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Open Source as a sustainable model for collaborative Library Innovation

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Interactive session at the 2011 NextI Library Conference

Interactive session at the 2011 NextI Library Conference

Published in Technology , News & Politics
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  • 1. Open Source as a sustainable model for collaborative Library Innovation
  • 2. Session outline• Welcome/startup• Setting the scope, presentation• Workshop outline – Key Questions A, group workshops – 15-20 min – Presentation/dialogue, Questions A – 10 min – Key Questions B group workshops – 15-20 min – Presentation/dialogue, Questions B – 10 min – Key Questions C group workshops – 15-20 min – Presentation/dialogue, Questions C – 10 min• Wrap-up and summary
  • 3. Warm upQuestions
  • 4. - How many of You has been collaborating with other libraries on digital library projects?
  • 5. - How many of You has been collaborating with other libraries on digital library projects?- Based on Open Source?
  • 6. - How many of You has been collaborating with other libraries on digital library projects?- Based on Open Source?- Based on other libraries Open Source projects? - Did you give back? - Did they offer any sort of support and development?
  • 7. - How many of You has been collaborating with other libraries on digital library projects?- Based on Open Source?- Based on other libraries Open Source projects? - Did you give back? - Did they offer any sort of support and development?- Published your results as Open Source?
  • 8. - How many of You has been collaborating with other libraries on digital library projects?- Based on Open Source?- Based on other libraries Open Source projects? - Did you give back? - Did they offer any sort of support and development?- Published your results as Open Source?- Delivered documentation, support and further development to others?
  • 9. - How many of You has been collaborating with other libraries on digital library projects?- Based on Open Source?- Based on other libraries Open Source projects? - Did you give back? - Did they offer any sort of support and development?- Published your results as Open Source?- Delivered documentation, support and further development to others?- Being part of/building an organization/ community to support and further develop your results?
  • 10. - How many of You has been collaborating with other libraries on digital library projects?- Based on Open Source?- Based on other libraries Open Source projects? - Did you give back? - Did they offer any sort of support and development?- Published your results as Open Source?- Delivered documentation, support and further development to others?- Being part of/building an organization/ community to support and further develop your results?- How much did it cost? How large was Your benefit? How large was the other contributors benefit?
  • 11. Open Source as aSustainable modelfor CollaborativeLibrary Innovation
  • 12. 5 key principles of the open source way1. We believe in an open exchange. We can learn more from each other when information is open. A free exchange of ideas is critical to creating an environment where people are We believe in an open exchange. We can learn more allowed to learn and use existing information toward creating new ideas.2. from each other when information is collaborate,A free We We believe in the power of participation. When we are free to open. we create. can solve problems that no one person may be able to solve on their own. exchange of ideas is critical to creating an3. environmentprototyping.When youre free to allowed to learnthat leads We believe in rapid where Rapid prototypes can lead to rapid failures, but problems to better solutions found faster. people are experiment, you can look at and use existing information towardcan learn by doing. ideas. in new ways and look for answers in new places. You creating new4. We believe in meritocracy. In a meritocracy, the best ideas win. In a meritocracy, everyone has access to the same information. Successful work determines which projects rise and gather effort from the community.5. We believe in community. Communities are formed around a common purpose. They bring together diverse ideas and share work. Together, a global community can create beyond the capabilities of any one individual. It multiplies effort and shares the work. Together, we can do more. as defined by opensource.com
  • 13. 5 key principles of the open source way1. We believe in an open exchange. We can learn more from each other when information is open. A free exchange of ideas is critical to creating an environment where people are allowed to learn and use existing information toward creating new ideas.2. We believe in the power of participation. When we are free to collaborate, we create. We We believe in the power of participation. When we are can solve problems that no one person may be able to solve on their own.3. free to collaborate, we create.can leadcan solve problems We believe in rapid prototyping. Rapid prototypes We to rapid failures, but that leads that no one found answers in newbe freeYou experiment, youon look at problems to better solutions person When youre ablecan learn by doing. their own. in new ways and look for faster. may places. to to solve can4. We believe in meritocracy. In a meritocracy, the best ideas win. In a meritocracy, everyone has access to the same information. Successful work determines which projects rise and gather effort from the community.5. We believe in community. Communities are formed around a common purpose. They bring together diverse ideas and share work. Together, a global community can create beyond the capabilities of any one individual. It multiplies effort and shares the work. Together, we can do more. as defined by opensource.com
