File4 2

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File4 2

  1. 1. Grammar file 4 English File 21 Comparative adjectives, as … as 4 some… / any… / nobody, etc. San Francisco is cheaper than London. New York is more / less dangerous than LA. Restaurants are(n’t) as expensive as in London. The service is much / a bit better. ✦ To compare people, places, and things, use: 1 a comparative adjective + than 2 (not) as + adjective + as ✦ Use much (+ comparative) for a big difference, a bit (+ comparative) for a small difference. There isn’t Somebody’s in the Is anybody in the anybody in the2 Comparative adverbs bathroom. bathroom? bathroom. Adverb Comparative adverb ( / and and as subject Regular quickly more / less quickly Irregular fast faster People somebody anybody nobody hard harder someone anyone no one well better Things something anything nothing badly worse a lot more Places somewhere anywhere nowhere a little less ✦ Use somebody / anything / nowhere when you don’t Women drive more slowly than men. know exactly who / what / where. Men drive faster than women. ✦ in + use some… ✦ To compare two actions use a comparative adverb + than. ✦ in ? and * use any… but in * short answers, and as the subject, use no…,3 First conditional etc. will / won’t Who’s in the bathroom? Nobody. Nobody’s in the bathroom. ( ✦ Remember, (some)body and (some)one mean the I I You ’ll miss the train. You won’t catch it. same. etc. etc. 5 Superlative adjectives Adjective Comparative Superlative Spelling / & tall taller the tallest Will you tell him? Yes, I will. / No, I won’t. + est happy happier the happiest Contractions ’ll = will won’t = will not modern more modern the most modern + the most ✦ Use will / won’t + infinitive for all persons. expensive more expensive the most expensive good better the best If … + will / won’t bad worse the worst irregular If you don’t work, you won’t pass the exam. She’ll miss the train if she doesn’t hurry. Everest is the highest mountain in the world. French champagne is the most expensive. ✦ Make the first conditional with if + present simple and will / won’t + infinitive. The if-phrase can ✦ Use superlative adjectives to say that someone or something come first or second. is the biggest / tallest in a group. ✦ Use the first conditional to talk about a possible ✦ Use the + est or most to make superlative adjectives. future situation. © Oxford University Press
  2. 2. Grammar check 4 English File 21 Comparative adjectives Cross out the wrong 5 Superlative adjectives Complete the . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . form. sentences. 1 Chicago is violenter / more violent than San 1 Francisco. 2 London isn’t as expensive as / than Paris. 3 The train is cheaper as / than the plane. 4 China is much / more bigger than Vietnam. 5 English is more easy / easier than Japanese. 6 It’s much / much more polluted here.2 Comparative adverbs Write sentences. 1 my father / me (work hard) My father works harder than me. 2 my mother / my father (drive careful) 2 3 3 I / my husband (speak French well) 4 women / men (live long) 5 you / me (eat quick)3 First conditional Write the verbs in the correct tense. 1 It’ll be quicker if we get a taxi. (be, get) 2 If she me I her. (phone, 4 5 tell) 3 He you if you him. (help, ask) 4 If you now you late. (not go, be) 5 We a picnic if the weather good. (have, be)4 some… / any… / no… Complete with the right word. anybody anything nobody nothing something somewhere 1 The Americans drive the biggest cars in the 1  Did you do anything last night? world. (big)  No, special. 2 The Scots make whisky. (good) 2 She’d like to go nice this evening. 3 The Germans drink beer. 3 They didn’t meet they knew at (more) the party. 4 The Italians wear 4 We didn’t know because told us. clothes. (stylish) 5 I want to tell you important. 5 The British drink coffee. (bad) © Oxford University Press

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