The Staffordshire Hoard Helen Geake, Finds Adviser, Portable Antiquities Scheme
The Daily Mail, September 25 th  2009
The Potteries Museum in Stoke-on-Trent Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery
Sutton Hoo Mound 1,  c. 625 AD … France, Germany, Sweden, Italy, Syria, Egypt, Byzantium… … and Britain! objects from…
peoples and kingdoms, from Bede’s  Ecclesiastical History of the English People  (731 AD) England in the 7th century AD (h...
Distribution map of Anglo-Saxon burials, c. 430-c. 700 (from Lucy 2000) (Hoard site in pink)
Penda, ruled c. 630 to 655 – killed 5 kings: Edwin* of Northumbria 633 Oswald* of Northumbria 642 Sigeberht* and Ecgric of...
Lots of gold! approximately:  5 kg gold 1.5 kg silver 0.5 kg copper alloy
 
Spear Helmet Sword Seax Shield The usual equipment of the Anglo-Saxon warrior
pommel hilt plates hilt collar Some components of a sword hilt hilt plates (this reconstructed sword is from Sutton Hoo in...
About 90 pommels from a sword (large) probably from a seax (small) Over 350 hilt fittings hilt plate from a seax hilt plat...
Scabbard fittings from the Staffordshire Hoard (reconstruction of the Sutton Hoo sword)
Helmet from Benty Grange, Derbyshire Peak District  (c. 650 AD) Reconstruction of the Benty Grange helmet with horn plates...
A reconstruction of the Sutton Hoo helmet hinged cheekpieces Iron helmet from Wollaston, Northamptonshire
Helmet cheekpiece from the  Staffordshire Hoard   compare to the Sutton Hoo helmet 61.3% gold, 36.8% silver, 3.4% copper
Helmet crest from the Staffordshire Hoard again, compare to the Sutton Hoo helmet
Sutton Hoo helmet showing stamped foil decoration
Someone gripping and stabbing Warriors with round shields and eagle-crested helmets People running or kneeling Silver foil...
Lots of bits of helmet!
Two small crosses... … a medium-sized one…
… and an enormous one with huge garnets! detail of the ornament
detail of the ornament
Byzantine ring-cut garnet
One arm from a cross?
[S] U R G E  d  N E  d I S E P E  n  T U  R  I N I M I C I  T U I  E t [F] U G E  n  T  q  U I  O  d  E R U N [T]  T E  α ...
Mystery objects
cloisonné cell-work from a hilt collar cabochon-cut garnets from part of a sword pyramid
This object is one inch (2½ cm) long stamped gold foil underneath the garnets
Garnets cut at an angle on a sword pyramid (the sword pyramid is 2 cm square) Garnets with a ribbed edge (the hilt collar ...
Glass settings from the Staffordshire Hoard Tiny bits of blue glass on a sword pyramid ‘ Millefiori’ glass on a stud
Detail of a millefiori glass settings from one of the sword pyramids
Filigree on hilt collars
 
 
 
animals and birds in cloisonn é  garnets
Interlacing animals on the helmet cheekpiece
heads with jaws feet or paws close-up detail hip or shoulder joint the complete object
Animal head visible Possible animal head just visible No animal elements discernable
What was the hoard  for ? <ul><li>Deliberately hidden for safekeeping?  </li></ul><ul><li>Lost by mistake?  </li></ul><ul>...
Site location
 
Excavating the findspot of the hoard
 
The Book of Durrow f. 192v (no precise date) Seax hilt-plate from the Staffordshire Hoard
http://finds.org.uk/staffshoardsymposium
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The Staffordshire Hoard: a treasure saved for the nation

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Talk given at the Fitzwilliam Museum, 27th July 2001

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  • Staffordshire – large selection of interlace, many with animal interlace. Probably the animal interlace over time get so dismembered that the animals disappear altogether
  • The Staffordshire Hoard: a treasure saved for the nation

