New Public Spaces project
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  • 1. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial- Share Alike 3.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/ licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 171 Second Street, Suite 300, San Francisco, California, 94105, USA. This field guide was made possible by a grant from the Office of Research at Maryland Institute College of Art. Special thanks Jeannine Coreil, Roger Allen, Frances Barth, Tobey Albright, Colin Benjamin, Ariel Braverman, Nick Chandler, Laura Hudson, Brandon Laird, Beverly Langran, Megan Lavelle, Joyce Lee, Cyle Metzger and Anthony Venne. First edition, Spring 2010 Published on the occasion of Maryland Institute College of Art’s MFA Thesis Exhibition III, April 23 - May 2, 2010.
  • 2. 3
  • 3. Platzgeists The Urban Sublime, Sub/urban Ambiguity, Terrain Violence, Playscape Sites Voids Distribution Pit, Strip Mall Fortress, Suggested Swallet, Unseen Field Lost Spaces Berm, Anti-berm, Displaced Forest, Epic Embankment, Freeway Eddy, Situational Agriculture Paths Ambiguous Bleed, Desire Line, Destination Trail, Inflected Street, Watercourse, Wayward Path Pauses Median Refuge, Pastoral Island, Seclusion Acres, Seers Node, Triagle X-ing Vistas Compressionscape, Parallax of Transit, Soil Horizons, Voyeurshed, Zoomscape Components Vertical Leaning Enclosure, Pelvic Separation, Screen, Untelling Wall Horizontal Crosswalk, Crosswalk Dissolution, Pavement, Tactile Rupture Discrete Big Loose Parts, Gestural Garbage, Pile, Ragged Rubble, Shards of Site Symbolic Access Control, Empty Signifier, Gate, Anti-gate, Mystic Glyphs, Point, Threshold Periphery 4 An Introduction to New Public Sites 6 13 12 19 26 33 39 46 51 56 62 New Public Sites Organization 11 14 45
  • 4. Masses Bollards, Box of Uncertainty, Enlightened Elevation, Stoop Anti-masses Alluvial Fans, Anti-throne, Invisible Passage, Matrix Display, Sewage Sludge, Stairway to Nowhere, Tunnel Qualities Ethereal Aural Saturation, Directional Flow, Entry Entropy, Floating Zone, Fluid Dynamics, Mystified Veracity, Natural Surveillance, Shear Strength, Vertical Squeeze Psychic Corner Surprise, Extraterritorial Zoning, Monumental Isolation, Pause of Restraint, Plastical Revival, Prudential Segregation, Retail Ad/Venture, Shrouded Enigma, Territorial Reinforcement, Uncanny Surveillance, Visual Suspense Appendix Archetypes The City, The Country, Pedestrian, Motorist, Urban, Suburban, Seer Attributes Density, Massing, Nuisance, Scale, Vitality, Walkability, Zoning Effects Arterial Interference, Drooling, Melted, Oxidized, Scraped, Texural Infill, Twisted Positions Disorientation, Doctrine of Prior Appropriation, Gross Motor Play, Ideal Vantage, Infinite Freedom, Intervention, Special Use Appropriation, Radical Pedestrianism Concepts The Grid, Interplay, Invisible, Place, Public Space, New, Public, Sites 5 75 84 83 94 107 108 109 110 111 70 106 Index 112
  • 5. 6 Somewhere between a suburban strip mall and its urban surroundingsliesapoeticamalgamofspacebothepicanddiscrete. Situatedwithindisparatezonesofoverlap,contradiction,ambiguity and interstice, the ongoing New Public Sites project investigates the ways in which invisible sites and overlooked features exist within our everyday environment. Based on a critical approach to understanding public space, this project proposes alternatives for signifying and activating sites through urban analysis, mapping, installations, video, tours and this book. Through this process of city resignification, New Public Sites (NPS) invites a practice of “radicalpedestrianism”.Ifapedestrianissimplyapersontraveling by foot, a radical pedestrian is one who travels by foot through infinite sites of freedom, both concrete and dispersed. The radical pedestrian tests the limits of and redefines public space through drifting direct action and insightful discourse. Introduction
  • 6. 7 While there is no explicit set of conditions defining new public sites, they generally consist of everyday public spaces existing in one or more of three states: rendered mute by their physical and discursive emptiness, ambiguous due to contextual contradictions of urban design, and/or invisible from a lack of formal architectural framing and practical readability. A NPS analysisofthesepublicspacesrequiresarangeofrepresentational modes: 1) Free maps that locate and describe sites for interested participants. 2) On-location installations of tape, posters and plaques identify the sites and or draw attention to specific details. Introduction The NPS investigation is predicated by an expansive definition of public space. For this ongoing project, public space is any open area accessible to most people in a given community. In this case, accessibility describes the ability for individuals to physically enter and actively engage with their surroundings. Given that no public space is entirely accessible to all, this radical approach qualifies a space’s “publicness” by asking the degree to which anyone off the street is able and permitted to enter and engage. This perspective on public space disregards typical assumptions about private property, and opens the frame of research to a wide range of places and terrains. Public space can then encompass a variety of areas, including but not limited to: vacant properties, parking lots, streets, highways, squares, parks, campuses, shopping centers, waterfronts, transportation hubs, and civic buildings. Within these differing public spaces there exists a multitude of overlooked and under-signified places that can collectively be understood as “new public sites”.
