Politics of Maryland


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  • This is a map of the Province of Maryland, which lasted from 1632 until Maryland signed the of Declaration of Independence in 1776, which Maryland was the last to sign.One of the more interesting things to look at, is west of the Potomac River (red arrow) is a piece of land that reads “Part of Maryland”. Today, this area is owned by the Commonwealth of Virginia. In the colonial period, Maryland was a proprietary colony: a colonyin which one or more individuals, usually land owners, remaining subject to their parent state's sanctions, retained rights that are today regarded as the privilege of the state.This type of colonial government, based on the County Palatine, resembling feudal grants of fiefs in exchange for service more than the modern concept of state sovereignty, was used by English colonies along the East Coast & the Caribbean.The Province of Maryland was ruled by the Lord Baltimore of England, who hoped to create a haven for English Catholics and a colony for religious tolerance. Several religious rebellions took place between 1632-1715 to overthrow the family, which was Catholic. Many of the attempts failed, but power of the colony was restored in 1715 when the 5th Baron of Baltimore, Charles Calvert, proclaimed publicly that he was Protestant.FUN FACT: May 1774, in Chestertown, MD locals stormed the shipyards and started tossing tea into the Chesapeake Bay to protest against the British Tea Tax. Sounds awfully like the more famous Boston Tea Party in 1773.
  • The line was drawn by surveyors Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon between 1763-1767.It was drawn to establish the border between the colonies of what was then Virginia (now West Virginia), Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Delaware.The problem was between Maryland and Pennsylvania.Maryland’s Charter says that all land north along the entire length of the Potomac River up to the 40th Parallel. Charles II grants a charter to Pennsylvania and says its southern border as the 40th Parallel, Maryland’s northern border.Here’s the problem, Charles II & William Penn both assumed the line would intersect the 12 mile circle around New Castle, DE (red arrow and black circle).In this time period, Delaware was a provincial territory of Pennsylvania and referred to as “Lower Counties of the Delaware”.The actual 40th Parallel falls well north or Philadelphia. Many agreements were signed between Maryland and Pennsylvania up to when Mason and Dixon go out and officially draw the line at  39°43′15″ N and 39°43′23″ N latitude.Along the line, Mason and Dixon placed “crownstones” every mile (aka milestones). The north side of the stone has the seal of Pennsylvania or a “P”The south side of the stone has the seal of Maryland or a “M”Today the Mason-Dixon Line is the cultural boundary for the divison of Northern and Southern states, it has also become synomious of the divison of the Union and Confederate States during the Civil War. This is histroically inaccurate. The actual division of Union and Confederate States is the 36th Parallel.
  • The red line that I drew on the map shows the 36th Parallel and how it is used today.This was the true division of Union & Confederate States.All states south of the 36th parallel were “Slave States” and all states north were “Free States”.The one exception being Virginia.
  • A Samuel Lewis map of MarylandCreated in 1775, one of the first maps to use the word “State”The thin dotted-line shows the Mason-Dixon Line, which was drawn in 1767. The inset map shows far Western Maryland; Garrett County. The map also shows “The City of Washington”, before it became Washington, DC in 1801.Washington, DC was known as “The City of Washington” starting in 1790 after President George Washington granted the land order from both Maryland & Virginia. It was to be a 10 mile x 10 mile square, equating out to be 100 sq. mi.Far north as Georgetown, MD (now the Georgetown neighborhood) and as far south as Alexandria, VA.The southern half of Washington, DC (today Arlington & Alexandria) were given back to Virginia during the Civil War, because the Federal Government did not want slaves being sold in the Nation’s Capital.
  • In this Physical map of Maryland, you can see the vast landscapes of the state. If you had to split Maryland in half, you can see that the eastern half is low, slightly hilly, and the western half is vastly mountainous terrain. Most Marylanders will maintain a summer residence on the Eastern Shore in places like Ocean City and in the winter months go to Western Maryland and spend the weekend skiing or snowboarding.
  • Red: Western MarylandTurquoise: Capital AreaGreen: Central MarylandPurple: Southern MarylandYellow: Eastern ShoreBlue Squares: National or State Parks; or National Historic SiteDeep Creek Lake State ParkAntietam Civil War Battle Field (First Battle of the Civil War)Catoctin Mountain National ParkPatapsco Valley State ParkSt. Mary’s City (National Historic Site)Assateague Island National SeashoreAppalachian Trial (the dark green dotted line)
  • The white lines depict political boundaries between the various counties of Maryland.The blue lines show water boundaries and in some cases political boundaries as well. The pink square labeled city is Baltimore City, home to the Baltimore Browns.As previously stated, the City of Baltimore is an Independent City.The white square between Montgomery and Prince George’s counties is Washington, DC.
