1. Part 1 – Stress in General Part 2 - Stress at Work Part 3 – Stress Management
2. Stress in General
3. HEALTH AND SAFETY IN EMPLOYMENT ACT 1992 (sect 6) Every employer shall take all practicable steps to ensure the safety of employees while at workHEALTH AND SAFETY IN EMPLOYMENT ACT 1992 (sect 7) Every employer shall ensure that there are in place effective methods for identifying existing hazards, and (if possible before they arise) new hazards to employees at work.
4. Stress is your bodys way of responding to any kind of demand. It can be caused by bothgood and bad experiences. When people feel stressed by something going on aroundthem, their bodies react by releasing chemicals into the blood. These chemicals givepeople more energy and strength, which can be a good thing if their stress is caused byphysical danger. But this can also be a bad thing, if their stress is in response tosomething emotional and there is no outlet for this extra energy and strength. This classwill discuss different causes of stress, how stress affects you, the difference betweengood or positive stress and bad or negative stress, and some common facts about howstress affects people today
5. Your body has a built-in response to handle stress. When something stressful happens, you may experience sweaty palms, dry mouth, or knots in your stomach. This is totally normal and means that your body is working exactly as it should. Other signs of stress include emotional signs (such as feeling sad or worried), behavioral signs (such as crying), and mental signs (such as not being able to concentrate or focus)
6. Negative stress is stress that a person feels they cannot handle. If they have been feeling this stress for a long time their body will wear out and they will not be able to function normally. This can lead to depression, anxiety, lower self esteem and other mental health issues.
7. Positive Stress is also called Eustress. This excitement is felt by people when they are confronted by a demanding situation, which they think they can handle. This fills them with thrill and excitement. Like runners on the track, taking a ride on the roller coaster, taking up a challenging project at workplace. Positive Stress gives you the energy to throw yourself into something where you want to make some contribution. Approaching exams enhance a students concentration and learning capability.
9. Your heart beats faster and your breathing may be more rapid and shallow. Conversely, you may notice that if you were to take a conscious deep breath, it almost feels like you were holding or limiting your breath. Letting it out is a relief. This is a great test to see if you are stressed right now and dont realize it. Muscles feel tense. The palms of your hands become sweaty. Some people crave carbohydrates which provide the body with fast energy. Others reach for alcohol or drugs. Some people feel irritable or get indigestion. You may feel light-headed, have a dry mouth or an unexplained bout of diarrhea or constipation. Perhaps you dont sleep that night because you are "hyped". You become more alert and focused on your problem or the task at hand. Some people become "addicted" to the adrenaline rush because it gives them a burst of energy and feels exhilarating. This physical symptom of stress feels good so you are tempted to keep up stressful behaviors. Dont be fooled. It ultimately leads to "burnout" and other negative long-term health effects.
10. Mental symptoms occurs in the mind of an individual either causing irregular behaviors Paranoia Unclear thinking Un sounding judgment Nightmares Indecisiveness negativity Rash decisions
11. Drugs Drinking, smoking or using other drugs more than usual can be indicative of trying to “forget” or numb the stress, worry or anxiety, but can also lead to physiological as well as psychological addictions. Sex Drive A recurrent failure to control the sexual behavior Continuation of the sexual behavior despite significant harmful consequences Impatience Fast Driving Hostility Smoking Self-harming Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
12. Emotional/Tearful is characterized by an underlying feelings that occasionally surface as crying, deep sadness, heightened sensitivity, feelings distressed, paranoid or “hurt” in the company of people, or through re-living or replaying thoughts or conversations repeatedly. Anger Aggression Panic Depression Anxiety
13. Stress is not the same as ill-health, but has been related to such illnesses as; -cancer -depression -chronic fatigue -obesity
14. The cost of stress is high. There are many things at a chance of loss when high stress jobs. This can effect both employer and employee. They can cost in such way as, Lives of those who are under high stress Loss of productivity Loss of happiness and contentment Higher chance of a break down Employee dissatisfaction
15. Stress at Work
16. Working long hours Shortage of salary Shortage of job make you do even things you don’t want to do Frustration Extra responsibilities
17. Stress Management
18. External Stresses Internal Stresses
19. Financial Problems Personal Relationships Health Irritants Workplace Stress
20. Death of spouse Marital Separation Being Fired from work Starting or ending school Minor violation of the law Outstanding personal achievement Addition of family member
21. Frustrations Conflicts Pressures
22. Use regular relaxation periods for work breaks. Eat sensibly. Avoid caffeine. Do not cope with stress by using alcohol or drugs. Get focused on new directions and regular planning. Protect yourself from negative co-workers and relationships.
23. Change your behaviour Change your thinking Change your life style
24. Stress is a basic part of our life. The way in which we deal with stress will make our lives pleasant and comfortable or leave us stressed and incapable of performing our obligations to the best of our abilities. Just have to deal with it.