www.myhorseuniversity.com Please note: This presentation is intended for users with high-speed internet connections.  Unfo...
Horse Selection for the  Young Rider Christine Skelly, Ph.D. Equine Extension Specialist Department of Animal Science
Youth and Horses <ul><li>Live the dream </li></ul><ul><li>Build life skills </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Responsibility </li></ul...
The Rider <ul><li>Age </li></ul><ul><li>Size </li></ul><ul><li>Experience level </li></ul><ul><li>Goals and expectations <...
The Horse <ul><li>Age </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5 years plus, older is usually better </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sex </li></ul><ul...
Age <ul><li>At least 5 years of age </li></ul><ul><li>Much older for very young or inexperienced riders </li></ul><ul><li>...
Sex <ul><li>Stallions cannot be ridden by youth in most associations or 4-H activities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Display stall...
Size  May  Matter <ul><li>Pony VS small horse </li></ul><ul><li>Youth more engaged when they can do their own grooming and...
Breed & Gaits <ul><li>Stock Breeds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Temperament </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Calm demeanor </li></u...
Breed & Gaits <ul><li>Saddle Type </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Arabians </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Morgans </li></ul...
Breed & Gaits <ul><li>Gaited Horses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tennessee Walking Horse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Missouri Fox ...
The Prospect <ul><li>Soundness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Healthy and serviceable sound </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some arthrit...
Manners and Disposition <ul><li>Calm and pleasant </li></ul><ul><li>Reject bad habits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rear, buck, ki...
Sources <ul><li>Riding instructor </li></ul><ul><li>Trainer </li></ul><ul><li>4-H/Pony Club Leader </li></ul><ul><li>Class...
Tricks of the Trade <ul><li>Riding down horse before showing for sale </li></ul><ul><li>Drugs – attitude, mask lameness </...
Expert Opinion <ul><li>Need expert in your field of interest </li></ul><ul><li>Should have a good understanding of your ab...
First Visit <ul><li>Watch horse with other horses </li></ul><ul><li>Watch owner handle horse </li></ul><ul><li>Watch owner...
Safety <ul><li>Wear riding helmet </li></ul><ul><li>Ride in an enclosed area free of “obstacles” </li></ul><ul><li>Bring o...
Questions to Ask <ul><li>Health history – colic, founder, lameness, respiratory, surgeries, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Horse S...
Second Visit <ul><li>Unannounced </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure that “tricks” aren’t being used to sell horse </li></ul><ul><li>...
Pre-purchase exam <ul><li>Unbiased veterinarian – buyer’s choice </li></ul><ul><li>X-Rays may be necessary </li></ul><ul><...
Warning Signs <ul><li>Tail wringing  </li></ul><ul><li>Ear pinning </li></ul><ul><li>Diving to the center of the ring </li...
Estimated  Cost <ul><li>Price of horse is just the beginning! </li></ul><ul><li>Grade horse for trail riding, pleasure ~ $...
Finalizing the deal <ul><li>If you feel pressured – LEAVE! </li></ul><ul><li>Always take time to think about your purchase...
Problems? <ul><li>Work with an instructor/trainer </li></ul><ul><li>Never jeopardize safety of child! </li></ul><ul><li>So...
When it works! Grade mare “Bluebonnet”  Presenter’s first horse  Lived to be 28 years old
Mark your calendars! Please join us for our next web presentation: Topic:  What is the 4-H Horse Project all About? Speake...
Thank you   for attending MHU’s Live Web Presentation. Please visit  www.MyHorseUniversity.com for more information about ...
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Selecting The Right Youth Horse (Skelly)

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  • Riding instructor – knows skill level of rider, will try to match for future success Trainer – may “over buy” horse Youth leader – good source for horses who’s owners have out grown them Newspaper – ask a lot of questions on the phone, send pictures, videos, show record Horse trader – makes money with fast turnover, usually has only sketchy history of horse, guaranteed to sell for more than bought or traded for horse. Horse sales – weekly auctions are usually unloading ground for attitude of soundness problems
  • A knowledgeable horse person can help you steer clear of future problem horses. It is worth paying a fee to have this resource.