  • Senator Barbra Mikulski’s Political Career:The longest serving woman member of Congress. She has served the people of Maryland in Congress since 1977. House of Representatives from 1977-1987 United States Senate from 1987-PresentSenator Ben Cardin’s Political Career: Maryland’s House of Delegates from 1967-1987 Maryland’s 3rd Congressional District in the House of Representatives from 1987-2007 Served in the United States Senate from 2007-PresentSenator Ben Cardin has never lost an electionSenator Cardin’s son, Jon Cardin, serves in Maryland’s House of Delegates
  • The map represents the 8 Congressional Districts of the State of Maryland. Released on October 20, 2011, this Congressional Map is valid thru 2020There are also 2 inset maps: (1) metropolitan Washington DC (aka “The Beltway”) and (2) metropolitan Baltimore.Here is a link to the map of Ohio’s Congressional Districts: http://www.sos.state.oh.us/elections/candidates/District%20Maps.aspxThe next slide shows the Members of Congress who represent these districts.
  • This is a map of the Legislative Districts for the State Senate, and represents 47 Senate Districts.1 Senator per Senate District.This map also has 2 inset maps showing (1) metropolitan Washington, DC as well as (2) the Baltimore metropolitan area.
  • Here is a map of the Legislative Districts for the House of Delegates, and represents 64 Legislative Districts. This map also has 2 inset maps showing (1) metropolitan Washington, DC as well as (2) metropolitan Baltimore.This map and the map of the Legislative Districts for the State Senate are valid thru the Presidential Election of 2020.
  • Here is a link to view the maps of Ohio’s Congressional & State government maps.http://www.sos.state.oh.us/elections/candidates/District%20Maps.aspx
  • The Offshore Wind Power bill has been proposed to the Maryland General Assembly three times under the O’Malley administration.Currently, Maryland receives most its power from other states. Governor O’Malley hopes to have at least 20% of Maryland’s power coming from renewable sources by 2022. In this currently legislative session, it has gained tremendous steam and might become a reality and make Maryland a leader, not only in the Mid-Atlantic region, but in the United States as an example of becoming more dependent on “Green Energy”.The map above shows where Governor O’Malley wants to place the windmills. Passed March 19.
  • The map above shows the Marcellus Shale and its depth beneath our feet.One of the new hot button issues facing the State of Maryland is Hydraulic Fracturing, aka fracking.Maryland is known to have some of the more strict environmental protection laws in the United States.What the General Assembly wants to see is some comprehensive research done on the environmental effects of fracking. If passed, the land used for fracking would be government land, not privately owned lands.On of the major concerns is the effect on drinking water and how the waste will effect the local environment, Potomac River, Chesapeake Bay.Will continue discussion next legislative session.
  • Link to the Firearm Safety Act 2013: http://mgaleg.maryland.gov/webmga/frmMain.aspx?pid=billpage&stab=01&id=hb0294&tab=subject3&ys=2013RS
  • Politics of Maryland

    1. 1. Maryland“The Old Line State” Harrison Heller Mapping Our World Kent State University Spring 2013
    2. 2. IntroductionTo take a look at the Political and Historical mapsof the State of Maryland, one must also take alook at Maryland’s past. To look at the currentstate boundaries of Maryland, you are alsotaking a look at America during the time of theRevolution.
