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Basic English Grammar Meeting 7

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  • 1. Basic English Grammar For EnglishLanguage LearnersMeeting #7 Hery Yanto The English 3.0 Series, Summer 2012 July 9, 2012
  • 2. EnglishLanguage Testing Meeting #7 Part ofSpeech IIAGENDA
  • 3. Part IEnglish Language Testing
  • 4. Examples of Widely Examples of OtherAccepted Exams Quality Exams• Cambridge ESOL • Michigan Proficiency Examinations Exams• Test Of English for • Trinity College London International Exams Communication (TOEIC) • The Global TESOL• Test of English as a Foreign Certificate Language (TOEFL) • Harvard Institute for• International English Language Testing System English Language (IELTS) ProgramTypes of English Language Testing
  • 5. One of the admission One of the jobrequirements qualificationsWhy I have to take a language exam/testing?Photo used from Univ. of Birmingham and Tesolexpressonline
  • 6. • Design based on specific need of students/learners (job qualification, university enrollment, etc.)• Center the teaching and learning to skills and discourse based on the need• Ambiguity: English Testing Training is an ESP OR the ESP should be added to the English Testing Training• Known as English as a Foreign or Second Language, and English for Academic Purposes• Usually the learners are adults, and they are at the intermediate or advanced levelsEnglish for Specific Purposes (ESP)
  • 7. Contents StrategiesEnglish Testing Training Institute
  • 8. • Level A – Basic User • A1 – Beginner • A2 – Elementary• Level B – Independent User • B1 – Intermediate • B2 – Upper Intermediate• Level C – Proficient User • C1 – Advanced • C2 – MasteryCommon European Framework ofReference for Languages (CEFRL)
  • 9. IELTS Bands
  • 10. TOEFL iBT Scores
  • 11. - The university My score requires 5.5 for Support form IELTS. institution? - The university has an English Life Long Training Program. Learning? - I will continue to- I got 5 for my IELTS. improve my- I had difficulty on listening skill by understanding watching movies. conversations used in the test.- I am planning to apply Decision to a university in the UK next year.My Score = Self Reflection + Make Decision
  • 12. Part IIPart of Speech … Continue
  • 13. • Adjectives modify nouns and pronouns by answering questions such as Whose? Which one? What kind? How many?• Adjectives should be close to the words they modify. Frequently, they appear before the noun the noun they modify. • The pop star was driving along the Freeway in his luxury car when police pulled him over. • In an ideal situation, John would play 20 or 25 minutes off the bench.• Descriptive adjectives, designate qualities or attributes, may come before or after the noun or pronoun they modify for stylistic reasons.• Subject complements are adjectives that describe the subject and follow linking verbs. • The sick and poor lady no longer believed the drug could save her life. • The lady, sick and poor, no longer believed the drug could save her life. • No longer believing that the drug could save her live, the lady was sick and poor.Adjectives
  • 14. • The woodpecker and the squirrel seem hungry.• They take good care of the little cubs.• My younger brother Chung is short and cute.• The downtown has colorful building.• He wrote a wonderful story.Underline the adjectives
  • 15. • The woodpecker and the squirrel seem hungry.• They take good care of the little cubs.• My younger brother Chung is short and cute.• The downtown has colorful building.• He wrote a wonderful story.Solution: Underline the adjectives
  • 16. • Adverbs modify verbs, other adverbs, and adjectives.• Adverbs usually end in –ly.• Adverbs can be placed at the beginning or end of a sentence, or before the verb they modify, but they usually should not be placed between the verbs and its direct object. • Normally it doesn’t rain much here. • He is interested in writing generally. • She had never sung better. • Consequently, he is still running the business.Practice Test:http://www.examenglish.com/grammar/b1_adverbs.htmAdverbs
  • 17. Photo used from esl-galaxy Free Download: English Prepositions List from EnglishClub.Com Brighton is south of London. The floor under the table. The train went through the tunnel. I am behind you on this thing. Function: To allow the noun or pronoun in the phrase to modify another word in the sentence.Prepositions
  • 18. • Your book is in the desk drawer.• Mr. Jones went to the post office with his wife.• Kenneth looks like his mother.• We can meet at three.• I heard the news from the radio.Underline the preposition
  • 19. • Your book is in the desk drawer.• Mr. Jones went to the post office with his wife.• Kenneth looks like his mother.• We can meet at three.• I heard the news from the radio.Solution: Underline the preposition
  • 20. • Conjunctions join words, phrases, or clauses and indicate their relation to each other.• Coordinating conjunctions join elements of equal weight or function. • He was strong and healthy. • The boys must have been tired, for they had been cleaning all day long.• Correlative conjunctions link sentence elements of equal value, but they always come in pairs. • Neither you nor I will go there today. • He is not only an excellent professor, but also a well-known researcher.• Subordinators link sentence element that are not equal importance. • Although I love you, I will not marry you. • As if that is going to be of any use to me! Practice Tests: http://a4esl.org/q/h/vm/conj01.htmlConjunctions http://a4esl.org/q/h/vm/conj02.html http://a4esl.org/q/h/9901/gc- connectives.html
  • 21. • Expressions – Verbal communication• They are not used in academic or business English, except in a quotation of dialogue. • Wow, that was amazing, Donny! • What you have to do is just click, hold, drag, and drop it here. You see how it works? Wii, pretty easy doesn’t it?Interjections
  • 22. • Oops…we forgot to bring umbrella.• Oh my, the game will be delay because of the rain.• Hurray, give the player a cheer!• Wew! Finally you made it!Underline the Interjections
  • 23. • Oops…we forgot to bring umbrella.• Oh my, the game will be delay because of the rain.• Hurray, give the player a cheer!• Wew! Finally you made it!Solution: Underline the Interjections
  • 24. • Send an email to the facilitator for enrolling to the course. Write your full name and your country of origin. For example: Ahmad Faisal, Nigeria.• The facilitator email address is herythe@hotmail.co.uk• Star to learn from the course website: http://basicenglishgrammar.weebly.com• Help us to improve the lesson/course by filling out a survey here: BEG SurveyClosing Notes