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Bipolar disorder

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  • 1. Bipolar Disorder
    Mary Lou Guenther
  • 2. The Mood Swings
    Bipolar disorder is characterized by episodes of depression and mania
    Usually, victims experience much more of the depression rather than manic highs
    Over 8 million Americans are affected by this mental illness
  • 3. Mania
    State of elevated or irritable mood
    Literally translated to “madness, frenzy”
    Two different sides: hypomania and full blown mania which can involve hallucinations and delusions
  • 4. Characteristics of Mania
    Rapid speech
    Racing thoughts
    Decreased need for sleep
    Euphoria
    Impulsiveness
    Hypersexuality
    Racing thoughts
  • 5. Characteristics Cont…
    Restlessness
    Distractibility
    Tendency to make grand and unattainable plans
    Poor judgment
    Reckless behaviors (alcohol, drugs, spending sprees, etc.)
  • 6. Euphoria
    Medically recognized as a mental or emotional state of well being
    Euphoria is an affect; It is exaggerated and not usually achieved during the normal course of human experience
  • 7. Risks
    When in a manic episode people will take risks which are uncharacteristic and rash:
    -- running up credit card debt
    -- gambling
    -- casual sex with strangers
    -- talking too much to strangers
    -- impulsive life-altering decisions
  • 8. Characteristics of Depression
    Extremely sad
    Hopeless
    Thoughts of suicide
    Loss of interest in activities that were once enjoyable
    Restless or irritable
    Change in eating, sleeping, or other habits
  • 9. Characteristics cont…
    Alterations in sleep patterns
    Feeling worried or empty
    Feeling tired
    Have problems concentrating, remembering, and making decisions
  • 10. Thoughts of suicide
    Life is not worth living
    Making plans – giving away valuables, saying goodbye
    “If you are actively suicidal, in crisis, call 911 immediately. Your life is worth saving and you are here for a reason. You are a precious, wonderful, and beautiful human being. It is ok that you may not know that now. It is none the less true.” – Mental Health Today
  • 11. Worthlessness
    Feelings of self loathing and unimportance
    Leads to suicidal thoughts and excessively low self esteem
  • 12. Facts about Bipolar Disorder
    Effects 1-3% of the population
    If untreated, the suicide rate is at 20%
    In every generation since WWII there has been a higher incidence and earlier onset of bipolar depression
    Men, women, and all ethnicities are equally likely to get bipolar disorder
  • 13. Famous People with Bipolar Disorder
    Jim Carrey
    Robert Downey Jr.
    Ben Stiller
    Robin Williams
    Beethoven
    Van Gogh
    Tim Burton
    JimiHenrix
  • 14. Famous People cont..
    Sylvia Plath
    Winston Churchill
    Theodore Roosevelt
    Edgar Allen Poe
    Mark Twain
    Abraham Lincoln
  • 15. Results
    Thoughts of death, suicide
    Unwanted consequences for rash decisions
    Substance abuse
    Higher risks for heart disease, migraines, obesity, and anxiety disorders
  • 16. Treatment
    Psychotherapy, aka talk therapy
    Talk therapy:
    - can help you learn about why you have the disorder
    - Identify triggers
    - Set goals
  • 17. Treatment cont…
    Medications are given specifically given to each patient
    Usually anti-depressants
    Paired with therapy, medications can prevent negative side effects of bipolar disorder
  • 18. Lifestyle Changes
    Get regular sleep
    Eat regular meals
    Exercise regularly
    Stay with your treatment
  • 19. Light at the end of the tunnel
  • 20. http://www.facingbipolar.com/bipolar-mania.aspx
    http://www.medicinenet.com/bipolar_disorder/page2.htm
    http://www.mental-health-today.com/bp/famous_people.htm