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  • 1. Andy’s Angels
  • 2. Who is Andy’s Angels and how we are helping others?  Creating Awareness  Working with families on how to cope  Working with addicts to make positive changes in life and to seek out treatment  Providing assistance to those who cannot afford rehabilitation  Continue to work with families and addicts during and after the recovery process
  • 3. What are Opiates? Opiates are narcotics derived from Opium Can be produced naturally or synthetically Act as depressants in the Central Nervous System Alleviate pain and produce feelings of euphoria Highly Addictive Oxycontin, Percocet, Vicodin, Fentanyl, Demerol, Morphine, Hydrocodone, Heroin
  • 4. History of Opiates 1810 Morphine is developed as a Painkiller 1850s Morphine is used to treat pain and is available over the counter 1860s Thousands of soldiers returning home from Civil War are morphine addicts 1874 Heroin is developed in place of morphine to cure people of their morphine addiction. It was considered safe and non addictive 1870s-1900s Heroin is packaged and given to adults and children as freely as aspirin today
  • 5. History of Opiates Cont’d 1911 Bristish Pharmaceutical Codex publishes Heroin as addictive 1913 Bayer ceases producing Heroin 1920 Congress implements Dangerous Drug Act which no longer allows Heroin to be sold over the counter 1924 Heroin Epidemic leads Congress to pass the Heroin Act making possession and sale illegal 1995 Oxycontin is introduced for terminal cancer patients only
  • 6. How Opiates Manipulate the Brain  We depend on our brain’s ability to release dopamin, and endorphin, in order to experience pleasure and motivate our responses to everyday life  Opiates produce very large and rapid dopamine surges and the brain responds by reducing normal dopamine activity and over time ceases production altogether  The ability to experience any pleasure is reduced and causes depression and lifelessness.
  • 7. Oxycontin is Introduced  1995 Purdue Pharma introduces Oxycontin for terminally ill cancer patients  2001 Congress declares a “Decade of Pain Control” and encourages doctors to treat all patients for pain  300 million prescriptions for opiates are written which is enough for every adult American to be medicated around the clock for one month  US consumes 80% of all of the worlds supply of opiates
  • 8. Purdue Pharma 2007 plead guilty for “intent to defraud public” They advertised Oxycontin as “addiction proof” and promoted the drug for off label uses Forced to pay $635 million in fines
  • 9. How Big is the Problem  In 2010 12 million people in the US (over 12) reported using prescription painkillers for nonmedical reasons  The misuse and abuse was responsible for more than 475,000 emergency room visits  Accidental overdoses claims more lives each year than firearms, homicides, AIDS, and vehicle accidents  22 million Americans have a dependency problem  1 Baby born every hour with an opiate dependency  One death every 19 minutes
  • 10. Rates of prescriptionpainkiller sales, deaths andsubstance abuse treatment admissions (1999-2010)
  • 11. Why kids are usingprescription opiates?  If a doctor prescribed it then it must be safe  See parents and grandparents taking them  Found in most medicine cabinets
  • 12. 2010 Purdue Pharma produces atime release form of Oxycotin and Heroin use escalates  Time release doesn’t produce immediate “high”  Oxy =$80 per pill  Heroin = $10 per hit  Easy access to cheap Heroin which has same molecular structure as Oxycontin
  • 13. Molecular Structure of Oxycontin Molecular Structure of Heroin
  • 14. Heroin Use on the Rise 2011  Ohio has more heroin deaths than on the highway  Charlotte, NC sees five-fold increase  Cincinnati has 900% increase in heroin confiscated  Heroin addicts seeking treatment rises in Michigan from 7,857 to 10,924  680 people die from heroin overdoses in Michigan  In Jackson County, there are 9 deaths in 2011, 12 deaths in 2012, and 3 deaths this year already
  • 15. Path of an Opiate User1. Fun: Escape from reality. Rush of euphoria2. Dependency: Can happen after just 3 days of use. Body has a physical dependence for the drug and without it the user can withdrawal3. Addiction: Chemical change has occurred in the brain. Drug is needed above all else including food an water4. Illegal Activity: Usually theft to support the drug habit. Also, driving under the influence5. Death
  • 16. Know the Signs Withdrawal from activities, work, friends Hanging out with a new group of people Excessive absence from work or school Excessive Sleeping Lack on interest in food Weight loss Headaches No money Missing spoons Empty lighters Qtips
  • 17. SEEK HELP IMMEDIATELYYour Loved One is Dying
  • 18. What you can do in your home  Secure prescription drugs  Dispose of any unused prescriptions  Educate yourself on the signs  Educate your kids on the dangers of opiates
  • 19. Conversations you canhave with your doctor  Look for alternatives when being prescribed an opiate  Ask your doctor about the drug prescribed and its side effects  Ask about dosage and make sure the amount prescribed is limited to a short period of time
  • 20. What you can do in your community  Form your own neighborhood watch group  Exchange information with other parents about drug use  Work with local law enforcement  Talk with your schools regarding educating children on drug use  Talk to your local elected officials regarding unused prescription drop off centers
  • 21. To look the other way is to give permission. – Mike Hirst