Reducing Hay Waste (Martinson)

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  • 2nd bullet point: Don’t need individually since you already say each4th bullet point: Round bales were stored inside until fed


  • 1. My Horse University and eXtension’s HorseQuest welcome you to this live Webcast.Reducing Hay Waste Krishona Martinson University of Minnesota
  • 2. Outline• Introduction• Buy quality hay• Proper storage• Small square bale waste• Large round bale waste• Conclusion
  • 3. Introduction• Forage represents a significant portion of the diet for all classes of post-weaned horses.• May constitute the entire energy portion of a diet for some classes of horses, specifically adult, idle horses.• Dried forage (hay) is likely the most expensive dietary component of maintaining a horse.• Waste can occur during both storage and feeding.
  • 4. Buy Quality Hay• Moisture content• What’s in the hay (species)• Maturity• Touch and Smell• Color• Buy dense (well formed) bales• Presence of mold and weeds
  • 5. Proper Storage• Make sure the roof is water tight• Animal proof the area• Use older hay first• Stack hay on pallets• Store inside (if possible)• Tarp or cover bales shored outside
  • 6. Proper Storage
  • 7. Small Square Bale Waste• In a box stall, waste from feeding small square bales off the ground was 7.3% compared to 1.3% waste when hay was fed in a feeder.
  • 8. Large Round Bale Waste• Some horse owners believe that feeding round bales results in excessive hay waste and overeating.• Some horse owners feed round bales without utilizing a feeder.• The objectives of this research were to determine if round bale feeder design affects hay waste, horse intake and economics.
  • 9. Large Round Bale Waste• 50 4’ x 5’ first crop, orchardgrass round bales.• Each round bale was weighed and identified.• Each bale was cored six times, and samples were analyzed for forage nutrient composition.• Round bales were stored inside until fed.
  • 10. Large Round Bale Waste• 25 mature Quarter Horse and Thoroughbred geldings and open mares.• Horses were weighed at the initiation, between each feeder, and at the conclusion of the trial.• Horses were grouped into five homogeneous herds of five horses each based on weight, age, gender and breed.• A single feeder was placed on the ground in an outdoor dirt paddock.
  • 11. Large Round Bale Waste• Hay that fell onto the ground surrounding the feeder was considered waste and was collected daily.• After 4 days, herds were rotated to a new paddock containing a different feeder with a new round bale of hay. Pens 2 and 3 Pen 1 Pen 4 Pen 5
  • 12. Large Round Bale Waste• Nine different round bale feeders and a no feeder control were evaluated.• Round bale feeders included the: – hayhut (Hayhuts LLS, Deleon Spring, FL) – covered cradle (SM Iron Inc., Sanborn, MN) – hay sleigh (Smith Iron Works Inc., St. Francis, MN) – waste less (JSI Innovations LLC, St. Croix Falls, WI) – cinch net (Cinch Chix LLC, North Branch, MN) – ring (R & C Livestock, MN) – cone (Weldy Enterprises, Wakarusa, IN; model R7C) – tombstone (Dura-Built, Eagan, MN) – tombstone saver (HiQual, Victoria, BC Canada)
  • 13. Large Round Bale Waste
  • 14. Large Round Bale Waste Waste Cost Return on Investment Feeder Type ----------%--------- -----------$----------- ---------months-------- Waste Less 5a 1,450 8e Net 6ab 147 0.8a Hayhut 9bc 650 4cCovered Cradle 11c 3,200 20f Saver 13cd 650 4cd Tombstone 19d 250 2b Cone 19d 1,195 9e Ring 19d 300 2b Hay Sleigh 33e 425 5d No Feeder 57f -- --
  • 15. Waste Less Hay Feeder
  • 16. Waste Less Hay Feeder• Side feeding bars were lowered (touching the bale) every 12 hours.• Cosmetic rub marks along side of face.• Only feeding spots for 4 horses.• Rub rear-ends and dented in front of feeder.• Must manually move side bars.
  • 17. Cinch Net
  • 18. Cinch Net• Horses defecated on top of hay remaining in net.• Remaining hay in chinch net was wet and unpalatable.• Difficult to remove net.• No shod horses.
  • 19. Hayhut
  • 20. Covered Cradle
  • 21. Covered Cradle
  • 22. Tombstone Saver
  • 23. Tombstone
  • 24. Cone Feeder
  • 25. Solid Poly Ring Feeder
  • 26. Hay Sleigh
  • 27. No Feeder Control
  • 28. Large Round Bale Waste• Feeder design does affect hay waste and economics as a result of horse feeding.• All feeders resulted in less waste compared to the no feeder control.• Horse owners can not afford to not buy and use a feeder.• All feeders paid for themselves within 2 years of purchase.
  • 29. ConclusionTo reduce feeding waste:• Buy quality hay• Store hay properly• Use a feeder
  • 30. Give us your feedback!• You will receive a survey by email in 1-2 days. Please take a few minutes to give us your feedback on this webcast. It will help us to better serve you!
  • 31. Upcoming Webcasts• EMS and Ponies October 18, 2011 | 7PM EDT• Winter Care and Feeding For Your Horse November 29, 2011 | 7PM ET• Feeding and Care of Donkeys and Mules December 13, 2011 | 7PM ET
  • 32. Thank you for attending this live web presentation! For more information about My Horse University please visit us at: | | 517-353-3123