Module ii part 1

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Module ii part 1

  1. 1. 12/13/2010 MODULE II The Birth of Civilization in Asia TOPIC OUTLINE1. Antecedents to Civilization2. Agricultural Revolution3. Sedentarization4. Social Stratification5. Ancient Asian Civilizations  Mesopotamia  Harrapan  Shang6. Crises of Asian Civilizations during the 1st Millenium BC 1
  2. 2. 12/13/2010 1. Antecedents to Civilization  Concept of Civilization vis-avis Pre- history  Conditions prior to civilization: Political Economic Geography Social  Emergence of civilization CIVILIZATION and Pre-History• Civilization – culture, technology, written history, social organization• Pre-history – without written history, artifacts 2
  3. 3. 12/13/2010 PREHISTORY• Stone Age, Bronze Age, Iron Age• Time Line : 2.4 million years – 15,000 years ago Conditions Prior to Civilization• Political• Economic• Geographic• Social 3
  4. 4. 12/13/2010 Emergence of Civilizations • Geography • Movement and exchange (PGI) • Climate CIVILIZATION• Pristine vs. secondary• Agricultural revolution – Cultural innovation – Competitive feasting (B Hayden) – Oasis theory (VG Childe) – Environmental Change – Population Pressure• Sedentarization• Social Stratification 4
  5. 5. 12/13/2010 MESOPOTAMIAN CIVILIZATION• SABA (Sumerians, Akkadians, Babylonians, Assyrians) MESOPOTAMIA• Fertile Crescent 5
  6. 6. 12/13/2010 MESOPOTAMIA • WRITING & LANGUAGE MESOPOTAMIA• CITY-STATES – Uruk, Ur, Lagash, Eridu, Kish – Kings – Ziggurat of Ur 6
  7. 7. 12/13/2010MESOPOTAMIA 7
  8. 8. 12/13/2010 MESOPOTAMIA• Gilgamesh (Uruk)• King Sargon (Ur)• Abraham• King Hammurabi• King Nebuchadnezzar 8
  9. 9. 12/13/2010MESOPOTAMIA • WARFARE 9
  10. 10. 12/13/2010 MESOPOTAMIA• CODE OF HAMMURABI• Society of Strict Justice• Social Stratification 10
  11. 11. 12/13/2010MESOPOTAMIAN DAILY LIFE WOMEN and MESOPOTAMIAN SOCIETY 11
  12. 12. 12/13/2010MESOPOTAMIA INDUS VALLEYCIVILIZATION 12

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