Herb Gardening

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Step by Step Beginning Herb Gardening

Step by Step Beginning Herb Gardening

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  • 1. © Robin Siktberg 200 9
  • 2. Selecting an area for your herb garden Photo courtesy of Stock X-chng
  • 3. Garden Planning
    • Maintenance
    • Budget
    • Water Source
    • Light
    • Space
    • Soil
    • Drainage
    • Protection
    • Use
    Photo courtesy of Microsoft clipart
  • 4. Light
    • Will my garden get 4 to 6 hours or more of sunlight?
    • Factor in shade:
      • Structures
      • Trees
      • Trellises
      • Fences
    Photo courtesy of Microsoft clipart
  • 5. Space
    • Start small
      • Containers
      • 4’ x 6’ minimum
    • Size of garden in relation to landscape
    • Can you reach across your garden?
    • Can you maintain your garden?
    Photo courtesy of Microsoft clipart
  • 6. SOIL
    • Soil testing
    • Ph factor
      • Easily determined with soil test
      • Higher than 7.5 use Sulfur
      • Lower than 6.5 add agricultural Lime
    • Acidic soils found in Eastern United States
    • Alkaline soils found in the West
    Photo courtesy of Microsoft clipart
  • 7. Soil Types
    • Heavy clay soils
      • add organic matter
      • add grit and/or coarse sand
      • raised beds
    • Light, sandy soils
      • add organic matter, humus
  • 8. Drainage
    • Does your site have good drainage?
    • Raise the garden
      • Containers
      • Raised beds
    • Lower the water table
      • Ditches
      • Drains
      • Ponds
    Photo courtesy of Microsoft clipart
  • 9. Use
    • What will I be using my herb garden for?
      • Culinary
      • Pleasure
      • Focal Point
      • Crafts
      • Cut flowers
      • Attracting wildlife
      • Fragrance
      • Children
    Photo courtesy of Stock-xchng
  • 10. Preparing the garden area Photo courtesy of Stock-xchng
  • 11. Site Preparation
    • Mark out the area
    • Remove weeds and grass
    • Dig your soil to at least the depth of your shovel
    • Improve the soil
      • Organic matter
      • Lime
      • Manure
      • Compost
    • Level out soil
    Photo courtesy of Microsoft clipart
  • 12. Ready to Plant
    • Seeds
      • Follow the directions
      • Germination
    • Transplants
      • Loosen up roots
      • Soil should reach crown of plant
    • Mulch
    Photos courtesy of Microsoft clipart
  • 13. Fertilizing
    • fertilize lightly
    • in Spring
    • use a slow release fertilizer
    • too much fertilizer affects taste and fragrance
    • container plants need more fertilizer
    Types to use: *bonemeal *fish *blood *liquid seaweed *comfrey fertilizer Photo courtesy of Stock-xchng
  • 14. Plant Selection
    • Individual preference
    • Type of garden
    • Suitability to site
    • Growth habits
    • Special care
    • Start small
    • Keep records
    Photo courtesy of Microsoft clipart
  • 15. Sweet Basil ( Ocimum basilicum)
    • Annual
    • 1-2’
    • Well-drained soil
    • Full sun
    • Culinary
    • Foliage/landscaping
    • Seeds, cuttings
    © Robin Siktberg 2009
  • 16. Chives ( Allium schoenoprasum )
    • Perennial
    • 10-15”
    • Well-drained soil
    • Full sun
    • Culinary, crafts
    • Divide every two to three years
    © Robin Siktberg 2009
  • 17. Dill ( Anethum graveolens )
    • Annual
    • 2-3’
    • Well-drained soil
    • Full sun
    • May need staking
    • Culinary
    • Self-sows
    Photo courtesy of stock-xchng
  • 18. Lavender ( Lavandula angustifolia )
    • Perennial
    • 2’
    • Well-drained soil
    • Full sun
    • Alkaline, sandy loam
    • Needs winter protection
    Photo courtesy of stock-xchng
  • 19. Lemon Balm ( Melissa officinalis )
    • Perennial
    • 1-2’
    • Full sun to partial shade
    • Well-drained soil
    • Remove spent flowers
    • Can become a nuisance
    © Robin Siktberg 2009
  • 20. Marjoram ( Origanum majorana )
    • Perennial
    • 8-12”
    • Well-drained soil
    • Full sun
    Photo courtesy of stock-xchng
  • 21. Oregano ( Origanum vulgare )
    • Greek oregano is most commonly used for culinary
    • Full sun
    • Well-drained soil
    © Robin Siktberg 2009
  • 22. Sage ( Salvia officinalis )
    • Perennial/Annual
    • 18-30”
    • Well-drained soil
    • Alkaline soil
    • Full sun
    © Robin Siktberg 2009
  • 23. Parsley ( Petroselinum crispum )
    • Annual or biennial
    • 8”
    • Well-drained , non-acidic soil
    • Full sun
    • Flat leaf variety better for culinary use
    • Slow to germinate
    • Use curly variety for edging/borders
    Photo courtesy of stock-xchng
  • 24. Thyme ( Thymus vulgaris )
    • Hardy perennial
    • 8-12”
    • Well-drained soil
    • Full sun
    • Borders/Edging
    • Many varieties:
      • Lemon
      • Creeping
      • Wooly
    © Robin Siktberg 2009
  • 25. Yarrow ( Achillea sp.)
    • Hardy perennial
    • 2-12”
    • Full sun
    • Well-drained soil
    • Borders
    • Rock gardens
    © Robin Siktberg 2009
  • 26. Containers
    • Scented geraniums ( Pelargonium sp.)
    • Rosemary ( Rosmarinus officinalis )
    • Mints ( Mentha sp.)
    • Bay ( Laurus nobilis)
    © Robin Siktberg 2009
  • 27. Pruning
    • Improves shape
    • Remove dead material
    • Use proper pruners
    • Cut back weak plants
    • Harvesting is a form of pruning
    Photo courtesy of Microsoft clipart
  • 28. Harvesting
    • Preserve shape
    • Harvest after the dew has dried
    • Take cuttings before the plant blooms
    • Collect in paper bag or basket
    Photo courtesy of Stock-xchng
  • 29. ENJOY! Photo courtesy of Stock-xchng