  • Horses attitude can change with changes in weight. A thin docile horse may turn into a spirited mount with 200#s.
  • &amp; up is determined by safety, level of training, show record, health, etc…. Lower range prices are dictated by slaughter market……50 cents ~ pound
  • Selecting The Right Youth Horse (Skelly)

    1. 1. www.myhorseuniversity.com Please note: This presentation is intended for users with high-speed internet connections. Unfortunately, we cannot offer support for dial-up users at this time. MHU Live Web Presentation: Horse Selection for the Young Rider By Christine Skelly, Ph.D.
    2. 2. Horse Selection for the Young Rider Christine Skelly, Ph.D. Equine Extension Specialist Department of Animal Science
    3. 3. Youth and Horses <ul><li>Live the dream </li></ul><ul><li>Build life skills </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Responsibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Team work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Patience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conflict resolution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Build confidence </li></ul><ul><li>Make friends </li></ul>
    4. 4. The Rider <ul><li>Age </li></ul><ul><li>Size </li></ul><ul><li>Experience level </li></ul><ul><li>Goals and expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Resources – expert help, facilities, finances </li></ul><ul><li>Social needs? </li></ul>
    5. 5. The Horse <ul><li>Age </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5 years plus, older is usually better </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sex </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Geldings or mares </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Size </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Appropriate for child’s height when possible </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Breed & Gaits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Depends on interest, opportunity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Color </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t prioritize color! </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Age <ul><li>At least 5 years of age </li></ul><ul><li>Much older for very young or inexperienced riders </li></ul><ul><li>Old age doesn’t necessarily equate good training and disposition </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t expect child and horse to “learn together”! </li></ul>
    7. 7. Sex <ul><li>Stallions cannot be ridden by youth in most associations or 4-H activities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Display stallion behavior </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Concerned with mare’s reaction </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mares – sexual behavior during heat </li></ul><ul><li>Geldings </li></ul>
    8. 8. Size May Matter <ul><li>Pony VS small horse </li></ul><ul><li>Youth more engaged when they can do their own grooming and tacking up </li></ul><ul><li>Safety when mounting and dismounting </li></ul>
    9. 9. Breed & Gaits <ul><li>Stock Breeds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Temperament </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Calm demeanor </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flat/low moving </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Events </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Timed events </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cattle events </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Western pleasure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hunter </li></ul></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Breed & Gaits <ul><li>Saddle Type </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Arabians </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Morgans </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>American Saddlebreds </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>American Show Horse </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Temperament </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Known for more “spirit” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gaits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Animated </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Events </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>English pleasure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stock events </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hunter events </li></ul></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Breed & Gaits <ul><li>Gaited Horses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tennessee Walking Horse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Missouri Fox Trotter </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pony breeds </li></ul><ul><li>Draft breeds </li></ul><ul><li>Donkeys and Mules </li></ul>
