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© Robin Siktberg 200 9
Selecting an area for your herb garden Photo courtesy of Stock X-chng
Garden Planning <ul><li>Maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Budget </li></ul><ul><li>Water Source </li></ul><ul><li>Light </li><...
Light  <ul><li>Will my garden get 4 to 6 hours or more of sunlight? </li></ul><ul><li>Factor in shade: </li></ul><ul><ul><...
Space <ul><li>Start small </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Containers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4’ x 6’ minimum </li></ul></ul><ul><...
SOIL <ul><li>Soil testing </li></ul><ul><li>Ph factor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Easily determined with soil test </li></ul></u...
Soil Types <ul><li>Heavy clay soils </li></ul><ul><ul><li>add organic matter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>add grit and/or co...
Drainage <ul><li>Does your site have good drainage? </li></ul><ul><li>Raise the garden </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Containers </...
Use <ul><li>What will I be using my herb garden for? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Culinary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pleasure </...
Preparing the garden area Photo courtesy of Stock-xchng
Site Preparation <ul><li>Mark out the area </li></ul><ul><li>Remove weeds and grass </li></ul><ul><li>Dig your soil to at ...
Ready to Plant <ul><li>Seeds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Follow the directions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germination  </li></ul...
Fertilizing <ul><li>fertilize lightly </li></ul><ul><li>in Spring </li></ul><ul><li>use a slow release  fertilizer </li></...
Plant Selection <ul><li>Individual preference </li></ul><ul><li>Type of garden </li></ul><ul><li>Suitability to site </li>...
Sweet Basil ( Ocimum basilicum) <ul><li>Annual </li></ul><ul><li>1-2’ </li></ul><ul><li>Well-drained soil </li></ul><ul><l...
Chives ( Allium schoenoprasum ) <ul><li>Perennial </li></ul><ul><li>10-15” </li></ul><ul><li>Well-drained soil </li></ul><...
Dill ( Anethum graveolens ) <ul><li>Annual </li></ul><ul><li>2-3’ </li></ul><ul><li>Well-drained soil </li></ul><ul><li>Fu...
Lavender ( Lavandula angustifolia ) <ul><li>Perennial </li></ul><ul><li>2’ </li></ul><ul><li>Well-drained soil </li></ul><...
Lemon Balm ( Melissa officinalis ) <ul><li>Perennial </li></ul><ul><li>1-2’ </li></ul><ul><li>Full sun to partial shade </...
Marjoram ( Origanum majorana ) <ul><li>Perennial </li></ul><ul><li>8-12” </li></ul><ul><li>Well-drained soil </li></ul><ul...
Oregano ( Origanum vulgare ) <ul><li>Greek oregano is most commonly used for culinary </li></ul><ul><li>Full sun </li></ul...
Sage ( Salvia officinalis ) <ul><li>Perennial/Annual </li></ul><ul><li>18-30” </li></ul><ul><li>Well-drained soil </li></u...
Parsley ( Petroselinum crispum ) <ul><li>Annual or biennial </li></ul><ul><li>8” </li></ul><ul><li>Well-drained , non-acid...
Thyme ( Thymus vulgaris ) <ul><li>Hardy perennial </li></ul><ul><li>8-12” </li></ul><ul><li>Well-drained soil </li></ul><u...
Yarrow ( Achillea  sp.) <ul><li>Hardy perennial </li></ul><ul><li>2-12” </li></ul><ul><li>Full sun </li></ul><ul><li>Well-...
Containers <ul><li>Scented geraniums ( Pelargonium  sp.) </li></ul><ul><li>Rosemary ( Rosmarinus officinalis ) </li></ul><...
Pruning <ul><li>Improves shape </li></ul><ul><li>Remove dead material </li></ul><ul><li>Use proper pruners </li></ul><ul><...
Harvesting <ul><li>Preserve shape </li></ul><ul><li>Harvest after the dew has dried </li></ul><ul><li>Take cuttings before...
