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  • 1. Grammar file 8 English File 21 Echo questions I’ve worked here for twenty-five years and Hana smokes. Does she? I’ve never been ill in my life. I didn’t enjoy it. Didn’t you? I’ll help you. Will you? No, he hasn’t. And neither have I. Haven’t you? ✦ Make echo questions with the auxiliary verb + the subject pronoun. ✦ Use echo questions to show interest and surprise.2 So / Neither do I., I do / don’t., etc. 4 The passive Agree Disagree ( / I love football. So do I. I don’t. Present Rice is grown It isn’t grown Is it grown I played yesterday. So did I. I didn’t. in China. in Germany. in France? I don’t like tennis. Neither do I. I do. Cars are made They aren’t Are they made I’m not a good player. Neither am I. I am. in Brazil. made in Monaco. in Korea? ✦ To agree: Past Paper was It wasn’t When was it Use So + auxiliary + subject pronoun to agree with a invented by the invented by the invented? + sentence. Chinese. Greeks. Use Neither + auxiliary + subject pronoun to agree with a * sentence. The pyramids They weren’t Were they were built by built by the built by the ✦ To disagree: the Egyptians. English. Pharaohs? Use subject + * auxiliary to disagree with a + sentence. ✦ Make the present passive with am / is / are + past Use subject + + auxiliary to disagree with a * participle. sentence. ✦ Make the past passive with was / were + past participle.3 Uses of will ✦ Use the preposition by to say who did the action. 1 Offers of help Shall I carry your bags? ✦ Use the passive when we aren’t interested in who does I’ll open the door for you. the action. 2 Promises We won’t be late. ✦ The passive is quite formal. We use it more in writing I’ll always love you. than speaking. 3 Unplanned decisions I’ll have the steak, please. I’ll do it now. 5 must / mustn’t + infinitive 4 Predictions I think Liverpool will win. I don’t think I’ll enjoy it. ( You must go to bed. ✦ Remember the four uses of will / won’t + infinitive. She mustn’t go to work. ✦ Use Shall I / we …? for offers. / How many tablets must I take? Shall I open the window? not Will I … ✦ must / mustn’t + infinitive is the same for all persons. ✦ Remember: ✦ Use must / mustn’t for strong advice and obligation. can ➝ will / won’t be able not I will can there is / are ➝ there will be (there’ll be) © Oxford University Press
  • 2. Grammar check 8 English File 21 Echo questions Write echo questions. 4 Uses of will . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 My brother’s a pilot. Is he? A 2 They’ve got a lot of money. 3 I don’t like horror films. 4 He lives with his parents. 5 I can’t use a computer. 6 I wouldn’t like to be famous. 7 They got married last week. 8 I’ll help you. B C2 So / Neither (do) I., I do / don’t. Complete B’s sentences. 1  I like coffee.  So do I, especially cappuccino. 2  I went out last night.  I didn’t. I stayed at home. D E 3  I haven’t got a car.  have I. We’ll have to walk. 4  I’d like a drink.  So I. I’m very thirsty. 5  I can’t ski.  I . I’m quite good. 6  I don’t like Sally. a Match the sentences 1 to 5 and pictures A to E.  I. I think 1 I’ll get you an aspirin. E she’s awful. 2 I think Newcastle’ll win today. 7  I’m tired. 3 They’re perfect. I’ll take them.  I. Really tired. 4 I won’t forget you. I’ll write! 8  I like Indian food. 5 Shall I turn the music down?  I . I think it’s too hot. b Match sentences 1 to 5 to their use.3 The passive Write the verbs in the passive (present or past). a promise an offer of help 1 and 1 The Coliseum was built by the Romans. an unplanned decision a prediction (build) 2 English is spoken all over the world. (speak) 5 must / mustn’t + infinitive Complete. 3 Cocoa to make 1 You must see the film. It’s wonderful! chocolate. (use) 2 You drink and drive. 4 When computers ? (invent) 3 You tell anybody. It’s a secret. 5 Datsun cars in Japan. 4 You be here at 6.00. It’s very (make) important. 6 I to their party last 5 You hitchhike alone. It’s very week. (not invite) dangerous. 6 You come and visit me soon. © Oxford University Press