  • 7. 8 with complete sincerity. In some instances the definitions for these lifted terms remain unchanged, while in others they are altered, recombined or entirely rewritten. Through invented and appropriated language, this reference book/manifesto challenges the authority of how public space is typically represented. While declarative and technical, these definitions also hew towards the poetic and absurd. The linguistically playful moments of this otherwise serious endeavor are derived from the latent beauty and humor within many of the spaces, features and experiences addressed. Within The Typology of New Public Sites, spaces and features are characterized by one or more “platzgeists”, and organized into three main categories. Capturing the psychic spirit or experiential essence of public space, the NPS platzgeists Introduction 3) Performative, guided walking tours invite group participation and enable direct feedback from individuals. 4) Video uploads and interactive digital maps decentralize the distribution of information by sharing the project with networked audiences. 5) Publications such as books and pamphlets provide supplementary information in support of project sites and operations. As an exemplary project publication, The Typology of New Public Sites serves as both conceptual framework for NPS maps, videos, and tours, as well as field guide for intrepid participants. The Typology of New Public Sites consists of sites, components and qualities indexed and described through terms and definitions both invented and appropriated. The typology not only represents a system of classification, but also a linguistic intervention. Drawing from the fields of architecture and urban planning, the appropriated terms and definitions are repurposed
  • 8. 9 include The Urban Sublime, Sub/urban Ambiguity, Terrain Violence and Playscape. In material and conceptual terms, the subject(s) of investigation fall into three categories: overlooked sites, their contributing components and the experiential qualities therein. Sites are classified as Voids, Lost Spaces, Paths, Pauses and Vistas. Components are described as Horizontal, Vertical, Discrete, Symbolic, Masses and Anti-masses. Qualities are split into Ethereal and Psychic. Supporting the three main categories and providing a theoretical foundation for the overall NPS project is an appendix consisting of archetypes, positions and concepts. Complementing the project maps, videos and tours, this book aims to expand interest in these invisible public spaces. As the number of people paying attention to new public sites grows, so to does the accessibility of places featured in the project. Introduction
  • 9. 10 Introduction 10 The NPS project intensifies the publicness of its given spaces while simultaneously cultivating new “publics” among interested participants. The mere act of identifying the sites and representing them through physical installations, dispersed media and promoted events raises awareness of the spaces while also making them more physically and digitally accessible. Drawing attention to the sites and inviting group participation creates opportunities for new and different publics to coalesce. Here, a public is defined as the people constituting a community of participants who produce accessible urban spaces through their physical behavior and discursive practices. Additionally, as participants responsively engage particular sites through media and in situ, they then also become contributing social producers of the given public space. Together, NPS and it’s rejoining participants increase the degree to which many invisible sites and overlooked urban features function as public space. Between the maps, videos, tours and this book, the New Public Sites project offers participants new ways to interpret and activate otherwise under-represented types of public space. Together, these various modes of representation not only describe the spaces but also resignify their possible meanings. These representations and actions make the invisible sites available to a wide range of participants through multiple points of access and interaction. Whether participating in situ, in a gallery or over the Internet, the radical pedestrian reifies new public sites while redefining the meaning public space.
