Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply



Published on

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

No notes for slide


  • 1. Andy’s Angels
  • 2. Who is Andy’s Angels and how we are helping others?  Creating Awareness  Working with families on how to cope  Working with addicts to make positive changes in life and to seek out treatment  Providing assistance to those who cannot afford rehabilitation  Continue to work with families and addicts during and after the recovery process
  • 3. What are Opiates? Opiates are narcotics derived from Opium Can be produced naturally or synthetically Act as depressants in the Central Nervous System Alleviate pain and produce feelings of euphoria Highly Addictive Oxycontin, Percocet, Vicodin, Fentanyl, Demerol, Morphine, Hydrocodone, Heroin
  • 4. History of Opiates 1810 Morphine is developed as a Painkiller 1850s Morphine is used to treat pain and is available over the counter 1860s Thousands of soldiers returning home from Civil War are morphine addicts 1874 Heroin is developed in place of morphine to cure people of their morphine addiction. It was considered safe and non addictive 1870s-1900s Heroin is packaged and given to adults and children as freely as aspirin today
  • 5. History of Opiates Cont’d 1911 Bristish Pharmaceutical Codex publishes Heroin as addictive 1913 Bayer ceases producing Heroin 1920 Congress implements Dangerous Drug Act which no longer allows Heroin to be sold over the counter 1924 Heroin Epidemic leads Congress to pass the Heroin Act making possession and sale illegal 1995 Oxycontin is introduced for terminal cancer patients only
  • 6. How Opiates Manipulate the Brain  We depend on our brain’s ability to release dopamin, and endorphin, in order to experience pleasure and motivate our responses to everyday life  Opiates produce very large and rapid dopamine surges and the brain responds by reducing normal dopamine activity and over time ceases production altogether  The ability to experience any pleasure is reduced and causes depression and lifelessness.
  • 7. Oxycontin is Introduced  1995 Purdue Pharma introduces Oxycontin for terminally ill cancer patients  2001 Congress declares a “Decade of Pain Control” and encourages doctors to treat all patients for pain  300 million prescriptions for opiates are written which is enough for every adult American to be medicated around the clock for one month  US consumes 80% of all of the worlds supply of opiates
  • 8. Purdue Pharma 2007 plead guilty for “intent to defraud public” They advertised Oxycontin as “addiction proof” and promoted the drug for off label uses Forced to pay $635 million in fines
  • 9. How Big is the Problem  In 2010 12 million people in the US (over 12) reported using prescription painkillers for nonmedical reasons  The misuse and abuse was responsible for more than 475,000 emergency room visits  Accidental overdoses claims more lives each year than firearms, homicides, AIDS, and vehicle accidents  22 million Americans have a dependency problem  1 Baby born every hour with an opiate dependency  One death every 19 minutes
  • 10. Rates of prescriptionpainkiller sales, deaths andsubstance abuse treatment admissions (1999-2010)
  • 11. Why kids are usingprescription opiates?  If a doctor prescribed it then it must be safe  See parents and grandparents taking them  Found in most medicine cabinets
  • 12. 2010 Purdue Pharma produces atime release form of Oxycotin and Heroin use escalates  Time release doesn’t produce immediate “high”  Oxy =$80 per pill  Heroin = $10 per hit  Easy access to cheap Heroin which has same molecular structure as Oxycontin
  • 13. Molecular Structure of Oxycontin Molecular Structure of Heroin
  • 14. Heroin Use on the Rise 2011  Ohio has more heroin deaths than on the highway  Charlotte, NC sees five-fold increase  Cincinnati has 900% increase in heroin confiscated  Heroin addicts seeking treatment rises in Michigan from 7,857 to 10,924  680 people die from heroin overdoses in Michigan  In Jackson County, there are 9 deaths in 2011, 12 deaths in 2012, and 3 deaths this year already
  • 15. Path of an Opiate User1. Fun: Escape from reality. Rush of euphoria2. Dependency: Can happen after just 3 days of use. Body has a physical dependence for the drug and without it the user can withdrawal3. Addiction: Chemical change has occurred in the brain. Drug is needed above all else including food an water4. Illegal Activity: Usually theft to support the drug habit. Also, driving under the influence5. Death
  • 16. Know the Signs Withdrawal from activities, work, friends Hanging out with a new group of people Excessive absence from work or school Excessive Sleeping Lack on interest in food Weight loss Headaches No money Missing spoons Empty lighters Qtips
  • 17. SEEK HELP IMMEDIATELYYour Loved One is Dying
  • 18. What you can do in your home  Secure prescription drugs  Dispose of any unused prescriptions  Educate yourself on the signs  Educate your kids on the dangers of opiates
  • 19. Conversations you canhave with your doctor  Look for alternatives when being prescribed an opiate  Ask your doctor about the drug prescribed and its side effects  Ask about dosage and make sure the amount prescribed is limited to a short period of time
  • 20. What you can do in your community  Form your own neighborhood watch group  Exchange information with other parents about drug use  Work with local law enforcement  Talk with your schools regarding educating children on drug use  Talk to your local elected officials regarding unused prescription drop off centers
  • 21. To look the other way is to give permission. – Mike Hirst