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This is a presentation about the adult education philosophies that apply to job-skills and vocational training.

This is a presentation about the adult education philosophies that apply to job-skills and vocational training.

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    AdultED_Phil AdultED_Phil Presentation Transcript

    • ADULT Education Philosophies and Principles
      By: heather galan
      Workforce Training
      ED512: Spring 2011
    • Overview
      Workforce Training
      Adult Education Philosophies
      Humanistic Education
      Principles of Andragogy
      Behaviorist Education
      Job-skills Training
      Conclusion
      References
    • Workforce Training
      “Skills Gap”in the workforce
      Difficult for hiring officials to find qualified job applicants
      (Gordon, 2005, p. 159) The “Job Crisis” is forcing employers to focus on education demand for:
      Learning new information
      Communication skills
      Problem solving
      Trainers should understand the Adult Education Philosophies that relate to workforce training
    • Skills Gap
    • Adult Education
      Adult Education Philosophy (Elias & Merriam, 2005)
      Humanist Adult Education (p. 111-130)
      Dedicated to internal aspects of learning
      Focuses on skills needed for career
      Science of helping adults learn
      Behaviorist Adult Education (p. 92-93)
      Focuses on observable behavior
      Used mainly for curriculum design
      Applies to vocational education and job-skills training
    • Humanist Education
      Humanist adult education focuses on (Elias & Merriam, 2005, p. 111):
      “Survival Skills”
      Freedom
      Dignity
      Malcolm Knowles (Elias & Merriam, 2005, p.132)
      Influential adult educator in the United States
      Believed the humanistic education theory is suitable for teaching adults
      Believed that andragogy is well suited for adult education
    • Principles of Andragogy
      Andragogy is the art and science of helping adults learn.
      Knowles’ Principles of Andragogy (Elias & Merriam, 2005, p. 132-134):
      Facilitated learning
      Respectful of the learner
      Cooperative rather then competitive environment
      Respect for learners life experiences
      Learner is responsible for their own learning
      Learners readiness to learn
      Immediate application of knowledge
      Adults are intrinsically motivated to learn.
    • Behaviorist Education
      Characteristics of Behaviorist Education Philosophy(Elias & Merriam, 2005, p. 83):
      Learning is a change in behavior
      Environment controls behavior
      Reinforcement is central to explaining the learning process.
      B.F Skinner (Elias & Merriam, 2005, p. 88)
      Radical behaviorist
      Developed steps for task learning.
      Believed that teachers need to have an understanding of teaching and learning
    • Job-skills Training
      Behaviorists Adult Education has influenced (Elias & Merriam, 2005, p. 108):
      Vocational education
      Continuing professional education
      Literacy education
      Behaviorist Education can be linked to measurable outcomes:
      Success
      Competency
      Increased productivity
      Concrete results
    • Return on Investment
      Emphasizing ROI for training (Gordon, 2005, p. 118):
      Mobilize employers to support workforce training programs
      Investing in worker training programs is an investment in human capitol
      Investing in workforce training, can help reduce the negative effects of the “skills gap” that America is facing.
    • Conclusion
      Adult Education Philosophies
      Humanistic Education
      Malcolm Knowles
      Andragogy
      Behaviorist Education
      B.F. Skinner
      Job-skills training
    • References
      Elias, John L., Merriam, Sharan B. (2005). Philosophical Foundations of Adult Education, Third Edition. Malabar. Kriegar.
      Gordon, E. E. (2005). The 2010 Meltdown: Solving the Impending Jobs Crisis. Westport: Praeger.
      Senge, P. M. (2006). The Figth Discipline: The Art & Practice of the Learning Organization. New York: Doubleday.