Week 3: Gender DiversityRebecca Walker, Elise Howard, JoanneCooper, Alexandra Pulsford, Suzette Borg
Introduction What is Sex?“Sex Refers to a whether a person isconsidered female or male based on thetype of body they have.” (Holmes) What is Gender?“Gender describes the ideas and practicesthat constitute femininity and masculinity”(Holmes)THEREFORE SEX AND GENDER ARENOT THE SAME!
…That Gender is a choice, orthat gender is a role, or thatgender is a construction thatone puts on, as one puts onclothes in the morning, thatthere is a „one‟ who is prior tothis gender a one who goes tothe wardrobe of gender anddecides with deliberationwhich gender it will be today.
Seminar Outline Introduction to Gender Birth and Early Years Early Stage 1 Stage 1 Video and Class discussion Stage 2 Stage 3 Beyond Stage 3/ Adulthood Conclusion
Birth and Early Years Gender role standards andstereotypes Parents influence on children‟sgender- typed choices Parental behaviour toward girls andboys
The rituals of gender We are not born with a gender, that isculturally formed. There are peopleand institutions that police the way weact as a female or male, but that thereshould be a domain of agency orfreedom of how we act as ourselves.– J. Butler (2011)
Early Stage 1 (KINDERGARTEN) Age 4 - 5 Decision making and personalchoices:◦ belongings◦ uniform◦ stereotypical colours Pressure to belong
Stage 1 (YEAR 1 & 2)• Children are aware of their perceivedgender• This is dominated through societyconstructing the idea of gender and theschooling environment being structured toseparate the sexes.
Class discussion Do you think giving children toys that do notadhere to their gender will effect their sexuality inthe future? Do you agree with parents who are letting theirchildren decide their own gender?
Stage 2 (YEAR 3 & 4) Age 7- 9 Participation in team sports Self image Competitiveness and masculinity Boys Investment in Football Culture –A.Keddie. They wont let us play, unless youregoing out with one of them. – E.Renold
Stage 3 (YEAR 5 & 6) Pressure to conform to gender roles Failure to meet gender stereotypescan result in bullying Gender and sexuality becomeintertwined
Beyond Stage 3 & Adulthood Importance of discussing gender rolesand sexuality in Primary Education Implementation of rules and activitiesinto the school and classroom Promotion of the idea of genderequality
Bickmore says-Discussing sexuality and genderroles with elementary studentsis risky- but necessary-because it is very important totheir personal and political lives
RefrencingBickmore, K. (1999). Why discuss sexuality in elementary school?,.QueeringElementary Education. Geelong: Deakin UniversityButler, J. (1990). Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. NewYork, NY: RoutledgeButler, J. http://bigthink.com/videos/your-behaviour-creates-your-gender. (2011).Retrieved Tuesday 5th March 2013Casper, V. Cuffaro, H. Schultz, S. Silin, J. Wickens, E. (1998). Towards a morethourough understanding of the world: Sexual orientation and early childhoodeducation. Gender in Early Childhood. London: Routeledge.Keddie, A. (2003). Boys Investments in Football Culture: Challenging Genderedand Homophobic Understandings. Journal of Interdisciplinary GenderStudies. University of Southern QueenslandMcInnes, D. Couch, M. (2004). Quiet Please! There‟s a Lasy on the Stage-Boys, Gender and Sexuality Non-conformity and Class. Discourse: Studies inthe Cultural Politics of Education. Doi: 10.1080/0159630042000290937Palotta- Chiarolli, M. (1995) Can I use the word „gay‟?. Boys in Schools. LaneCove: Finch Publishing.
ReferencingRenold, E. (2006). They wont let us play…unless you‟re going out with one ofthem: girls, boys and Butlers „Heterosexual Matrix‟ in the primary years.British Journal of Sociology of Education. Doi: 10.1080/01425690600803111Renold, E. (2007). Primary School “Studs”: (De)Constructing Young BoysHeterosexual Masculinities. Men and Masculinities. Doi:10.1177/1097184X05277711http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0072820144/student_viewo/chapteris