    1. 1. The Staffordshire Hoard Helen Geake, Finds Adviser, Portable Antiquities Scheme
    2. 2. The Daily Mail, September 25 th 2009
    3. 3. The Potteries Museum in Stoke-on-Trent Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery
    4. 4. Sutton Hoo Mound 1, c. 625 AD … France, Germany, Sweden, Italy, Syria, Egypt, Byzantium… … and Britain! objects from…
    5. 5. peoples and kingdoms, from Bede’s Ecclesiastical History of the English People (731 AD) England in the 7th century AD (hoard site in pink)
    6. 6. Distribution map of Anglo-Saxon burials, c. 430-c. 700 (from Lucy 2000) (Hoard site in pink)
    7. 7. Penda, ruled c. 630 to 655 – killed 5 kings: Edwin* of Northumbria 633 Oswald* of Northumbria 642 Sigeberht* and Ecgric of East Anglia 636 Anna* of East Anglia 654 Bede’s information about Mercia in the seventh century * great Christian king and one of Bede’s heroes
    8. 8. Lots of gold! approximately: 5 kg gold 1.5 kg silver 0.5 kg copper alloy
    9. 10. Spear Helmet Sword Seax Shield The usual equipment of the Anglo-Saxon warrior
    10. 11. pommel hilt plates hilt collar Some components of a sword hilt hilt plates (this reconstructed sword is from Sutton Hoo in Suffolk)
    11. 12. About 90 pommels from a sword (large) probably from a seax (small) Over 350 hilt fittings hilt plate from a seax hilt plate from a sword elaborate hilt collar simple wire hilt collar 4 rings from sword pommels
    12. 13. Scabbard fittings from the Staffordshire Hoard (reconstruction of the Sutton Hoo sword)
    13. 14. Helmet from Benty Grange, Derbyshire Peak District (c. 650 AD) Reconstruction of the Benty Grange helmet with horn plates in between the iron bands and bristles on the boar
    14. 15. A reconstruction of the Sutton Hoo helmet hinged cheekpieces Iron helmet from Wollaston, Northamptonshire
    15. 16. Helmet cheekpiece from the Staffordshire Hoard compare to the Sutton Hoo helmet 61.3% gold, 36.8% silver, 3.4% copper
    16. 17. Helmet crest from the Staffordshire Hoard again, compare to the Sutton Hoo helmet
    17. 18. Sutton Hoo helmet showing stamped foil decoration
    18. 19. Someone gripping and stabbing Warriors with round shields and eagle-crested helmets People running or kneeling Silver foils, probably from a helmet
    19. 20. Lots of bits of helmet!
    20. 21. Two small crosses... … a medium-sized one…
    21. 22. … and an enormous one with huge garnets! detail of the ornament
    22. 23. detail of the ornament
    23. 24. Byzantine ring-cut garnet
    24. 25. One arm from a cross?
    25. 26. [S] U R G E d N E d I S E P E n T U R I N I M I C I T U I E t [F] U G E n T q U I O d E R U N [T] T E α F α C I E T U α [s]urge domine disepentur inimici tui et [f]ugent qui oderunt te a facie tua Rise up, o Lord, and may Thy enemies be dispersed and those who hate Thee be driven from thy face (Numbers 10, 35) Let God arise, let his enemies be scattered: let them also that hate him flee before him (Psalm 67/68, 2)
    26. 27. Mystery objects
    27. 28. cloisonné cell-work from a hilt collar cabochon-cut garnets from part of a sword pyramid
    28. 29. This object is one inch (2½ cm) long stamped gold foil underneath the garnets
    29. 30. Garnets cut at an angle on a sword pyramid (the sword pyramid is 2 cm square) Garnets with a ribbed edge (the hilt collar is 3 cm across)
    30. 31. Glass settings from the Staffordshire Hoard Tiny bits of blue glass on a sword pyramid ‘ Millefiori’ glass on a stud
    31. 32. Detail of a millefiori glass settings from one of the sword pyramids
    32. 33. Filigree on hilt collars
    33. 37. animals and birds in cloisonn é garnets
    34. 38. Interlacing animals on the helmet cheekpiece
    35. 39. heads with jaws feet or paws close-up detail hip or shoulder joint the complete object
    36. 40. Animal head visible Possible animal head just visible No animal elements discernable
    37. 41. What was the hoard for ? <ul><li>Deliberately hidden for safekeeping? </li></ul><ul><li>Lost by mistake? </li></ul><ul><li>A gift to the gods? </li></ul><ul><li>The contents of a royal treasury </li></ul><ul><li>Plunder from a battle (with blades removed) </li></ul><ul><li>Tribute from defeated kingdom(s) </li></ul><ul><li>A goldsmith’s hoard, awaiting recycling </li></ul><ul><li>Theft of one of the above </li></ul><ul><li>A sacrificial deposit </li></ul>
    38. 42. Site location
    39. 44. Excavating the findspot of the hoard
    40. 46. The Book of Durrow f. 192v (no precise date) Seax hilt-plate from the Staffordshire Hoard
    41. 47. http://finds.org.uk/staffshoardsymposium

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