Activities of non-governmental organizations in the field of cultural heritage in Montenegro (Aleksandra Kapetanovic)

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ver recent years non-governmental sector in Montenegro had been very active and has had an important role in creating an open and sound civil society. Among NGOs that are active in Montenegro very important is the presence of organizations which deal with cultural heritage from various aspects. So far, these NGOs have realized numerous projects, and they have been especially active in: presenting and popularizing heritage, researching and valorizing heritage, as well as in pointing out to problems and potentials of cultural heritage.

EXPEDITIO Centre for Sustainable Spatial Development is a non-governmental and non-profit organization seated in Kotor, Montenegro. It was founded in 1997 by six students of the final year at the Faculty of Architecture in Belgrade, with the aim of improving architectural and visual surroundings of our region. The organization has about 360 members and has conducted numerous projects in Montenegro and region addressing different problems of sustainable spatial development. The activities of EXPEDITIO are conducted through four sectors: cultural heritage, sustainable architecture, spatial planning and public advocacy. Within the Sector for Cultural Heritage EXPEDITIO realized numerous projects, such as: studies, architectural workshops, summer schools of architecture, round table discussions, exhibitions, publications,… participated in seminars, workshops, conferences in our country and abroad, and, together with representatives of state institutions, participated as member of working groups in projects dealing with cultural heritage.

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Activities of non-governmental organizations in the field of cultural heritage in Montenegro (Aleksandra Kapetanovic)

