ul><li>Along the siq are betyls or imageless stone god-blocks </li></ul><ul><li>These were representations of Du Shara (‘god of the Shara mountains’) </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>A life-size carving of a man & his camel—signs of camel caravans </li></ul><ul><li>Petra was an important trading city for spices as she was located at the intersection between the south-north trade route from Arabia & Egypt to the Mediterranean ports, and the westward trade route from the Far East </li></ul>the water channel on the left
  13. 13. <ul><li>After much walking, we caught a glimpse of the Khaznat el-Faroun (‘Treasury of the Pharaoh’) glowing in the morning sun </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>It was believed that Pharaoh left his treasures in the urn at the top of the façade </li></ul><ul><li>However, this was probably a royal tomb than a treasury </li></ul><ul><li>This building was featured in the movie, ‘Indiana Jones & the Last Crusade </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>One of the rooms in the Treasury—probably a burial chamber </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>1. Ride a donkey </li></ul><ul><li>2. Ride a camel </li></ul>From here onwards, there are 3 modes of transport 3. Walk
  17. 17. <ul><li>Bedouins used to live in these caves till the government resettled them in the 1980s </li></ul><ul><li>A well that still works </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>The Bedouins agreed to move as they were given the exclusive right to sell souvenir products in Petra </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>The sand bottle uses the colourful sand found in the caves </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>The Uneishu Tomb—the ‘steps’ or ‘stairs’ indicate Assyrian influence </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>The Romans occupied Petra in 106 CE and began to build theatres, temples, etc., rather than tombs </li></ul><ul><li>The decline of the city began with an earthquake in 363 CE </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>The Urn Tomb </li></ul><ul><li>Key feature: urn </li></ul><ul><li>This was used as a church during the Byzantine times </li></ul><ul><li>The Silk Tomb </li></ul><ul><li>Key feature: multi colours </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Top: </li></ul><ul><li>The Palace Tomb </li></ul><ul><li>Key feature: look of a Hellenistic palace </li></ul><ul><li>Left: </li></ul><ul><li>The Corinthian Tomb </li></ul><ul><li>Key feature: Corinthian capitals </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>The Treasury, looking rather subdued at dusk </li></ul><ul><li>What we saw was only a few tombs out of the 800 carved tombs and about 15% of the whole city </li></ul><ul><li>We walked a total of 8.4 km </li></ul><ul><li>By the end of the day, we were literally covered from head to toe with the sand of Petra </li></ul>