ENGLISH PROJECT TOPIC:- “”” JULIUS CAESAR “””PREPARED BY :- K.SAI KIRANCLASS :- 10TH C….*
J UL I US CAE S AR BY:- William Shakespeare This is a drama. As per our C.B.S.E(N.C.E.R.T) text book. And This is written by William Shakespeare William Shakespeare (1564-1616) is an English playwrightand poet, recognized in much of the world as the greatest ofall dramatists..***
*This a very big play and cbse has divided this entire play into some Scene and Acts….. *Have an Introduction to the lesson...
WARHistory Prophets Drama PoliticsMurderConspiracy Ghosts
His Name Gaius Julius Caesar Julius was the family name. Gaius was his The name of Gaius’given name, one branch of the Julius of only eight family was names which “Caesar,” which could be given originally meant to boys. “hairy.” Hair.
ELEMENTS OF FICTION/SHAKESPEARE TRAGEDY Exposition: Act I Characters & Setting Rising Action: Act II Introduction of Conflicts Act III Climax: In a tragedy, things usually go from Turning Point bad to worse in Act III Falling Action:Conflict resolution begins to fall into Act IV place Result of the climax Denouement: Act VMain conflicts are resolved This act includes a catastrophe, which is another climactic turning point in the story line.
Let’s have an introductionabout the characters in theplay…
Julius Caesar Physically weak: Caesar has several infirmities A tyrant: Caesar has had Marullus and Flaviusarrested Superstitious: Caesar believes in portents and dreams Indecisive: Caesar cannot make up his mind whether or notto go to the senate Inflexible: Caesar thinks himself perfect and decisiveProtagonist: Julius Caesar is an arrogant soldier and ambitiouspolitician, who believes that he is infallible. After his great victory overthe sons of Pompey, he believes that he is worthy of more power thanjust being the head of Rome; he wants to be crowned the leader of theentire Roman Empire.
Brutus* Of Noble Heritage Brutus is a Roman nobleman, as was hisfather Sincere: Brutus truly believes that his role in the assassinationis for the good of Rome Honest: He refuses to take bribes Naive: He believes in the essential goodness of those aroundhim Philosophical: His philosophies guide his actions and decisions.
Cassius· Envious: Cassius has contempt for Caesar and envies Caesarsposition · Fearful: Cassius is afraid that Caesar has ambitions to beking. He fears what might become of Rome in such an instance.· Politically Astute: He advises Brutus to assassinate Antony alongwith Caesar. Understanding what can happen, he advises Brutus not toallow Antony to speak at Caesars funeral.· Corrupt: Prior to the battle at Philippi, he is accused by Brutus oftaking bribes· Military Strategist: His battle plan for Philippi is well thought outand based on sound military principles
Marc Antony Loyal to Caesar: Antony loved and admired Caesar· Clever: Antony pretends to befriend the conspirators andasks that he be allowed to speak at Caesars funeralA skilled orator: Antonys speech at Caesars funeral swaysthe crowd Hard: Antonys role in condemning men to death shows hecan be as cold hearted as he is passionate· A skilled military leader: Antony has an equal voice inplanning the war against the legions of Brutus and Cassius
Major Theme of the playThe major theme of Julius Caesar is that misused power isa corruptive force. This is seen in the fact that Caesar is adictator suspected of being tyrannous, that Cassius is so power hungry that he assassinates Caesar, hoping to become more powerful himself, and that Antony, Octavius, and Lepidus become a dictatorial and tyrannical Triumvirate,worse than Caesar ever hinted at being.
Julius CaesarJuly 12, 100 BC – March15, 44 BC, was a Romanmilitary and political leaderand one of the mostinfluential men in classicalantiquity. He played acritical role in thetransformation of theRoman Republic into theRoman Empire.
Leading his legions across the Rubicon,Caesar sparked civil war in 49 BC that lefthim the undisputed master of the Romanworld.After assuming control of the government,he began extensive reforms of Romansociety and government.He was proclaimed dictator for life, and heheavily centralized the bureaucracy of theRepublic.
These events incited a friendof Caesar, Marcus JuniusBrutus, and a number of othersenators, to assassinate thedictator on the Ides of March(March 15th) in 44 BC.
• The assassins hoped to restore the normal running of the Republic, but their actions led to another Roman civil war, and eventually to the establishment of the autocratic Roman Empire by Caesars adopted heir, Augustus.• In 42 BC, two years after his assassination, the Roman Senate officially sanctified him as one of the Roman deities.
As Caesar began to read the false petition, Casca pulledat Caesars tunic and made a glancing thrust at thedictators neck. Caesar turned around quickly andcaught Casca by the arm, crying in Latin "Villain Casca,what do you do?" Casca, frightened, called to his fellowsenators in Greek: "Help, brothers!"Within moments, the entire group, including Brutus,was striking out at the dictator. Caesar attempted to getaway, but, blinded by blood, he tripped and fell; themen eventually murdering him as he lay, defenseless,on the lower steps of the portico. According toEutropius, around sixty or more men participated in theassassination. He was stabbed 35 times.
Caesars last words are given as "Et tu, Brute? Then fall, Caesar." Shortly after the assassination the senators left the building talking excitedly amongst themselves, and Brutus cried out to his beloved city: "People of Rome, we are once again free!".
Caesars death also marked, ironically, the end ofthe Roman Republic, for which the assassins had struck him down. The Roman middle and lower classes, with whom Caesar was immensely popular, were enraged that a small group of aristocrats had killed their champion.
Mark Antony gave a dramatic eulogy that appealed to the common people. It was a reflection of public opinion following Caesars murder. Antony, who had been drifting apart from Caesar, capitalizedon the grief of the Roman mob,perhaps with the intent of taking control of Rome himself.
MARK ANTONY: A loyal friend of Caesars. In contrast to the self-disciplined Brutus, Antony isnotoriously impulsive and pleasure-seeking, passionaterather than principled. He is extremely spontaneous and lives in the present moment. As resourceful as he is unscrupulous, Antony proves to be a dangerous enemy of Brutus and the other conspirators.
*This video is an extream summary of the play of julius caesar***