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Herb Gardening

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Step by Step Beginning Herb Gardening

Step by Step Beginning Herb Gardening


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    • 1. © Robin Siktberg 200 9
    • 2. Selecting an area for your herb garden Photo courtesy of Stock X-chng
    • 3. Garden Planning
      • Maintenance
      • Budget
      • Water Source
      • Light
      • Space
      • Soil
      • Drainage
      • Protection
      • Use
      Photo courtesy of Microsoft clipart
    • 4. Light
      • Will my garden get 4 to 6 hours or more of sunlight?
      • Factor in shade:
        • Structures
        • Trees
        • Trellises
        • Fences
      Photo courtesy of Microsoft clipart
    • 5. Space
      • Start small
        • Containers
        • 4’ x 6’ minimum
      • Size of garden in relation to landscape
      • Can you reach across your garden?
      • Can you maintain your garden?
      Photo courtesy of Microsoft clipart
    • 6. SOIL
      • Soil testing
      • Ph factor
        • Easily determined with soil test
        • Higher than 7.5 use Sulfur
        • Lower than 6.5 add agricultural Lime
      • Acidic soils found in Eastern United States
      • Alkaline soils found in the West
      Photo courtesy of Microsoft clipart
    • 7. Soil Types
      • Heavy clay soils
        • add organic matter
        • add grit and/or coarse sand
        • raised beds
      • Light, sandy soils
        • add organic matter, humus
    • 8. Drainage
      • Does your site have good drainage?
      • Raise the garden
        • Containers
        • Raised beds
      • Lower the water table
        • Ditches
        • Drains
        • Ponds
      Photo courtesy of Microsoft clipart
    • 9. Use
      • What will I be using my herb garden for?
        • Culinary
        • Pleasure
        • Focal Point
        • Crafts
        • Cut flowers
        • Attracting wildlife
        • Fragrance
        • Children
      Photo courtesy of Stock-xchng
    • 10. Preparing the garden area Photo courtesy of Stock-xchng
    • 11. Site Preparation
      • Mark out the area
      • Remove weeds and grass
      • Dig your soil to at least the depth of your shovel
      • Improve the soil
        • Organic matter
        • Lime
        • Manure
        • Compost
      • Level out soil
      Photo courtesy of Microsoft clipart
    • 12. Ready to Plant
      • Seeds
        • Follow the directions
        • Germination
      • Transplants
        • Loosen up roots
        • Soil should reach crown of plant
      • Mulch
      Photos courtesy of Microsoft clipart
    • 13. Fertilizing
      • fertilize lightly
      • in Spring
      • use a slow release fertilizer
      • too much fertilizer affects taste and fragrance
      • container plants need more fertilizer
      Types to use: *bonemeal *fish *blood *liquid seaweed *comfrey fertilizer Photo courtesy of Stock-xchng
    • 14. Plant Selection
      • Individual preference
      • Type of garden
      • Suitability to site
      • Growth habits
      • Special care
      • Start small
      • Keep records
      Photo courtesy of Microsoft clipart
    • 15. Sweet Basil ( Ocimum basilicum)
      • Annual
      • 1-2’
      • Well-drained soil
      • Full sun
      • Culinary
      • Foliage/landscaping
      • Seeds, cuttings
      © Robin Siktberg 2009
    • 16. Chives ( Allium schoenoprasum )
      • Perennial
      • 10-15”
      • Well-drained soil
      • Full sun
      • Culinary, crafts
      • Divide every two to three years
      © Robin Siktberg 2009
    • 17. Dill ( Anethum graveolens )
      • Annual
      • 2-3’
      • Well-drained soil
      • Full sun
      • May need staking
      • Culinary
      • Self-sows
      Photo courtesy of stock-xchng
    • 18. Lavender ( Lavandula angustifolia )
      • Perennial
      • 2’
      • Well-drained soil
      • Full sun
      • Alkaline, sandy loam
      • Needs winter protection
      Photo courtesy of stock-xchng
    • 19. Lemon Balm ( Melissa officinalis )
      • Perennial
      • 1-2’
      • Full sun to partial shade
      • Well-drained soil
      • Remove spent flowers
      • Can become a nuisance
      © Robin Siktberg 2009
    • 20. Marjoram ( Origanum majorana )
      • Perennial
      • 8-12”
      • Well-drained soil
      • Full sun
      Photo courtesy of stock-xchng
    • 21. Oregano ( Origanum vulgare )
      • Greek oregano is most commonly used for culinary
      • Full sun
      • Well-drained soil
      © Robin Siktberg 2009
    • 22. Sage ( Salvia officinalis )
      • Perennial/Annual
      • 18-30”
      • Well-drained soil
      • Alkaline soil
      • Full sun
      © Robin Siktberg 2009
    • 23. Parsley ( Petroselinum crispum )
      • Annual or biennial
      • 8”
      • Well-drained , non-acidic soil
      • Full sun
      • Flat leaf variety better for culinary use
      • Slow to germinate
      • Use curly variety for edging/borders
      Photo courtesy of stock-xchng
    • 24. Thyme ( Thymus vulgaris )
      • Hardy perennial
      • 8-12”
      • Well-drained soil
      • Full sun
      • Borders/Edging
      • Many varieties:
        • Lemon
        • Creeping
        • Wooly
      © Robin Siktberg 2009
    • 25. Yarrow ( Achillea sp.)
      • Hardy perennial
      • 2-12”
      • Full sun
      • Well-drained soil
      • Borders
      • Rock gardens
      © Robin Siktberg 2009
    • 26. Containers
      • Scented geraniums ( Pelargonium sp.)
      • Rosemary ( Rosmarinus officinalis )
      • Mints ( Mentha sp.)
      • Bay ( Laurus nobilis)
      © Robin Siktberg 2009
    • 27. Pruning
      • Improves shape
      • Remove dead material
      • Use proper pruners
      • Cut back weak plants
      • Harvesting is a form of pruning
      Photo courtesy of Microsoft clipart
    • 28. Harvesting
      • Preserve shape
      • Harvest after the dew has dried
      • Take cuttings before the plant blooms
      • Collect in paper bag or basket
      Photo courtesy of Stock-xchng
    • 29. ENJOY! Photo courtesy of Stock-xchng