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  • 1. Grammar file 7 English File 11 Present to past Present simple Past simple s + I / You / We / They work worked He / She / It works I (etc.) s – I (etc.) don’t work for IBM. didn’t work for IBM. He (etc.) doesn’t s ? Do you (etc.) work Did you (etc.) work What time does the film finish? What time did the film finish? s The past simple is the same for all personal pronouns (I / he, etc.). s Use did in s and didn’t in s . ? –2 Past simple s Regular and irregular verbs – s Regular verbs + I (etc.) didn’t see a film arrive yesterday. Present Past Spelling watch watched s ? s ✗ + ed see a film Yes, did. play played Did I (etc.) yesterday? I (etc.) arrive No, didn’t. live lived +d Contraction didn’t = did not I smoke I smoked 1 vowel + 1 consonant Use didn’t + infinitive in negatives. stop stopped s ➝ double consonant  I didn’t saw a film. study studied consonant + y ➝ ied s Use did + infinitive in questions.  Did you saw …? Pronunciation Word order in questions voiced (e.g. play) /d/ played lived studied unvoiced (e.g. watch) /t/ watched kissed stopped suestion suxiliary subject snfinitive Q A S I Did you go out last night? ending /t/ and /d/ /Id/ wanted needed painted Who did they go with? (e.g. want / need) What did Pam do? s Irregular verbs + s sss Remember: word order = A S I and Q A S I ssss Present Past Present simple GRAMMAR FILE 3 I go I went 3 Past time expressions I have I had I meet I met yesterday (afternoon). I see I saw this morning, etc. He went to the USA last night / week / month / year. s Verbs are only irregular in s. + in 1989. two years ago. s Don’t use the.  the last year s Time expressions can go at the beginning or end of a sentence. © Oxford University Press
  • 2. Grammar check 7 English File I1 Present to past Complete. 4 How there? By plane. ○ ○ ○ Present Past 5 How long ? Four days. ○ ○e a We live in Jakarta. We lived in Jakarta. 6 Where ? In a five-star ○ hotel. ○ b He lives in a flat. He in a flat. ○ ○ 7 any photos? Yes, I took a ○ c They don’t need it. They need it. lot of photos. ○ ○ ○ d She doesn’t speak She speak 8 a good time? Yes, I had a ○ French. French. great time! ○ ○ ○? e you have you have ○ 5 Regular and irregular verbs Complete with ○ lunch? lunch? ○ the verbs in the past. ○ f What she do? What she do? ○ (not) be cannot drive see get ○ ○ (not) have play read stay watch lookStudy tip ○ ○ ○............................................................. 1 We stayed at home last night but we didn’t ○☛ Compare tenses Study the chart. Which has ○ television. We some ○ more forms? Present simple / Past simple. ○............................................................. computer games. ○ ○ 2 I saw all The Godfather films and I ○ ○2 Regular verbs: spelling Write the verbs in the the book. ○ ○ past tense. 3 We 30 km to a famous restaurant but ○ ○ we a very good meal. ○ call called close love ○ ○ 4 She for her keys but she find stop try wash ○ them. ○ ○ work worry 5 He a taxi. Luckily it very ○ ○ expensive. ○3 Irregular verbs Complete. ○ ○ ○ Infinitive Past tense Negative 6 Past time expressions Match the sentence ○ halves. ○ 1 can could couldn’t ○ c ○ 1 They worked in Sicily for 2 get didn’t get ○ ○ 2 She was born thirty years ○ 3 went didn’t ○ 3 We travelled to China in ○ 4 didn’t have ○ 4 They got a new car ○ 5 leave didn’t ○ ○ 5 Leonardo da Vinci was born on ○ 6 didn’t meet ○ 6 I didn’t do very much last ○ 7 read didn’t ○ 7 You spoke to her at ○ 8 didn’t say ○ ○ 9 see didn’t a 1994. ○ ○ b April 15th, 1452. ○ 10 take didn’t ○ c fifteen years. ○ d night. ○ ○4 Questions Complete the questions. e yesterday. ○ ○ Remember Q A S I ! f half past eleven. ○ g ago. ○ 1 Where did you go? Bali. ○ ○ 2 Who with? I went alone. ○ ○ ○ 3 Why there? On business. ○ ○ ○ © Oxford University Press