  • 10. 1111
  • 11. 12 Platzgeist The Urban Sublime The awesome and overpowering quality of place that allows comprehension of spatial enormity beyond quotidian sense and sight. Sub/urban Ambiguity The enigmatic phenomenon of destabilized spatial identity created by suburban design and culture applied or injected into an urban context and visa versa. Terrain Violence 1) The sense of brutality imbued in urban spaces that have been subject to or become the result of car-oriented urban planning and or profit-driven development. 2) The illegal counter action of trespassing on public space legally considered private property. Playscape Inviting interplay between participants and their surroundings. The psychic spirit or experiential essence of a place.
  • 12. 13
  • 13. 14 Void - A framed, open space imbued with the psychic presence of a former mass and or the deadening siphon of unforgiving nothingness.
  • 14. 15 Distribution Pit A large open space that sits below street level consisting of variable overgrown terrain filled with disparate accumulations. Voids / Sites
  • 15. 1616 Strip Mall Fortress An array of shops neatly organized into a homogenous, horizontal mass and protected from the bi-pedal by an impressive moat of parking. Sites / Voids
  • 16. 1717 A subtle, yet discernable drop in elevation within a horizontal plane of public space. Suggested Swallet Voids / Sites
  • 17. 1818 Unseen Field An epic and seemingly unending void, surrounded by an impenetrable screen. Sites / Voids
  • 18. 1919 Lost Space - the liminal, leftover and socially unused spaces within the larger infrastructure of public space.
  • 19. 2020 Berm A linear mound or bank of earth, especially used as a barrier. Sites / Lost Spaces
  • 20. 2121 Anti-berm A linear strip of earth serving as path and platform, that frames and directs one towards an adjacent site. Lost Spaces / Sites
  • 21. 2222 Displaced Forest A manicured patch of trees standing in isolation. Sites / Lost Spaces
  • 22. 2323 Epic Embankment An impressive earthen ramp, supporting a structure of great importance. Lost Spaces / Sites
  • 23. 2424 Freeway Eddy An interstitial fragment of space between intersecting curves of highway pavement. Sites / Lost Spaces
  • 24. 2525 Situational Agriculture Edible growth within a moment of unused neighborhood space. Lost Spaces / Sites
  • 25. 262626 Path - an established route of access or travel.
  • 26. 2727 Ambiguous Bleed A smooth space of enigmatic pavement, blurring threshold between private and civic. Paths / Sites
  • 27. 2828 Desire Line A path developed by pedestrian footfall erosion, marking the shortest and most easily navigated route between origin and destination. Sites / Paths
  • 28. 2929 Destination Trail A desire line of scenic joy, routing destiny through quickened place. Paths / Sites
  • 29. 3030 Inflected Street A street accented by an angled, intra-block deviation in direction. Sites / Paths
  • 30. 3131 Watercourse A channel of bed and banks, through which water flows. Paths / Sites
  • 31. 3232 Wayward Path An errant, informally framed course, suggesting psychic continuation of a pre-existing path. Sites / Paths
  • 32. 33 Definition Pause - A site of seductive physical attributes or frightening contextual dangers isolating moments of temporal arrest.
  • 33. 3434 Median Refuge A liminal zone of linear respite between parallels of churning traffic. Sites / Pauses
  • 34. 3535 Pastoral Island A lush, landscaped sanctuary above a hard pavement sea, surrounded by curb or parapet. Pauses / Sites
  • 35. 3636 Seclusion Acres A void of privacy surrounded by gathered screens of green. Sites / Pauses
  • 36. 3737 Seers’ Node A spot of clarity that serves as focal point for various vistas, paths and or/activities. Pauses / Sites
  • 37. 3838 Triangle X-ing A three-sided concrete platform or asphalt zone providing solace for street-crossing pedestrians. Sites / Pauses
  • 38. 39 Vista - A wide and distant view compressing perception of the landscape from the perspective of a transcendent viewer. Viewshed-anythingwithinview fromaparticularvantagepoint.