ENJOY! Photo courtesy of Stock-xchng
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Herb Gardening

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Step by Step Beginning Herb Gardening

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  • Transcript of "Herb Gardening"

    1. 1. © Robin Siktberg 200 9
    2. 2. Selecting an area for your herb garden Photo courtesy of Stock X-chng
    3. 3. Garden Planning <ul><li>Maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Budget </li></ul><ul><li>Water Source </li></ul><ul><li>Light </li></ul><ul><li>Space </li></ul><ul><li>Soil </li></ul><ul><li>Drainage </li></ul><ul><li>Protection </li></ul><ul><li>Use </li></ul>Photo courtesy of Microsoft clipart
    4. 4. Light <ul><li>Will my garden get 4 to 6 hours or more of sunlight? </li></ul><ul><li>Factor in shade: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Structures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trellises </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fences </li></ul></ul>Photo courtesy of Microsoft clipart
    5. 5. Space <ul><li>Start small </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Containers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4’ x 6’ minimum </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Size of garden in relation to landscape </li></ul><ul><li>Can you reach across your garden? </li></ul><ul><li>Can you maintain your garden? </li></ul>Photo courtesy of Microsoft clipart
    6. 6. SOIL <ul><li>Soil testing </li></ul><ul><li>Ph factor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Easily determined with soil test </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher than 7.5 use Sulfur </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower than 6.5 add agricultural Lime </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Acidic soils found in Eastern United States </li></ul><ul><li>Alkaline soils found in the West </li></ul>Photo courtesy of Microsoft clipart
    7. 7. Soil Types <ul><li>Heavy clay soils </li></ul><ul><ul><li>add organic matter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>add grit and/or coarse sand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>raised beds </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Light, sandy soils </li></ul><ul><ul><li>add organic matter, humus </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Drainage <ul><li>Does your site have good drainage? </li></ul><ul><li>Raise the garden </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Containers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Raised beds </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lower the water table </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ditches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drains </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ponds </li></ul></ul>Photo courtesy of Microsoft clipart
    9. 9. Use <ul><li>What will I be using my herb garden for? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Culinary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pleasure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focal Point </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crafts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cut flowers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attracting wildlife </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fragrance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Children </li></ul></ul>Photo courtesy of Stock-xchng
    10. 10. Preparing the garden area Photo courtesy of Stock-xchng
    11. 11. Site Preparation <ul><li>Mark out the area </li></ul><ul><li>Remove weeds and grass </li></ul><ul><li>Dig your soil to at least the depth of your shovel </li></ul><ul><li>Improve the soil </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Organic matter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lime </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compost </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Level out soil </li></ul>Photo courtesy of Microsoft clipart
    12. 12. Ready to Plant <ul><li>Seeds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Follow the directions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germination </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Transplants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Loosen up roots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soil should reach crown of plant </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mulch </li></ul>Photos courtesy of Microsoft clipart