    12. 12. The Prospect <ul><li>Soundness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Healthy and serviceable sound </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some arthritis may be OK </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conformation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>As good as possible. Doesn’t have to be perfect. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Manners & Disposition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most important factor!!!! </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Manners and Disposition <ul><li>Calm and pleasant </li></ul><ul><li>Reject bad habits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rear, buck, kick, bite </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High strung/overly sensitive/shying </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Annoying habits (frustrating) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hard mouth, sour, herd bound, stiff </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Don’t buy thinking you can “change” him! </li></ul>
    14. 14. Sources <ul><li>Riding instructor </li></ul><ul><li>Trainer </li></ul><ul><li>4-H/Pony Club Leader </li></ul><ul><li>Classifieds – horse publications, internet, newspapers </li></ul><ul><li>Horse Traider </li></ul><ul><li>Horse Rescues </li></ul><ul><li>Horse Sales – Weekly auction VS Annual sale </li></ul>
    15. 15. Tricks of the Trade <ul><li>Riding down horse before showing for sale </li></ul><ul><li>Drugs – attitude, mask lameness </li></ul><ul><li>File teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Dye hair </li></ul><ul><li>False registration papers </li></ul>
    16. 16. Expert Opinion <ul><li>Need expert in your field of interest </li></ul><ul><li>Should have a good understanding of your ability and resources </li></ul><ul><li>Should be unbiased and unemotional </li></ul><ul><li>Will ride horse prior to youth riding horse </li></ul><ul><li>May require fee </li></ul>
    17. 17. First Visit <ul><li>Watch horse with other horses </li></ul><ul><li>Watch owner handle horse </li></ul><ul><li>Watch owner ride horse </li></ul><ul><li>Watch expert ride horse </li></ul><ul><li>Buyer rides (only if all of the above goes well) </li></ul><ul><li>Ask LOTS of questions </li></ul>
    18. 18. Safety <ul><li>Wear riding helmet </li></ul><ul><li>Ride in an enclosed area free of “obstacles” </li></ul><ul><li>Bring own saddle in case available saddles are too big </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t ride if there is any speculation that the horse is “too much” </li></ul>
    19. 19. Questions to Ask <ul><li>Health history – colic, founder, lameness, respiratory, surgeries, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Horse Shoeing – frequency, special shoes, behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Behavior – history of biting, kicking, rearing, bucking </li></ul><ul><li>Other – feeding, turnout, trail riding, show experience, past owners, tack preference </li></ul>
    20. 20. Second Visit <ul><li>Unannounced </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure that “tricks” aren’t being used to sell horse </li></ul><ul><li>“ Just passing by and thought we’d stop in!” </li></ul>
    21. 21. Pre-purchase exam <ul><li>Unbiased veterinarian – buyer’s choice </li></ul><ul><li>X-Rays may be necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Few horses pass a pre-purchase exam! </li></ul><ul><li>May discuss management of special problems – i.e. arthritis </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss health records </li></ul><ul><li>Negative Coggins required </li></ul>Veterinarian performing a flexion test
    22. 22. Warning Signs <ul><li>Tail wringing </li></ul><ul><li>Ear pinning </li></ul><ul><li>Diving to the center of the ring </li></ul><ul><li>Resistant (lugs on the bit, ignores aids) </li></ul><ul><li>Back sore </li></ul><ul><li>Lameness </li></ul><ul><li>Weight </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Looking for a Body Condition score 5. </li></ul></ul>
    23. 23. Estimated Cost <ul><li>Price of horse is just the beginning! </li></ul><ul><li>Grade horse for trail riding, pleasure ~ $1,000 & up </li></ul><ul><li>Entry level show horse ~$2,000 & up </li></ul><ul><li>Intermediate show horse ~ $3,500 & up </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced show horse ~ $5,000 & up </li></ul><ul><li>Price may not determine suitability! </li></ul>2003 Congress GMC 2-Year-Old Snaffle Bit Futurity - Open Division Winner - Hope By Invitation
    24. 24. Finalizing the deal <ul><li>If you feel pressured – LEAVE! </li></ul><ul><li>Always take time to think about your purchase </li></ul><ul><li>Sign a purchase contract </li></ul><ul><li>If registered, get signed transfer papers </li></ul>
    25. 25. Problems? <ul><li>Work with an instructor/trainer </li></ul><ul><li>Never jeopardize safety of child! </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes it is best to cut your losses </li></ul><ul><li>Even the experts make wrong horse purchases </li></ul>
    26. 26. When it works! Grade mare “Bluebonnet” Presenter’s first horse Lived to be 28 years old
    27. 27. Mark your calendars! Please join us for our next web presentation: Topic: What is the 4-H Horse Project all About? Speaker: Karen Waite, Michigan State University Date: May 22, 2007 at 7:00 PM EDT
    28. 28. Thank you for attending MHU’s Live Web Presentation. Please visit www.MyHorseUniversity.com for more information about our speaker and our program.

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