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  • 1. Grammar file 2 English File 11 Articles 4 this / that / these / those s There are only two articles in English: a / an and the. a / an (indefinite article) a cassette. bag. It’s an office. umbrella. s Use a / an + a singular noun. s Use an + vowels (a, e, i, o, u). s Use a / an + jobs. I’m a doctor.  I’m doctor. the (definite article) s Use this / that + a singular noun. s Use these / those + plural nouns. 5 Present simple: I / you / we / they s + s – I the /D@/ door / windows. You Open speak English. I (etc.) don’t speak Italian. the /Di;/ envelope / umbrellas. We They Use the + singular and plural nouns. s s Say /Di;/ for the + vowels. s ? s ✗ Yes, do. Do you (etc.) speak German? I (etc.)2 Nouns No, don’t. Contraction don’t = do not Singular Plural Spelling a book books s The verb is the same for I, you, we, and they. +s an engineer engineers s Use do / don’t (= the auxiliary) in short answers. Do you like tea? Yes, I do.  Yes, I like. Also a watch watches /Iz/ 6 Adjectives (2) + es (after -ch, -sh, -s, -x, -z) a fax faxes quite I’m / You’re (etc.) tired. a country countries (not) very consonant + y ➝ ies a city cities s quite and (not) very go before the adjective. s Use -s, -es, and -ies to make plurals. s Don’t use a / an + plural nouns. 7 Age They’re books.  They’re a books. ‘How old are you?’ ‘I’m twenty-nine (years old).’3 How much …? / How many …? s Use verb be + age.  I have twenty-nine. ‘How many sandwiches?’ ‘Four, please.’ ‘How much is that?’ ‘It’s twelve dollars.’ s Use How many ...? + plural nouns. s Use How much ...? + money. © Oxford University Press
  • 2. Grammar check 2 English File I1 a Articles Complete with a or an. 4 this / that / these / those Complete. ○ ○ ○ 1 an airport Singular Plural ○ ○ 2 dog 1 That’s a fax. Those are faxes. ○ ○ 3 egg 2 is good. These pizzas are good. ○ ○ 4 hamburger ○ 3 Is this your key? your keys? ○ ○ 5 snake 4 Do you like those ○ ○ 6 year jacket? jackets? ○ ○ 7 Italian film 5 Are those seats free? ○ free? ○ 8 Chinese restaurant ○ ○ 6 How old’s that boy? How old ○ 9 important phone number ○ ? ○ ○ b Complete with a / an or the. ○ ○ 1 Can I have a piece of paper, please? 5 Present simple Write the negatives. ○ ○ 2 Please look at the board. ○ ○ 3 They speak little Japanese. ○ ○ ○ 4 What does he do? He’s actor. ○ 1 I work. I don’t work. ○ 5 Have nice day! ○ 2 I know. I . ○ 6 A is first letter of English alphabet. ○ 3 We like football. We . ○ 7 What’s this in English? It’s apple. ○ 4 They play tennis. They . ○ ○ 8 Where’s stress? Apple. ○ 5 I speak Russian. I . ○ ○2 Nouns Write the plural. 6 You understand. You . ○ ○ ○ Singular Plural ○ 6 Questions / Short answers Complete with ○ 1 a bus buses ○ do / don’t or verb be. ○ 2 a language ○ 1 Do you study French? No, I don’t. ○ ○ 3 a computer 2 Are you married? No, we aren’t. ○ ○ 4 a city ○ 3 they work here? Yes, they . ○ 5 a horse ○ 4 your friends like Chinese food? No, ○ 6 a sandwich ○ they . ○ ○ 7 a tree 5 she South American? No, she . ○ ○ 8 a monkey ○ 6 he happy? Yes, he . ○ 9 a bird ○ 7 that your bag? No, it . ○ ○ 8 you want to learn English? Yes, I . ○ ○3 How much …? / How many …? Complete. ○ ○ 1 How much is fifty pounds in US dollars? 7 quite / (not) very Write the sentences. Use ○ ○ 2 biscuits do you want? contractions. ○ ○ 1 cold we quite are We’re quite cold. ○ 3 students are in your class? ○ 2 they thirsty not are very ○ 4 is a coffee and a large coke? ○ ○ 3 very are hungry you ? ○ ○ 4 hot it quite is ○ ○ 5 is tired very he ? ○ ○ © Oxford University Press

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