Effective online corpus training for language learners
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Effective online corpus training  for language learners

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표 2012. 12.7

표 2012. 12.7

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  • Michigan Corpus of Academic Spoken English, Brigham Young University-British National Corpus

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  • 1. 영어 학습자들의 효과적인 온라인 코퍼스 활용 지도 Effective online corpus training for language learners 전수인 아주대학교
  • 2. Effective online corpus training for language learners Needs for concordancing training - Promoting the use of corpus in language learning - Online corpora as language learning tools - The effective hands-on concordancing for inductive language learning (Boulton, 2009a, 2009b; Cobb, 1997; Cresswell, 2007; Johns & King, 1991) - Difficulty of corpus use by language learners (Bernardini, 2002; Boulton, 2009a, 2009b; Chambers, 2007; Farr, 2008) Sooin Chun, Dec. 7, 2012 2
  • 3. Effective online corpus training for language learners Needs for concordancing training Suggesting sufficient training for utilizing tools as a pre-condition for successful use of learners, hands-on concordancing (Boulton, 2009a; Cheng, Warren & Xun-feng, 2003; Miceli & Kennedy, 2002) Sooin Chun, Dec. 7, 2012 3
  • 4. Effective online corpus training for language learners Purpose for this research - Proposing effective methods of concordance training for university students - Providing concordance materials and tools for corpus learners and instruction guidelines for corpus trainers. Sooin Chun, Dec. 7, 2012 4
  • 5. Effective online corpus training for language learners• Backgrounds of training methods - Different types of concordance activities (Aston, 2002, p.10) 1) Form-focused activity: Data-Driven Learning 2) Meaning-focused activity: Data-driven cultural learning 3) Skill-focused activity: a bottom-up variety for reading skills and reading strategies 4) Reference activity: reading, writing, and translation 5) Browsing activity: explorations of the corpus Sooin Chun, Dec. 7, 2012 5
  • 6. Effective online corpus training for language learners Backgrounds of training methods - Different approaches of concordance activities 1) Form-focused & Meaning-focused corpus search (Gardner & Davies, 2007) 2) Inductive & Deductive concordance activities (Cresswell, 2007; Johns & King, 1991; Kim & Chun, 2008) Sooin Chun, Dec. 7, 2012 6
  • 7. Effective online corpus training for language learners Concordance workshop 1. Participants - 27 undergraduate students enrolled in English Education department - No experience in corpus use Sooin Chun, Dec. 7, 2012 7
  • 8. Effective online corpus training for language learners Concordance workshop 2. Materials 1) Online corpora Online corpus Number of selection Size of corpus Genre/mode Subscription of corpus (number of token) of corpus Corpus Concordance 23 From 3,000 to 3 Diverse/Written Free English millions VLC Web 22 From 99,000 to 1.4 Diverse/Written Free Concordancer millions BYU-BNC 1 100 millions Diverse/ Free Spoken & written JustTheWord 1 80 millions Diverse/ Free Spoken & written MICASE 1 1.8 millions Diverse/Spoken Free Sooin Chun, Dec. 7, 2012 8
  • 9. Effective online corpus training for language learners Concordance workshop 2. Materials 2) Concordance game (deductive activity): Diverse exercises in 8 stages, practicing how to use wildcard (asterisk mark*)and POS (part of speech) in a concordancer/ corpus 3) 3 tasks (Inductive activity) undertaking independent corpus investigation Sooin Chun, Dec. 7, 2012 9
  • 10. Effective online corpus training for language learners Concordance workshop 3. Procedures - Six class hours for two weeks, as a part of a required course - Two stages: Tool training & Applications of the tools Sooin Chun, Dec. 7, 2012 10
  • 11. Effective online corpus training for language learners Concordance workshop 3. Procedures Procedures Contents Techniques Week 1 Exercises for (2 Lessons, Tool training Corpora & Online technical functions 3 class hours) concordancers (individual practice) Week 2 Application of Hands-on Concordance (2 Lessons, concordancing Concordancing exercises/games Deductive 3 class hours) (individual/group activities work) Week 3 - Week 8 Student Concordance tasks semi-controlled & Inductive (each task in independent free searches activities two weeks) concordance investigation Sooin Chun, Dec. 7, 2012 11
  • 12. Effective online corpus training for language learners Evaluation 1. Survey Survey questions N Min Max M SD Q.1 The concordancers/ online corpora 27 3 5 3.78 .698 were easy to use. Q.2 The concordance tasks were easy to 27 2 4 3.00 .679 undertake. Q.3 I used online corpora a lot when doing vocabulary assignments in this 27 2 5 4.37 .742 course. Q.4 Concordance/ concordancing were 27 1 5 3.78 1.013 helpful for my vocabulary learning. Sooin Chun, Dec. 7, 2012 12
  • 13. Effective online corpus training for language learners Evaluation 2. Focus group interviews - Three groups of seven to ten - Interviewing each group for 40 minutes - Semi-structured, concentrating on the issues: a. Usefulness of online concordance tools b. Difficulties encountered in use of the tools c. Usages of the tools Sooin Chun, Dec. 7, 2012 13
  • 14. Effective online corpus training for language learners Evaluation 2. Focus group interviews - 17 students: all students in Group 1; half in Group 2; 2 in Group 3, had positive attitudes toward use of tools. - 5 in Group 3 missed the part of training, failed to complete the concordance tasks. Sooin Chun, Dec. 7, 2012 14
  • 15. Effective online corpus training for language learners Conclusions - Sufficient practice for beginner users to learn functions of online corpora - Effective ways to help them to understand how to use corpus for their language learning Importance of intensive, effective training Sooin Chun, Dec. 7, 2012 15
  • 16. Effective online corpus training for language learners Suggestions Stages Characteristics Instructional guides Preliminary Ignorant of concordance and research tools; need Provide intensive tool stage training to raise awareness regarding the use training of concordance in language learning Beginning to learn concordancing, but not Guide using Initial stage understanding essential concepts of inductive controlled activities; learning; using other sources instead of corpus; give feedback to keep speculating on the conclusions them on track Skillful but no undertaking in-depth searches on Developmental the target words; partial understanding of inductive Give feedback track keep them on to stage learning; weak conclusions; focusing mainly on syntactic features and partly on meanings Skillful, and undertaking in-depth research on target Expand receptive words; good understanding regarding the essential vocabulary Expert stage concepts of inductive learning; making evidence- knowledge to proved, insightful conclusions by both syntactic and productive semantic analysis on target words vocabulary Sooin Chun, Dec. 7, 2012 16
  • 17. Effective online corpus training for language learners Q&A Sooin Chun, Dec. 7, 2012 17
  • 18. “Chun, Sooin. (2012). Effective Concordance Workshop for Corpus Learners. Modern English Education, 13(4), 67-88.” Thank you Sooin Chun, Dec. 7, 2012 18