    3. 3. Raremaps.com
    4. 4. The Mason-Dixon Line
    5. 5. The 36th Parallel Today Factoryoutletstores.info
    6. 6. Historical Map of theDavidrumsey.com State of Maryland Sonofthesouth.net
    7. 7. Maryland Fast Facts• The City of Baltimore is an independent city (not part of Baltimore County)• Maryland is home to the first Roman Catholic Cathedral in the United States, Baltimore Basilica, constructed between 1806-1821.• The official State Sport, since 1962, is jousting; the official State Team Sport is lacrosse.• Notable Native Marylanders Baltimore Basilica – George Herman “Babe” Ruth (baseball legend): Baltimore – Cal Ripkin, Jr (baseball’s Iron Man): Harve de Grace – Edward Norton (actor): Columbia – Lewis Black (comedian): Silver Spring – Kevin Durant (4x NBA All-Star): Rockville/Washington, DC – Michael Phelps (winner of 22 Olympic Medals): Towson – Harriet Tubman (leader of the Underground Railroad): Dorchester County• Maryland-Ohio Connection: John Carroll (founder of Georgetown University): Upper Marlboro – John Carroll University in University Heights, OH was named for him. Jousting at the Maryland Renaissance Festival
    8. 8. Maryland Overview• State Capitol: Annapolis – Home to the oldest continually used State House in the U.S. (1772). • Topped with the largest wooden dome without the use of nails in the United States.• Governor: Martin O’Malley – Also plays in an Irish rock band called “O’Malley’s March” Governor Martin O’Malley – http://www.omalleysmarch.com/ or check them out on iTunes• Population: estimated 5,884,563 (according to 2012 Census)• Land area: 12,410 sq. miles• Home to the United States Naval Academy (Annapolis)• 5 distinct regions with notable cities: 1. Eastern Shore: Ocean City & Salisbury 2. Central Maryland: Baltimore City & Towson 3. Capital: Bethesda, Silver Spring, & Washington, DC 4. Southern Maryland: Annapolis & La Plata 5. Western Maryland: Cumberland & Hagerstown Maryland State House
    9. 9. siteatlas.com
    10. 10. 5 Distinct Regions of MarylandWikitravel.com
    11. 11. Political Map23 Counties & 1 Independent City www.digital-topo-maps.com
    12. 12. Maryland’s Elected Federal Officials -United States Senate-Senator Barbra Mikulski Senator Ben Cardin
    13. 13. http://www.mdp.state.md.us
    14. 14. Maryland’s Elected Federal Officials -House of Representative-Congressman Andrew Harris (R) Congressman Steny Hoyer (D)1st Congressional District 5th Congressional DistrictCongressman C.A. Dutch Congressman John Delaney (D)Ruppersberger III (D) 6th Congressional District2nd Congressional DistrictCongressman John Sarbanes (D) Congressman Elijah Cummings (D)3rd Congressional District 7th Congressional DistrictCongresswoman Donna Edwards Congressman Christopher(D) Van Hollen Jr. (D) 4th Congressional District 8th Congressional District
    15. 15. A Rundown of Maryland State GovernmentMaryland’s legislative body is called The General Assembly. The GeneralAssembly is constructed of 47 Senators that make up the State Senate & 141Delegates that make up the House of Delegates.The Legislature:• Enacts laws necessary for the welfare of the States citizens and certain laws dealing with counties and special taxing districts.• Proposes amendments to the Maryland Constitution, which must be ratified by the voters during the general election.• Reviews the Governor’s Reapportionment & Redistricting plans.• Meets in a regular session for 90 calendar days each year, beginning with the second Wednesday in January.• The General Assembly acts on more than 2500 pieces of legislation and the States annual capital and operating budgets.• Meets in special session when called by the Governor or when a majority of each house petitions the Governor. http://mgaleg.maryland.gov/
    16. 16. http://www.mdp.state.md.us
    17. 17. Maryland State Senate• Made up of 47 State Senators Senate President Mike Miller• Headed by Senate President Thomas V. Mike Miller (D-27) Senate Chamber 
    18. 18. http://www.mdp.state.md.us
    19. 19. Maryland House of Delegates• Made up of 141 Delegates.• Headed by House House Speaker Busch Speaker Michael Busch (D-30) Chamber of the House of Delegates 
    20. 20. From the desk of Abigail Hopper, EnergyAdvisor to Gov. O’Malley
    21. 21. Current Legislative Action in Maryland• March 15, 2013: Maryland becomes the 18th state to abolish the death penalty. – Instead of receiving the death penalty, the convicted will now receive “life without the possibility of parole”. – Last used: December 5, 2005, when Wesley Eugene Baker was executed under Governor Robert Ehrlich.• Firearm Safety Act 2013 – Set to be one of the most strict assault weapons ban in the country. – In short, it outlaws certain types of weapons, requires fingerprints to turned into Maryland State Police, and restriction for those with mental health issues. – Passed on April 5.
    22. 22. Quote taken from “Wedding Crashers”