Be responsible and practice birth control! Carla May Alcantara
History of Contraceptives
It was the ancient Greeks who first realized that male and female union caused pregnancy and since then, many methods have been used with varying degrees of success.
Lemon juice and essence from mahogany husks, acacia tree and honey, oil of cedar and lead ointment, frankincense and olive oil, salt, cabbage or willow leaves, onion juice, peppermint oil and, soft wool.
Types of Contraceptives
Barrier type of Contraceptives - These types of contraceptives are used to prevent pregnancy by blocking sperm from getting into the uterus.
Hormonal type of Contraceptives - These types of contraceptives must be prescribed by a doctor (as they do require some degree of medical supervision), so you will have to make an appointment with your healthcare provider to discuss your medical history and have your blood pressure checked.
Barrier type of Contraceptives
Intrauterine Devices (IUD)
Hormonal type of Contraceptives
Oral contraceptive – “The Pill”
Oral Contraceptive – “The Pill”
Pros and cons of Contraceptives that are being used in the Philippines.
Birth Control Pills
Provide protection against STDs (new product, so not clear how much protection given) and pregnancy
Can be inserted well before intercourse
Male does not need to withdraw right after ejaculation, as he does with a male condom
May move, be noisy, or uncomfortable
Can only use for one act of sexual intercourse
Cost about $2.50 each
Lowers risk of STDs
Effective against pregnancy
Contraception that provides the most protection against sexually transmitted diseases (latex condoms are best)
Don't cost much (50 cents each), can buy at almost any drug store (don't need a prescription)
"Last longer" when using a condom
Allow men to have an active part in preventing pregnancy
Have to use a new one every time you have sexual intercourse (can only be used once)
May disrupt/interrupt lovemaking
Women may be allergic to latex
Birth Control Pills
Very effective against pregnancy if used correctly
Makes menstrual periods more regular and lighter
Decreases menstrual cramps and acne
Makes you less likely to get ovarian and uterine cancer, pelvic inflammatory disease, ovarian cysts, and anemia
Doesn't interrupt lovemaking
Doesn't protect against STDs
Cost or co-pays between $15-$50 per month
Need to remember to take every day at the same time
Can't be used by women with certain medical problems or by women taking certain medications
Can occasionally cause side effects such as nausea, increased appetite, headaches, and, very rarely, blood clots
Need a prescription
Should use condoms to lower the risk of STDs
Benefits of using Contraceptives
Contraceptives help in reducing the risk of ovarian as well as endometrial cancer. Birth control pills won't cure endometriosis but it may stop the disease from progressing.
They are also known to help women who have irregular periods, by getting their menstrual cycle to a regular routine.
They are also helpful in reducing breast diseases and breast cysts. 70 - 90% of patients see improvement in the symptoms of fibrocystic breast conditions with use of oral contraceptives.
Birth control pills can improve acne. For moderate to severe acne, which other medications can't cure, birth control pills may be prescribed. The hormones in the birth control pill can help stop acne from forming.
Does not interrupt foreplay or sexual intercourse.