  • 14. 5 key principles of the open source way1. We believe in an open exchange. We can learn more from each other when information is open. A free exchange of ideas is critical to creating an environment where people are allowed to learn and use existing information toward creating new ideas.2. We believe in the power of participation. When we are free to collaborate, we create. We can solve problems that no one person may be able to solve on their own.3. Webelieve in rapid prototyping. prototyping. lead to rapid failures, but that leads We believe in rapid Rapid prototypes can Rapid prototypes can lead tosolutions found faster. When youre free to experiment, you can looksolutions to better rapid failures, but that leads to better at problems in new ways and look for answers in new places. You can learn by doing. found faster. When youre free to experiment, you can4. We believe in meritocracy. In a meritocracy, the best ideas win. In a meritocracy, everyone look at to the same information. Successful work determines which projects rise and in has access problems in new ways and look for answers new places.the community.learn by doing. gather effort from You can5. We believe in community. Communities are formed around a common purpose. They bring together diverse ideas and share work. Together, a global community can create beyond the capabilities of any one individual. It multiplies effort and shares the work. Together, we can do more. as defined by opensource.com
  • 15. 5 key principles of the open source way1. We believe in an open exchange. We can learn more from each other when information is open. A free exchange of ideas is critical to creating an environment where people are allowed to learn and use existing information toward creating new ideas.2. We believe in the power of participation. When we are free to collaborate, we create. We can solve problems that no one person may be able to solve on their own.3. We believe in rapid prototyping. Rapid prototypes can lead to rapid failures, but that leads We believe in meritocracy. In a meritocracy, the best to better solutions found faster. When youre free to experiment, you can look at problems in new ways and look for answers in new places. You can learn by doing. ideas win. In a meritocracy, everyone has access to the4. We believe in meritocracy. In a meritocracy, the best ideas win. In a meritocracy, everyone same information. Successful work determines rise and has access to the same information. Successful work determines which projects which projects risethe community. effort from the community. gather effort from and gather5. We believe in community. Communities are formed around a common purpose. They bring together diverse ideas and share work. Together, a global community can create beyond the capabilities of any one individual. It multiplies effort and shares the work. Together, we can do more. as defined by opensource.com
  • 16. 5 key principles of the open source way1. We believe in an open exchange. We can learn more from each other when information is open. A free exchange of ideas is critical to creating an environment where people are allowed to learn and use existing information toward creating new ideas.2. We believe in the power of participation. When we are free to collaborate, we create. We can solve problems that no one person may be able to solve on their own.3. We believe in rapid prototyping. Rapid prototypes can lead to rapid failures, but that leads to better solutions found faster. When youre free to experiment, you can look at problems in new ways and look for answers in new places. You can learn by doing. We believe in community. Communities are formed4. around to the same information. Successful work determinesInwhich projects rise and a common purpose. They bring together We believe in meritocracy. In a meritocracy, the best ideas win. a meritocracy, everyone has access diverse ideas and share work. Together, a global gather effort from the community.5. community can create beyond the capabilities of any We believe in community. Communities are formed around a common purpose. They bring together diverse ideas and share work. Together, a global community can create beyond onecapabilities of any one individual. It multiplies effort and shares the work.the work. the individual. It multiplies effort and shares Together, we can do more. Together, we can do more. as defined by opensource.com
  • 17. 1. We believe in an open exchange. We can learn more from each other when information is open. A free exchange of ideas is critical to creating an environment where people are allowed to learn and use existing information toward creating new ideas.2. We believe in the power of participation. When we are free to collaborate, we create. We can solve problems that no one person may be able to solve on their own.3. We believe in rapid prototyping. Rapid prototypes can lead to rapid failures, but that leads to better solutions found faster. When youre free to experiment, you can look at problems in new ways and look for answers in new places. You can learn by doing.4. We believe in meritocracy. In a meritocracy, the best ideas win. In a meritocracy, everyone has access to the same information. Successful work determines which projects rise and gather effort from the community.5. We believe in community. Communities are formed around a common purpose. They bring together diverse ideas and share work. Together, a global community can create beyond the capabilities of any one individual. It multiplies effort and shares the work. Together, we can do more.