  • 39. 4040 Compressionscape A vista forgrounded by far-reaching distance, leaving the middle and background viewsheds to appear as flattened layers in space. Sites / Vistas
  • 40. 4141 A compressionscape of traffic and transit, spanned by overlapping, muscular structures of freedom and expanse. Parallax of Transit Vistas / Sites
  • 41. 4242 Soil Horizon An intra-urban horizon created by a visually effacing climb in elevation. Sites / Vistas
  • 42. 4343 A viewshed focusing the seer’s attention on the personal activities of others. Voyeurshed Vistas / Sites
  • 43. 4444 Zoomscape Buildings and sites perceived at high speeds and/or across great distances through moments of situational framing or mediated reproduction. Sites / Vistas
  • 44. 45 Title
  • 45. 46 Vertical - of approximately perpendicular orientation to the plane of the horizon.
  • 46. 4747 Leaning Enclosure An impassable screen, shifting from wall to warble and back. Vertical / Components
  • 47. 4848 Pelvic Separation Horizontal structures rising to waist-height that restrain pedestrians from peripheral transgression. Components / Vertical
  • 48. 4949 Screen A semi-permeable condition visually separating two adjacent sites. Vertical / Components
  • 49. 5050 Untelling Wall A wall that reveals nothing of a building’s interior activity. Components / Vertical
  • 50. 51 Horizontal - parallel to or in the plane of the horizon.
  • 51. 5252 Crosswalk A marked path guiding pedestrians across a street. Components / Horizontal
  • 52. 5353 Crosswalk Dissolution When crosswalk conviction leads to uncertainty, parallel lines appear to rupture and wash thin. Horizontal / Components
  • 53. 5454 Pavement A hard, flat surface enabling horizontal drift. Components / Horizontal
  • 54. 5555 Tactile Rupture Horizontal / Components An amended patchwork of fractured surface.
  • 55. 56 Discrete - objects perceived as unique and unattached from their immediate physical surroundings.
  • 56. 5757 Big Loose Parts Moveable materials that invite playful reconfiguration. Discrete / Components
  • 57. 5858 Gestural Garbage Refuse animated by hand or weather. Components / Discrete
  • 58. 5959 Pile Broken or discarded material, freely stacked vertical. Discrete / Components
  • 59. 6060 Ragged Rubble Jagged-edged pieces of heavyweight material. Components / Discrete
  • 60. 6161 Shards of Site Shredded pavement souvenirs serving as mementos of place. Discrete / Components
  • 61. 62 Symbolic - visible form representing invisible truth.
  • 62. 6363 Access Control The use of marked paths, signage and architectural elements to guide pedestrian and vehicular access. Symbolic / Components
  • 63. 6464 Empty Signifier A post or pole absent its original sign and/or meaning. Components / Symbolic
  • 64. 6565 Gate A framed threshold of passage between two sites. Symbolic / Components
  • 65. 6666 Anti-gate An absurd framed threshold suggesting passage, proving impossible. Components / Symbolic
  • 66. 6767 Mystic Glyphs Hand-marked ideograms of undecipherable code. Symbolic / Components
  • 67. 6868 Point A particular location specified by a vertical or horizontal marking. Components / Symbolic
  • 68. 6969 Threshold Periphery A dramatic boundary between two juxtaposed sites. Symbolic / Components
  • 69. 70 Mass - an unmoving structure of human-scale or larger.
  • 70. 7171 Bollards Heavy elements of high visibility that protect pedestrian areas from motorist encroachment. Masses / Components
  • 71. 7272 Box of Uncertainty A box of harmonious form and demeanor, ever so quiety undone by subtleties of sound and/or entropy. Components / Masses
  • 72. 7373 Enlightened Elevation Supple terrain providing the ideal incline from which one may vista gaze from a wise viewing distance. Masses / Components
  • 73. 7474 Stoop A raised platform defining entry into place. Components / Masses
  • 74. 7575 Anti-mass - an ephemeral accumulation of granular material or an unmoving spatial volume suggested by its surroundings.