    13. 13. Fertilizing <ul><li>fertilize lightly </li></ul><ul><li>in Spring </li></ul><ul><li>use a slow release fertilizer </li></ul><ul><li>too much fertilizer affects taste and fragrance </li></ul><ul><li>container plants need more fertilizer </li></ul>Types to use: *bonemeal *fish *blood *liquid seaweed *comfrey fertilizer Photo courtesy of Stock-xchng
    14. 14. Plant Selection <ul><li>Individual preference </li></ul><ul><li>Type of garden </li></ul><ul><li>Suitability to site </li></ul><ul><li>Growth habits </li></ul><ul><li>Special care </li></ul><ul><li>Start small </li></ul><ul><li>Keep records </li></ul>Photo courtesy of Microsoft clipart
    15. 15. Sweet Basil ( Ocimum basilicum) <ul><li>Annual </li></ul><ul><li>1-2’ </li></ul><ul><li>Well-drained soil </li></ul><ul><li>Full sun </li></ul><ul><li>Culinary </li></ul><ul><li>Foliage/landscaping </li></ul><ul><li>Seeds, cuttings </li></ul>© Robin Siktberg 2009
    16. 16. Chives ( Allium schoenoprasum ) <ul><li>Perennial </li></ul><ul><li>10-15” </li></ul><ul><li>Well-drained soil </li></ul><ul><li>Full sun </li></ul><ul><li>Culinary, crafts </li></ul><ul><li>Divide every two to three years </li></ul>© Robin Siktberg 2009
    17. 17. Dill ( Anethum graveolens ) <ul><li>Annual </li></ul><ul><li>2-3’ </li></ul><ul><li>Well-drained soil </li></ul><ul><li>Full sun </li></ul><ul><li>May need staking </li></ul><ul><li>Culinary </li></ul><ul><li>Self-sows </li></ul>Photo courtesy of stock-xchng
    18. 18. Lavender ( Lavandula angustifolia ) <ul><li>Perennial </li></ul><ul><li>2’ </li></ul><ul><li>Well-drained soil </li></ul><ul><li>Full sun </li></ul><ul><li>Alkaline, sandy loam </li></ul><ul><li>Needs winter protection </li></ul>Photo courtesy of stock-xchng
    19. 19. Lemon Balm ( Melissa officinalis ) <ul><li>Perennial </li></ul><ul><li>1-2’ </li></ul><ul><li>Full sun to partial shade </li></ul><ul><li>Well-drained soil </li></ul><ul><li>Remove spent flowers </li></ul><ul><li>Can become a nuisance </li></ul>© Robin Siktberg 2009
    20. 20. Marjoram ( Origanum majorana ) <ul><li>Perennial </li></ul><ul><li>8-12” </li></ul><ul><li>Well-drained soil </li></ul><ul><li>Full sun </li></ul>Photo courtesy of stock-xchng
    21. 21. Oregano ( Origanum vulgare ) <ul><li>Greek oregano is most commonly used for culinary </li></ul><ul><li>Full sun </li></ul><ul><li>Well-drained soil </li></ul>© Robin Siktberg 2009
    22. 22. Sage ( Salvia officinalis ) <ul><li>Perennial/Annual </li></ul><ul><li>18-30” </li></ul><ul><li>Well-drained soil </li></ul><ul><li>Alkaline soil </li></ul><ul><li>Full sun </li></ul>© Robin Siktberg 2009
    23. 23. Parsley ( Petroselinum crispum ) <ul><li>Annual or biennial </li></ul><ul><li>8” </li></ul><ul><li>Well-drained , non-acidic soil </li></ul><ul><li>Full sun </li></ul><ul><li>Flat leaf variety better for culinary use </li></ul><ul><li>Slow to germinate </li></ul><ul><li>Use curly variety for edging/borders </li></ul>Photo courtesy of stock-xchng
    24. 24. Thyme ( Thymus vulgaris ) <ul><li>Hardy perennial </li></ul><ul><li>8-12” </li></ul><ul><li>Well-drained soil </li></ul><ul><li>Full sun </li></ul><ul><li>Borders/Edging </li></ul><ul><li>Many varieties: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lemon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creeping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wooly </li></ul></ul>© Robin Siktberg 2009
    25. 25. Yarrow ( Achillea sp.) <ul><li>Hardy perennial </li></ul><ul><li>2-12” </li></ul><ul><li>Full sun </li></ul><ul><li>Well-drained soil </li></ul><ul><li>Borders </li></ul><ul><li>Rock gardens </li></ul>© Robin Siktberg 2009
    26. 26. Containers <ul><li>Scented geraniums ( Pelargonium sp.) </li></ul><ul><li>Rosemary ( Rosmarinus officinalis ) </li></ul><ul><li>Mints ( Mentha sp.) </li></ul><ul><li>Bay ( Laurus nobilis) </li></ul>© Robin Siktberg 2009
    27. 27. Pruning <ul><li>Improves shape </li></ul><ul><li>Remove dead material </li></ul><ul><li>Use proper pruners </li></ul><ul><li>Cut back weak plants </li></ul><ul><li>Harvesting is a form of pruning </li></ul>Photo courtesy of Microsoft clipart
    28. 28. Harvesting <ul><li>Preserve shape </li></ul><ul><li>Harvest after the dew has dried </li></ul><ul><li>Take cuttings before the plant blooms </li></ul><ul><li>Collect in paper bag or basket </li></ul>Photo courtesy of Stock-xchng
    29. 29. ENJOY! Photo courtesy of Stock-xchng
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