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Health & hygine
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Health & hygine


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  • 1. HYGIENEHygiene refers to practices associated withensuring health and cleanliness. It ismaintenance of health and healthy livingincluding bathing , keeping the mouth clean ,keeping the skin protected from infectionand washing hand frequently
  • 2. GOOD AND BAD HYGIENEThe different between good and badhygiene is :-• Good hygiene keep you protected fromthings, like germ in environment that hurtcan you• Bad hygiene allow these thing to affectyour body or probably make you sick
  • 3. BENEFITS GOOD HYGIENE•Addressing the spread of germ is essential tohealth of our youth , our school and our nation• Good hygiene prevent the spread of germ• It is also help to give a good first impressionto other
  • 4. Why personal hygiene is soimportant during adolescence•You feel better about your self
  • 7. TRANSMISSION OF GERM• Germ can be transmitted in many way including : Through dirty hand Through droplet release during cough or a sneeze via air or contaminated surface Through vector Through contact with sick person’s body fluid
  • 8. PREVENT AIR BORNE INFECTION• Cover your mouth and nosewhen coughing and sneezingtissue• Throw the tissue awayquickly and carefully• Clean hard surface ( likedoor , handles and remotecontrol ) frequently with anormal cleaning surface
  • 9. HEALTY SKIN• Soap and water are essential for keepingskin clean• A good bath one or twice a day isrecommend , especially in tropical countrylike INDIA• Those who involved in active sport or workout would do well to take a bath after theactivity
  • 10. ORAL HYGIENE• Well, weather it is a neem , twig or battery brush you can not give brushing miss
  • 11. ORAL HYGIENEPrevent the build up of plaqueCaustic factor of the major dental problem .Poororal hygiene allows the accumulation of acidproducing bacteria on the surface of the teethAcid demineralize the tooth enamel causing toothdecay (cavities). Dental plaque can also invade andaffect the gum disease• In both condition , the final effect of poor oral hygiene is the loss of one or more teeth .
  • 12. How Often and When To Brush And Floss • At least two times a day • one time in the morning, and one time at night • consider brushing between meals too! • Floss at least one time a day • Floss if you feel food stuck in your teeth
  • 13. HEALTHY TEETH AND GUMThe health and cleanliness of your mouthis important , if you don’t brush and floss• Cavities (holes in your teeth) may form• Your breath will probably smell bad• You may be at higher risk for serious disease later in life , such as heart disease, stroke , and diabetes
  • 14. FOOD TO AVOIDBacteria in your mouth grow on sugar . Try to eatas little “junk food” as possibleAvoid drinking soda and sweet teaIf you do eat these thing , you may want to brushimmediately afterwards.
  • 15. HAIR – It is your crowing glory• The hormonal changes that occur duringpuberty can causes hair to become oily• Glands are more active during puberty .The glands on the hair follicles deposit oilon each hair .This oil makes the hair shiny butit also attaches dirt to the hair• Oily hair needs to be washed morefrequently than dry or normal hair . If hair isvery oily it should be washed every day• Wash your hair at least once a week usingsoap or mild shampoo.• Choose a shampoo to suit hair type . Rinseout well with clean water• Dry your hair after a wash
  • 16. BODY ODOUR• Sweating is a vital and process• The exocrine gland is active at the onset of puberty• When stimulated , they produce perspiration and the sweat in contact with bacteria on the skin result is body odour• This odour is unpleasant and increases with physical activity , stress ,excitement, nervousness and warmth.• Body odour can be effectively managed by : - Daily showers or baths ; - Changing one’s clothes daily ; - Use of a deodorant or anti-perspiration
  • 17. EAR CARE• A very important part of personal hygiene• Consists of three parts; the outer ear , the middle ear and the inner ear.• Involves the care of the outer ear• Other parts can become damaged if tampered with• Outer ear consists of the visible part known as the pinna and the entrance to the ear canal leading to the ear drum
  • 18. FOOT CARE• Use towels that are kept separate from anyone else• Wash and dry feet twice a day• Pay particular attention to through drying techniques• Change socks when moist• The common infections are ringworm and athletes foot
  • 19. NAIL CARE• Nails made up of layers of protein called keratin and indicative of our general health• Grow on average 1mm per week• Taking good care of your nails and maintaining their cleanliness very important• Nails can be kept clean by using a simple mild soap , warm water and a nail brush• Cut nails as germs may be present inside them, specially harmful if we use hands to eat
  • 20. POOR PERSONAL HYGIENE Poor Personal habits• Digging nose or ear• Putting finger in mouth• Rubbing of eye• Spitting
  • 21. GOOD HYGIENE HABITS• Get a good night’s sleep• Eat a good breakfast• Take good dental care• Wash your hands frequently to avoid spreading germs• Take bath daily to keep the dirt and bad smell away
  • 22. Good habits every student needsfor success !• Get on a good schedule• Eat a healthy diet• Learn to exercise• Practice gratitude• Develop good study habits• Respect the environment
  • 23. CONCLUSION• Personal hygiene is the first step to good grooming and good health.• Elementary cleanliness is common knowledge.• Neglect causes problem that you may not even be aware of• Every external part of the body demands a basic amount of attention on regular basis