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Bipolar Disorder
 

Bipolar Disorder

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    Bipolar Disorder Bipolar Disorder Presentation Transcript

    • Bipolar Disorder
      Mary Lou Guenther
    • The Mood Swings
      Bipolar disorder is characterized by episodes of depression and mania
      Usually, victims experience much more of the depression rather than manic highs
      Over 8 million Americans are affected by this mental illness
    • Mania
      State of elevated or irritable mood
      Literally translated to “madness, frenzy”
      Two different sides: hypomania and full blown mania which can involve hallucinations and delusions
    • Characteristics of Mania
      Rapid speech
      Racing thoughts
      Decreased need for sleep
      Euphoria
      Impulsiveness
      Hypersexuality
      Racing thoughts
    • Characteristics Cont…
      Restlessness
      Distractibility
      Tendency to make grand and unattainable plans
      Poor judgment
      Reckless behaviors (alcohol, drugs, spending sprees, etc.)
    • Euphoria
      Medically recognized as a mental or emotional state of well being
      Euphoria is an affect; It is exaggerated and not usually achieved during the normal course of human experience
    • Risks
      When in a manic episode people will take risks which are uncharacteristic and rash:
      -- running up credit card debt
      -- gambling
      -- casual sex with strangers
      -- talking too much to strangers
      -- impulsive life-altering decisions
    • Characteristics of Depression
      Extremely sad
      Hopeless
      Thoughts of suicide
      Loss of interest in activities that were once enjoyable
      Restless or irritable
      Change in eating, sleeping, or other habits
    • Characteristics cont…
      Alterations in sleep patterns
      Feeling worried or empty
      Feeling tired
      Have problems concentrating, remembering, and making decisions
    • Thoughts of suicide
      Life is not worth living
      Making plans – giving away valuables, saying goodbye
      “If you are actively suicidal, in crisis, call 911 immediately. Your life is worth saving and you are here for a reason. You are a precious, wonderful, and beautiful human being. It is ok that you may not know that now. It is none the less true.” – Mental Health Today
    • Worthlessness
      Feelings of self loathing and unimportance
      Leads to suicidal thoughts and excessively low self esteem
    • Facts about Bipolar Disorder
      Effects 1-3% of the population
      If untreated, the suicide rate is at 20%
      In every generation since WWII there has been a higher incidence and earlier onset of bipolar depression
      Men, women, and all ethnicities are equally likely to get bipolar disorder
    • Famous People with Bipolar Disorder
      Jim Carrey
      Robert Downey Jr.
      Ben Stiller
      Robin Williams
      Beethoven
      Van Gogh
      Tim Burton
      JimiHenrix
    • Famous People cont..
      Sylvia Plath
      Winston Churchill
      Theodore Roosevelt
      Edgar Allen Poe
      Mark Twain
      Abraham Lincoln
    • Results
      Thoughts of death, suicide
      Unwanted consequences for rash decisions
      Substance abuse
      Higher risks for heart disease, migraines, obesity, and anxiety disorders
    • Treatment
      Psychotherapy, aka talk therapy
      Talk therapy:
      - can help you learn about why you have the disorder
      - Identify triggers
      - Set goals
    • Treatment cont…
      Medications are given specifically given to each patient
      Usually anti-depressants
      Paired with therapy, medications can prevent negative side effects of bipolar disorder
    • Lifestyle Changes
      Get regular sleep
      Eat regular meals
      Exercise regularly
      Stay with your treatment
    • Light at the end of the tunnel
    • http://www.facingbipolar.com/bipolar-mania.aspx
      http://www.medicinenet.com/bipolar_disorder/page2.htm
      http://www.mental-health-today.com/bp/famous_people.htm