  • 18. Open Source as aSustainable modelfor CollaborativeLibrary Innovation
  • 19. Dicole.com
  • 20. In digital ecosystems……you increase variety rather than act to reduce it.…you understand that best people are actually outside your organization.…you encourage situations where symbiotic relationships become possible.…you increase the capacity of adapting to changing conditions.…you understand that organizations are more like organisms than factories.…you open up your platforms and interfaces for outside-in innovation.…you are connected globally when acting locally. Dicole.com
  • 21. Digital Library project problems• results only used by one or a few number of libraries• built from scratch, each one with its own architecture, technology or data formats• seldom built upon other libraries earlier investments and results• the same problems solved with new projects again and again• results are closed applications and data rather than open platforms to support continuous improvement
  • 22. Digital Library project problems• results lacks continuous support and maintenance in order to support a wider adoption and use• complex and costly integrations with local systems, done again and again• monopoly in the library business – we need more innovative companies and products to work with• public sector governance – focus on control rather than results, reduces the innovative power• Public sector funding – focus on control rather than results, reduces the innovative power
  • 23. Digital Library project problems• Public Procurement Regulations (national, EU, etc.) not created to support collaboration and sharing in open environments• good and innovative people geographically spread and in different organizations• even the largest libraries are too small to fund, innovate and maintain platforms on their own• competition between libraries more important than the “common good”• national initiatives often very large, slow and big- bang oriented, over time overgoverned and static
  • 24. An example
  • 25. TING.concept TING.concept original map• Horizontal integration• Integrated search• Unified indexes – but extended with Linked Data + Federated search• Distributed model – integrates several systems and indexes• Unique through the focus on API´s and WS + partnerships• Support competition in the front end• Widgetize the world – mashup – match services - Interaction
  • 26. Community slogan eco- An open eco-system for digital cultural][cultural] innovation collaboration, and shared results
  • 27. TING.concept Community Library Partner Vendor Partner• Governance model• Different teams Mobile.TING Community TING.concept• Merits (except partner a mix) Council ------------- Community Work Group Community Ding.TING Content.TING Brønd.TING
  • 28. T!NGCONCEPTecosystem Use / Re-use Contribute Cooperate Projects Collaborate Separately owned, Baseed funded and governed B Based on / supports TINGInitiated Owned ParticipateGoverned Partnership Funded Committment System Individuals Vendors Libraries Institutions Publishers Etc. Integrators
  • 29. Ding.TING Library VendorEmpowered by Empowered by T!NG T!NG
  • 30. Digital Library project problems results only used by one or a few number of libraries built from scratch, each one with its own architecture, technology or data formats seldom built upon other libraries earlier investments and results the same problems solved with new projects again and again results are closed applications and data rather than open platforms to support continuous improvement
  • 31. Digital Library project problems~ Results lacks continuous support and maintenance in order to support a wider adoption and use Complex and costly integrations with local systems, done again and again~ Monopoly in the library business – we need more innovative companies and products to work with~ Public sector governance – focus on control rather than results, reduces the innovative power~ Public sector funding – focus on control rather than results, reduces the innovative power
  • 32. Digital Library project problems• Public Procurement Regulations (national, EU, etc.) not created to support collaboration and sharing in open environments good and innovative people geographically spread and in different organizations~ even the largest libraries are too small to fund, innovate and maintain platforms on their own~ competition between libraries more important than the “common good”• national initiatives often very large, slow and big- bang oriented, over time over-governed and static
  • 33. Dicole.com
  • 34. A need for a change of mindset Towards a situation where contribution for the commons are more worth than competing with other libraries/municipalities to be first/best/etc.
  • 35. Warm up questions• How can we better build upon other libraries results?• How do we support and maintain common platforms/products outside the scope of an individual library or project?• How do we coordinate and maintain common platforms/products without losing innovative power?• How do we fund common investments not directly tied to a specific project or library?• How much should/can be common solutions? National vs. local solutions? International?
  • 36. Warm up questions cont.• How do we create better competition and larger involvement from companies and individuals outside the library industry• How do we balance the rebel innovators with the need for public sector structure and control?• Licenses: strong/weak CopyLeft, Open Data, etc.• How can we use technology like Cloud Computing, linked data, Open API/WS, etc. to harness innovative power, reduce cost and open up for outside innovation?
  • 37. Workshop
  • 38. Key Questions A• Do we need something like a sustainable digital library eco-system?• Which key values/products should it support/deliver?• Which are the key parts/concepts within the eco-system?
  • 39. Key Questions B• How do we organize it?• How do we fund it?• Level of governance?• Level of collaboration – local, national, international?• How do we make people invest time, money and resources in it?
  • 40. Key Questions C• How could You/Your organization contribute to something like this?• Tomorrow• Within 1 year• 1-3 years• Never
  • 41. Wrap-up• Conclusions
  • 42. Thank You!