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    Ch. 7 notes Ch. 7 notes Presentation Transcript

    • The Church and the Empire
      Chapter 7
    • St. Augustine and the Kingdom
      St. Augustine—Roman monk
      Video biography
      Queen Berta—Queen of Kent, a Christian
      King Ethelbert—Berta’s pagan husband
      Read scene on page 114
    • St. Augustine cont’d
      Not the same Augustine as St. Augustine of Hippo
      St. Augustine needed the support of a leader to spread Jesus’ message of love
      Queen Berta is open to change and positive about the mission
      King Ethelbert is resistant but believes Augustine’s sincerity
      What does Augustine mean when he says, “True faith cannot be forced”?
      What was Pope Gregory’s advice to Augustine?
    • Pope Gregory and the Empire
      Pope in 590 AD
      Negotiated for peace with barbarians, converted to Christianity
      Barbarians used symbols to worship pagan gods, Christians used symbolism as well
      Celebrating feasts
      Honoring saints
      Rituals
      Traditions
      Barbarians encouraged
      by the parallel of practices
    • Leadership of the Church
      Byzantine emperor Justinian created civil laws
      Ruled 527 AD
      Canon Law—collection of laws of the Catholic Church
      Church as a leader
      Education
      Music
      Art
      Political
      Spiritual
      Christendom—growth in authority of the church
    • Pope Leo III
      8th century, Charlemagne helped stop attacks
      Charlemagne, king of the Franks, united much of Western Europe
      800 AD, Charlemagne was crowned Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire by Pope Leo
      How does this act differ from the society in which we live today?
    • Christianity and Authority
      Church and government were one
      Natural law—foundation of moral life for everyone, allows us to know the difference between good and evil
      God’s law written upon the heart
      Just laws arise from natural law
    • Daily Struggle to be Christian
      In America we have separation of church and state
      Some American values conflict with Christian principles
      Examples:
      How can you stay true to your faith amongst these struggles?
    • Daily Struggle cont’d
      When we persist through struggles, we bear our own cross as Jesus carried the cross during the Passion
      Jesus predicted his Passion when asking his disciples to carry their own cross
      “If you try to save your life, you will lose it. But if you lose your life for my sake, you will save it.”
      What does this quote mean?
      We must follow both civil laws and God’s laws/Jesus’ example
    • Beowulf
      8th century story
      Uses both pagan and Christian elements
      story where Beowulf killed a monster, his mother and dragon to defend a kingdom
      Pagan elements
      Sacrificing to idols
      Relying on omens
      Believing in fate
      Taking revenge
      Christlike
      Battled evil monsters as Jesus battled the evils of sin
      Beowulf gave up his life to save others
    • Our Church Teaches
      Natural Law is the most important law
      Civil Law should promote virtue, equality, justice, freedom and common good
      Right to public property
      God created the world for all people
      All decisions from the authority should work to protect the common good of the society
      God’s law always comes first, even if we must disobey an immoral civil law
    • More on Charlemagne
      Holy Roman Emperor as appointed by Pope Leo III
      Brought Christianity to a mostly pagan northern Europe
      Great organizer, moved with precision and speed
      By 800AD, ruled all of western Europe
      Protective of the Church
      Sympathetic of peasants, began reforms to improve their lives
      Christianity
      Education
      Improved farming methods
      Standard system for money to help merchants
    • Charlemagne (cont’d)
      Perpetual student himself
      Inspected local government to ensure justice
      Revived music and art
      Aachen, Germany
      After his death in 814 AD, the empire was divided between weak kings
      Beginning of great conflict between kings and popes
    • Mother Teresa
      Lived in Calcutta
      Worked for “poorest of the poor”
      Teacher of love
      Trip to Las Vegas
      Crown of Thorns
      “I thirst”