St. Augustine and the Kingdom St. Augustine—Roman monk Video biography Queen Berta—Queen of Kent, a Christian King Ethelbert—Berta’s pagan husband Read scene on page 114
St. Augustine cont’d Not the same Augustine as St. Augustine of Hippo St. Augustine needed the support of a leader to spread Jesus’ message of love Queen Berta is open to change and positive about the mission King Ethelbert is resistant but believes Augustine’s sincerity What does Augustine mean when he says, “True faith cannot be forced”? What was Pope Gregory’s advice to Augustine?
Pope Gregory and the Empire Pope in 590 AD Negotiated for peace with barbarians, converted to Christianity Barbarians used symbols to worship pagan gods, Christians used symbolism as well Celebrating feasts Honoring saints Rituals Traditions Barbarians encouraged by the parallel of practices
Leadership of the Church Byzantine emperor Justinian created civil laws Ruled 527 AD Canon Law—collection of laws of the Catholic Church Church as a leader Education Music Art Political Spiritual Christendom—growth in authority of the church
Pope Leo III 8th century, Charlemagne helped stop attacks Charlemagne, king of the Franks, united much of Western Europe 800 AD, Charlemagne was crowned Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire by Pope Leo How does this act differ from the society in which we live today?
Christianity and Authority Church and government were one Natural law—foundation of moral life for everyone, allows us to know the difference between good and evil God’s law written upon the heart Just laws arise from natural law
Daily Struggle to be Christian In America we have separation of church and state Some American values conflict with Christian principles Examples: How can you stay true to your faith amongst these struggles?
Daily Struggle cont’d When we persist through struggles, we bear our own cross as Jesus carried the cross during the Passion Jesus predicted his Passion when asking his disciples to carry their own cross “If you try to save your life, you will lose it. But if you lose your life for my sake, you will save it.” What does this quote mean? We must follow both civil laws and God’s laws/Jesus’ example
Beowulf 8th century story Uses both pagan and Christian elements story where Beowulf killed a monster, his mother and dragon to defend a kingdom Pagan elements Sacrificing to idols Relying on omens Believing in fate Taking revenge Christlike Battled evil monsters as Jesus battled the evils of sin Beowulf gave up his life to save others
Our Church Teaches Natural Law is the most important law Civil Law should promote virtue, equality, justice, freedom and common good Right to public property God created the world for all people All decisions from the authority should work to protect the common good of the society God’s law always comes first, even if we must disobey an immoral civil law
More on Charlemagne Holy Roman Emperor as appointed by Pope Leo III Brought Christianity to a mostly pagan northern Europe Great organizer, moved with precision and speed By 800AD, ruled all of western Europe Protective of the Church Sympathetic of peasants, began reforms to improve their lives Christianity Education Improved farming methods Standard system for money to help merchants
Charlemagne (cont’d) Perpetual student himself Inspected local government to ensure justice Revived music and art Aachen, Germany After his death in 814 AD, the empire was divided between weak kings Beginning of great conflict between kings and popes
Mother Teresa Lived in Calcutta Worked for “poorest of the poor” Teacher of love Trip to Las Vegas Crown of Thorns “I thirst”