Happenings

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Accompanies a lecture at Montana Tech.

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Happenings

  1. 1. Allan Kaprow “ Happenings” – Referencing The New Media Reader, Wardrip-Fruin & Montfort
  2. 2. “ Happenings” in the New York Scene appeared first in Art News, 1961.
  3. 3. About Allan Kaprow 1927 - 2006 <ul><li>“ Happenings” were a milestone for emergence of interactivity in art because they broke down distinctions between creator/author and audience. </li></ul><ul><li>Compares/connects with Boal ’s theatre insofar as it gives responsibility to the observer – making observers “spectactors.” </li></ul><ul><li>Richard Schechner, founder of “Environmental Theatre” was highly influenced by this work. </li></ul>
  4. 4. “ Happenings” history and place in art <ul><li>(According to Kaprow) Comes from three influences: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Sophisticated, witty pieces put on by theatre people (eg Peter Brook ’s interpretation of Artaud’s Theatre of Cruelty). </li></ul><ul><li>2. The sparcely abstract, Zen-like rituals given by writers and musicians, eg John Cages, 4 ’11” </li></ul><ul><li>3. Some have a history that goes back to Surrealism, Dada, the circus, all the way back to medieval plays and ritual. </li></ul>
  5. 7. “ Happenings” history and place in art (2) <ul><li>Happenings are events that simply happen. </li></ul><ul><li>Make no particular literary point and have no structured beginning, middle, and end. </li></ul><ul><li>Occur in “Found spaces” -- lofts, basements, natural surroundings-- no separation of audience and play. </li></ul><ul><li>The element of “chance” is key because it implies risk and fear. A Happening cannot be reproduced. Contains “Aleatory” Elements. (Roger Callois, John Cage.) </li></ul>
  6. 8. Some Links to Follow Up <ul><li>Allan Kaprow Inspired Happening </li></ul><ul><li>Allan Kaprow ’ s POSE Revisited </li></ul><ul><li>BlackEyesPeas Flashmob Happening </li></ul><ul><li>Flashmob for Peace </li></ul><ul><li>TED talk by Jane McGonigal, Gaming Can Make a Better World. </li></ul>

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