Mesoamerican Civilizations II
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Mesoamerican Civilizations II

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Mesoamerican Civilizations II Mesoamerican Civilizations II Presentation Transcript

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  • The  Maya  Classic  Era  250  A.D.  to  900  A.D.    •  The  Maya  experimented  with  intensive  forms  of   agriculture,  dug  irrigaEon  canals  and  reclaimed  wetlands   by  construcEng  raised  fields.     4  
  • The  Mayan  Kingdom  •  During  the  late  classic  period,  Tikal,  a  kingdom   of  around  50,000  people,  was  the  largest   known  Mayan  center.  It  covered  about  14   square  miles  and  included  more  than  3,000   structures.       5  
  • Tikal,  Guatemal   6  
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  • Mayan  Ball  Player   11  
  • Maya  Numerical  System    •                 =    1   •  What  is  so  significant  of  ____        =    5   developing  the  concept  Shell        =    0   of  zero?  
  • Mayan  Numerical  System   13  
  • Mayan  Calendar    •  As  true  throughout  Mesoamerica,  two  calendars   tracked  the  ritual  cycle  (260  days  into  18  months   of  20  days)  and  a  solar  calendar  (365  days  divided   into  18  months  with  5  unfavorable  days  at  the   end  of  the  year)  •  The  Maya  believed  that  the  concurrence  of  these   two  calendars  every  fiy-­‐two  years  to  be   especially  ominous.  (giving  the  impression  that   something  bad  or  unpleasant  is  going  to  happen)         14  
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  • Mayan  Society     Mural  in  Bonampak,  Palenque     17  
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  • Tajin  650  A.D.  to  900  A.D.  
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  • Quetzalcoatl     26  
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  • •  The  impressive  religious  imagery  that  decorated  the   façades  of  the  main  public  structures  drama8cally   demarcated  the  differences  between  the  principle   architectural  components  of  temples.  (e.g.  Plaza  vs.   Plataforma  Superior).  In  this  sense  the  architecture   and  iconography  conglomerated  with  splendor,   condi8oning  and  valida8ng  the  public  ac8on  and  the   protagonist  of  the  ceremonies  who  occupied  the   space  within  the  structure.  (arriba-­‐abajo,  inferior-­‐ superior,  muchos-­‐pocos).  In  this  way  the  divine  power   enjoyed  by  the  governors  and  elite  was  jus8fied.                 28  
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  •        Zapotec  CivilizaEon  “Guiengola”   30  
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  • Contemporary  Zapotecan     Language  &  Culture   32  
  • Different  Languages    •  How  can  we  account  for  the  variety  of   Languages  in  America?  
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  • Other  CivilizaEons  Included:  •  The  Zapoteca  •  The  Mixteca  •  The  Tolteca  •  The  Tarasco   35