Contributions of Greek Civilization

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  • 1. CONTRIBUTIONS OF GREEK CIVILIZATION
  • 2. Science• The Greeks were good in mathematics.• Pythagoras formulated the principle of geometry that bears his name the Pythagorean Theorem.
  • 3. EUCLIDRecognized as the father of“Father ofgeometry”
  • 4. ARCHIMEDES •Advance a method of measuring thecircumference of a circle. •He also discovered theprinciple of thespecific gravity.
  • 5. ARISTARCHUS• Discovered that the Earth revolves around the sun while rotating on its own axis.
  • 6. ERASTOSTHENESWAS•Able to make anestimate thecircumference of theworld.•He was also thefirst to draw thelongitude and thelatitude lines on themap of the world.
  • 7. ARCHITECTURE• The goal was to honor the god.• The most beautiful structure was there temples.• Theaters ,baths, stadiums and markets.
  • 8. Drama• The theme of the drama was how fate or destiny dictated on events occurring in the world the subject of their drama was the problem in life.
  • 9. SOPHOCLES,EURIPEDES andAESCHYLUS are the famous writers of Greek tragedy.
  • 10. AristophanesFamous writer of drama.
  • 11. PAINTING• The common design was the daily work of the people like singing,dancing,pla ying musical instruments, taking a bath and other activities.
  • 12. MEDICINEEstablished a schoolfor study of medicine where the cause ofillness wasinvestigated andwhere sick was treatedbased on observation.
  • 13. RELIGION• The tradition on Greek was the worship of different gods headed by Zeus.
  • 14. PHILOSOPHY• SOCRATES-famous because of his philosophy that reason and not emotion should prevail.• PLATO-for him law was supposed to be for all and not for the strong and rich only.• ARISTOTLE-was the intelligent students of Plato he studied animals, plants anatomy and physics. According to him one should accept any theory if this conforms to observable data.
  • 15. SOCRATES PLATO and ARISTOTLE