  1. 1. Activities of non-governmental organizations in the field of cultural heritage in Montenegro examples of NOTAR & EXPEDITIO EXPEDITIO Center for Sustainable Spatial Development Kotor | Montenegro Heritage Care through Active Citizenship March 23, 2009 | Mechelen Workshop I The local connection - Heritage, place & communities Aleksandra Kapetanovi ć
  2. 2. <ul><li>CONTENTS: </li></ul><ul><li>About Montenegro </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Heritage | potentials </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Heritage care | treats </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Activities of NGOs in the field of cultural heritage </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NOTAR - Centre for preservation and presentation of Kotor's documentary heritage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EXPEDITIO - Centre for Sustainable Spatial Development </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. About Montenegro heritage | potentials >>>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Montenegro </li></ul><ul><li>13 812 km2 </li></ul><ul><li>670 000 inhabitants </li></ul><ul><li>climate - Mediterranean & continental/ Alpine </li></ul><ul><li>Protected sites/areas: 360 Listed cultural sites, 4 National Parks, 2 UNESCO World Heritage Sites </li></ul>
  5. 5. + + + + + + BOKA KOTORSKA BAY SOUTH ADRIATIC COAST SKADAR LAKE CENTRAL AREA NORTH MONTENEGRO MONTENEGRO EAST MONTENEGRO Kotor region Durmitor natural and cultural-historic area natural area Cultural Heritage
  6. 6. Boka Kotorska
  7. 7. Unique combination of natural and cultural value: >>> UNESCO World Heritage List – region of Kotor inscribed in 1979 as a natural and cultural historical area >>> List of the Most Beautiful Bays in the World – Boka Kotorska inscribed in 2000 (among 32 most beautiful bays in the world)
  8. 8. Kotor
  9. 9. Kotor Kotor
  10. 10. Perast | Boka Kotorska
  11. 11. Dobrota | Boka Kotorska
  12. 12. Central Montenegro
  13. 13. Cetinje | Old Montenegrin capital
  14. 14. Archaeological sites | Duklja
  15. 15. Fortifications Onogost Medieval Town
  16. 16. Skadar lake | National park
  17. 18. Villages and Rural Areas Many villages in Montenegro have been abandoned. Godinje, Skadar Lake
  18. 19. Lov ć en | National park
  19. 21. North part
  20. 22. Monastery Mora ča
  21. 23. Husein Pasha Mosque, Pljevlja
  22. 26. Zabljak Old tombstones
  23. 30. Movable Heritage paintings sculptures dishes books Diatreta, Roman glass vessel, Pljevlja
  24. 31. Intangible Heritage tradition customs music
  25. 32. Cultural landscape
  26. 34. About Montenegro heritage care| threats >>>
  27. 35. <ul><li>Lack of national program and strategy for the development of cultural heritage </li></ul><ul><li>Incompatibility of existing laws </li></ul><ul><li>Incoherent and ineffective conservation system </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity, lack of professional staff </li></ul><ul><li>Transition period </li></ul><ul><li>Weak institutional system </li></ul><ul><li>Investment pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Uncontrolled urbanization </li></ul><ul><li>Heritage is not integrated into the planning system / strategic and spatial </li></ul>Factors that influence heritage care
  28. 36. Vrmac, Boka Kotorska (UNESCO) Unregulated planning
  29. 37. Bigova, Boka Kotorska Uncontrolled building
  30. 39. Sutomore Illegal building DANILOVGRAD ~ 30% ŽABLJAK ~ 36% HERCEG NOVI ~ 3-5% ROŽAJE ~ 64,70% PLAV ~ 30% PLJEVLJA ~ 30% TIVAT ~ 10% BUDVA – no information available * analysis by Expeditio
  31. 40. Dobrilovina … . not appropriate new interventions
  32. 41. quarry 2008 Perast, Boka Kotorska (UNESCO) Denying and t ransferring competencies Inefficient work of inspection
  33. 42. New development in Kotor 2006 (?!?) threats !
  34. 43. and m uch more …
  35. 44. Activities of NGOs in the field of cultural heritage in Montenegro >>>
  36. 45. over recent years NGOs very active & has had an important role in creating an open and sound civil society
  37. 46.
  38. 47. <ul><li>Mostly : </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation and promotion of heritage </li></ul><ul><li>Pointing out the problems and potentials of cultural heritage </li></ul><ul><li>Research and valorisation of heritage </li></ul><ul><li>Some of them: </li></ul><ul><li>Fostering tradition </li></ul><ul><li>Restoration and maintenance </li></ul>Projects implemented by the NGOs active in the heritage field <ul><li>Small local NGOs </li></ul><ul><li>Professional NGOs </li></ul><ul><li>Just few: </li></ul><ul><li>Education about heritage </li></ul><ul><li>Management </li></ul><ul><li>Fostering traditional crafts </li></ul>
  39. 48. Traditional manifesatations
  40. 49. Exhibitions
  41. 50. Information boards , Perast
  42. 51. Brochures, leaflets, maps …
  43. 53. Publications
  44. 54. Internet presen t ations
  45. 58. Examples of NOTAR and EXPEDITIO >>>
  46. 59. <ul><li>Both organisations seated in Kotor | </li></ul><ul><li>Boka Kotorska | on UNESCO World Heritage List </li></ul><ul><li>exceptional cultural landscape </li></ul><ul><li>about 40% movable cultural heritage of Montenegro </li></ul>NOTAR - Centre for preservation and presentation of Kotor's documentary heritage EXPEDITIO - Centre for Sustainable Spatial Development
  47. 60. NOTAR - Centre for preservation and presentation of Kotor's documentary heritage >>>
  48. 61. > much more attention has been paid to protection of immovable heritage and not to documentary heritage
  49. 62. <ul><li>NOTAR - Centre for preservation and presentation of Kotor's documentary heritage founded in 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>archival and librarian specialists </li></ul><ul><li>overcoming of shortcomings of state institutions </li></ul><ul><li>adequate preservation and presentation of written sources and early printed material deposited within cultural institutions of the state, church and private archives and libraries </li></ul><ul><li>In this moment NOTAR is only one organization dealing with that kind of cultural heritage in Montenegro </li></ul>
  50. 63. Heritage in danger
  51. 64. <ul><li>Activities >>> </li></ul><ul><li>Conference - Church archives and libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Summer School of Paleography, Diplomatics and Archival Science </li></ul><ul><li>Current >>> </li></ul><ul><li>digitizing of the oldest handwritten and early printed material deposited within cultural institutions and private archives and libraries in Kotor and Montenegro </li></ul><ul><li>Central maritime catalogue of Montenegro </li></ul>
  52. 65. Promotions and presentations
  53. 67. www.cdknotar.org
  54. 68. EXPEDITIO Center for Sustainable Spatial Development >>>
  55. 69. About EXPEDITIO... EXPEDITIO is a non-governmental and non profit organization situated in Kotor . EXPEDITIO was founded in 1997 by six students of architecture, with a goal to improve architectural and visual surrounding in the area. EXPEDITIO is now organization with about 400 members and numerous implemented projects related to solving problems in architecture, mainly in the field of architectural heritage on the territory of Montenegro.
  56. 70. VISION Arranged space for better life. MISSION Encouraging sustainable spatial development and enhancing urban and rural areas in Serbia and Montenegro through activities in the field of sustainable architecture, urbanism, spatial planning, cultural heritage and through projects influencing the overall development of civil society.
  57. 71. SECTORS >>> CULTURAL HERITAGE SPATIAL PLANING SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE CIVIL SOCIETY
  58. 72. <ul><li>Workshops </li></ul><ul><li>Researches </li></ul><ul><li>Studies </li></ul><ul><li>Publishing </li></ul><ul><li>Lectures </li></ul><ul><li>Exhibitions </li></ul><ul><li>Web sites </li></ul><ul><li>Campaigns </li></ul><ul><li>Partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>“ Watchdog” initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>Advocacy initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>Work camps for volunteers </li></ul><ul><li>Trainings etc. </li></ul>METHODS OF WORK
  59. 73. Cultural heritage > Architectural workshops > Restoration work camps > Conservation projects > Campaigns > Promotion of cultural heritage > Publications, translations of documents > Exhibitions > Internet presentations > Round tables, workshops, trainings, presentations > Studies > Reactions
  60. 74. Publishing
  61. 75. The 1 st project - PERAST ’97 Architectural workshop
  62. 76. Architectural Workshops: Perast, Grbalj, Skadar Lake ...
  63. 77. Lecturers, exhibitions ...
  64. 78. Restoration work camps - Perast
  65. 79. Competitions, presentations ...
  66. 80. Round tables, discussions, meetings, trainings, “watchdog initiatives” ...
  67. 81. Campaigns 2005/06
  68. 82. Kotor ramparts - Conservation project for the Middle Gate at Gurdic, project done for the Swedish organization Cultural Heritage without Borders, January-May 2005
  69. 83. SCOOPING STUDY « Conservation Of Cultural And Natural Heritage In Montenegro” Preliminary technical assessment of architectural and archaeological heritage – PTA , fesaibility studies business plans
  70. 84. <ul><li>Management plans for heritage sites </li></ul><ul><li>Kotor region – </li></ul><ul><li>UNESCO </li></ul><ul><li>World Heritage Site </li></ul><ul><li>Cetinje histioric center – </li></ul><ul><li>Montenegrin old capital </li></ul><ul><li>NGO representatives in working team </li></ul>
  71. 85. Conservation study of the built heritage of Kostanjica <ul><li>In collaboration with the Faculty of Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Basis for the master plan </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural landscape approach </li></ul><ul><li>Publication, promotion </li></ul>
  72. 86. … current & important reactions concerning inadequate interventions in protected areas >
  73. 91. Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world. Indeed, it's the only thing that ever has. Margaret Mead (1901-1978) , US Anthropologist
  74. 92. w w w . e x p e d i t i o . o r g

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