Across the globe, people are always moving. Migration is constant, as people from
one country seek to move to another to improve opportunities. Philly is home to many
immigrants, from all over the world. Many of these immigrants are refugees. Civil
conﬂicts in various countries have come to affect the US and all countries, as citizens
of turbulent nations migrate elsewhere. Migration causes countries to become more
connected through globalization, as migrants share their stories with their new
neighbors, and people become educated on different regions of the world.
Migration also enriches the culture of a region, as shown in this clip. Immigrants bring
along their languages, and add to the diverse environment. In cities, one can hear
many different languages, and this adds to the global ﬂavor. According to the Brooking
Institute, in Philadelphia, over 9 percent of city residents are foreign-born. Philadelphia
also has a very diverse immigrant population, with incoming Philadelphians hailing
roughly equally from Asia, Europe, Latin America, and the Caribbean.
According to the website of the Romanian embassy to the US, "The Consulate works
to foster relations between the two countries, recognizing the necessity for countries to
work together and collaborate in a globalized world." This sums up global politics fairly
nicely. But, I shall elaborate.
Since economies are globally tied, when something bad happens in one country, it
affects others. Governments recognize this, and send representatives to countries and
regions to keep the relations friendly. In the interest of foreign travel, embassies also
deal with keeping track of their citizens in the host country. Embassies also play into
migration, helping hopeful migrants ﬁll out paperwork and granting visas and permits.
The introduction of the Empress Paulownia tree to North American would not have
been possible without globalization. Sally McCabe, of the Pennsylvania Horticultural
Society, reports that this tree originates in China, and has fruit that, when dried, makes
a lovely packing material. In the 1830s, the Dutch East India Company recognized this
potential and packed their imports in Paulownia pods. Some of these pods were not
fully dried and retained their seeds, which then sprouted in Europe, and later North
America, after being unpacked. Global trade and the opening of markets led to this
plant traveling to other continents. There are many of these trees in Pennsylvania, and
they have spread from the ports with foreign imports all across the Eastern and
Southern US (National Parks Service).
The internet is a great center for globalization. All countries (excusing state ﬁrewalls)
have access to the entire internet. The United States is not limited to websites with
URLs ending in an American address. BBC News online is a great example. It has
news from around the world, published from the UK. However, it also includes links in
each article to relevant articles from other news sources, from various countries. It
brings together world news.
The internet is also becoming more globalized, like the world. Until recently, internet
URLs had to be in the Latin alphabet. Language Log reports that the ﬁrst non-Latin
URL has just been rolled out. Egypt’s Ministry of Communications and Information
Technology has the ﬁrst Arabic URL, .ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺓ-ﺍﻷﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ.ﻣﺼﺮ
In 2008, the global economy collapsed. In America, small businesses were heavily
affected. The recession caused consumers to cut back on spending, and small
businesses do not have unlimited ability to cut prices, so sales suffer. As sales go
down, revenues go down, and small businesses go out of business, like the empty
An article from CBS traces the effects of one business’ decreased proﬁts. An American
business uses supplies from other American businesses, as well as overseas
businesses. If the beginning business has downed revenue, so will the others.
Because the economy is so globally intertwined, the recession affects all economies.
Petroleum is a large trade market. The reﬁned petroleum coming from this pump could
have originated from one of multiple sources, and probably passed through various
stations along the way. The US does not produce much petroleum, and therefore has
to import large quantities. Luckily, globalization has provided a global commodities
market, among others, and petroleum-producing countries export their product, to the
beneﬁt (some would say) of oil-poor countries.
The United States imports much of its oil from neighboring countries, namely Mexico
and Canada. It also imports oil from the Middle East. According to the Energy
Information Administration, “there is more trade internationally in oil than in anything
else.” Regional wealth versus poverty in oil along with high demand for the resource
have combined to create a gigantic global trade.
Global tourism has led to a constant ﬂow of people around the globe and back. Much
travel is also done in airplanes, conﬁning a group of people together in a small space.
This leads to easily spreadable diseases. There have been many scares involving sick
people on airplanes, who then infect the other on the ﬂight. One such scare was in
2007, when a man infected with a drug-resistant strain of tuberculosis ﬂew to multiple
countries, causing some panic as to further infections from contact with the man. This
case is unusual in that the disease was uncommon.
Twice in the past decade, the scare has been with an extremely contagious disease:
inﬂuenza. First with avian ﬂu, then with swine/H1N1. H1N1 originated in Mexico, but
quickly spread around the world through tourists, who were visiting Mexico when it
Fair Trade is the advocacy of a business practice that is sustainable in all facets.
According to the World Fair Trade Association, it promotes environmental sustainability,
economic development in the local community, and transparency, among other
practices. The Eighth Standard of Fair Trade is Capacity Building. This is increasing
“positive developmental impacts for small, marginalised producers.”
Interest in Fair Trade products has increased in America, as evidenced by this poster
on the community bulletin board advertising a Fair Trade Sale. People in America are
interested in and funding development efforts in other countries, mainly Third World,
because the global donation systems and non-proﬁts are in place.
French café culture is legendary. Paris is dotted with sidewalk cafés and people sitting,
drinking coffee, and catching up. As migration moves people around the globe, they
inevitably bring their culture with them.
The café pictured, Café Lutecía, was started by a woman who immigrated to America
from France. Cafés such as these are becoming more popular in America, along with
the advent of French cooking in America.
As travel became more common and affordable, food connoisseurs from America
could travel to France and other countries to master the foreign cuisine. French cuisine
became popular in America, and cafés are an affordable manifestation of that new
“10 Standards of Fair Trade.” World Fair Trade Organization. 18 Nov. 2009. Web. 10
Demiguel, Melissa. “Café Culture.” French Culture Site. BellaOnline, 2010. Web. 10
“Honorary Consulates of Romania in the US.” Embassy of Romania, 2004. Web. 10
McCabe, Sally. Personal Interview. 3 May 2010.
“Recession Hits Small Businesses.” CBS Evening News. 17 June 2009. Web. 10 May
Singer, Audrey and David Park, Michael Katz, and Domenic Vitiello. “Recent
Immigration to Philadelphia: Regional Change in a Re-Emerging Gateway.” Brookings
Institute, 13 Nov 2008. Web. 4 May 2010.
“Trade.” US Energy Information Administration. DOE. Web. 10 May 2010.
United States. Department of Health and Human Services. FLU.gov. HHS, 2010.
Web. 10 May 2010.
Zimmer, Ben. “ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺓ-ﺍﻷﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ.ﻣﺼﺮleads the non-Latin charge.” Language Log. University
of Pennsylvania, 6 May 2010. Web. 6 May 2010.
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