  • 75. 7676 Alluvial Fans Fan-shaped deposits of incline erosion. Components / Anti-masses
  • 76. 7777 Anti-throne A royal perch beneath rungs decending, into a negative space of majestic meditation. Anti-masses / Components
  • 77. 7878 Invisible Passage A hidden connection between sites unconcealed only to the seer. Components / Anti-masses
  • 78. 7979 Matrix Display A seductive network of dense activity. Anti-masses / Components
  • 79. 8080 Sewage Sludge Runoff debris, pulverized and accumulated, into a shifting sandbar of diverse filth. Components / Anti-masses
  • 80. 8181 Stairway to Nowhere A set of steps from one plane into a void. Anti-masses / Components
  • 81. 8282 Tunnel A tubular cavity penetrating mass. Components / Anti-masses
  • 82. 83
  • 83. 84 Ethereal - of or pertaining to the perceptually influential yet physically aeriform essences of public space.
  • 84. 85858585 Aural Saturation The overwhelming occupation of a surrounding soundscape by site-generated, droning noise. Ethereal / Qualities
  • 85. 8686 Directional Flow Site subject circulation displaying clarity in aim. Qualities / Ethereal
  • 86. 8787 Entry Entropy The withered remains of a bygone threshold. Ethereal / Qualities
  • 87. 8888 Floating Zone A forth dimensional space of spectacularized movement framed by the inter-site, linear spaces of transit. Qualities / Ethereal
  • 88. 8989 Fluid Dynamics Easily changing relationships of mercurial driving force. Ethereal / Qualities
  • 89. 9090 Mystified Veracity Vaporous truth obfuscating place. Qualities / Ethereal
  • 90. 9191 Natural Surveillance The use of lighting and architecturally reinforced sight lines to enhance casual supervision of public space. Ethereal / Qualities
  • 91. 9292 The capability of a massive formation to resist perpendicular force. Shear Strength Qualities / Ethereal
  • 92. 9393 Vertical Squeeze The parallel pressure and forward expulsion movement generated within a narrow, vertical space. Ethereal / Qualities
  • 93. 9494 Psychic - of or pertaining to the mental/spiritual nonphysical forces that shape the behavior and feelings of public space producers.
  • 94. 9595 Corner Surprise An unpredictable encounter predicated by angled degrees of visual obstruction. Psychic / Qualities
  • 95. 9696 Extraterritorial Zoning Nonexistent, but assumed behavioral limitations based on the perceived restrictions of an adjacent site. Qualities / Psychic
  • 96. 97 Monumental Isolation An anonymous mass conspicuously framed by a large pavement expanse. 97 Psychic / Qualities
  • 97. 9898 Pause of Restraint A moment of arrested movement, forced by the presence of physical danger. Qualities / Psychic
  • 98. 9999 Plastical Revival Synthetic, decorative elements designed to emulate an historical architectural epoch. Psychic / Qualities
  • 99. 100100 Prudential Segregation Internalized prejudice against playful pedestrian action. Qualities / Psychic
  • 100. 101101 Retail Ad/Venture The bombastic visual presence of commercial operations and/or advertising within public space. Psychic / Qualities
  • 101. 102102 Shrouded Enigma A textile-cloaked, occult object or feature. Qualities / Psychic
  • 102. 103103 Territorial Reinforcement The emphasis of private property perimeters through landscaping and architectural elements. Psychic / Qualities
  • 103. 104104 Uncanny Surveillance The spatially pervasive sensation of being watched by an unknown other. Qualities / Psychic
  • 104. 105105 Visual Suspense Optical sense of anticipation provoked by glimpses of an unknown future. Psychic / Qualities
  • 105. 106106
  • 106. 107 unchanging images of a primordial, mythic character that resides in the collective unconscious. 107 The City - An environment of contrasts and contradictions; crowded, noisy, and dirty; exciting, active, and vital - a dynamic world of richness and complexity. The Country - An environment of life, texture, and abundance - clean, healthful, and beneficent. Pedestrian - A person traveling on foot. Motorist - A person traveling by automobile. Urban - Of higher densities, mixed use and pedestrian freedom and accessibility. Suburban - Of homogenous, banal and dispersed quality, determined by segregated, singular use, and privileging the motorist above all else. Seer - Any viewer perceptively empowered with an exceptional strength of psychocular interpretation. Archetypes / Appendix
  • 107. 108 broad, descriptive indexes of public space. Density - The mean concentration of material elements within a cohesive, defined space. Massing - The volumetric relationships between built structures and their surroundings. Nuisance - A site perceived as unwanted or negatively affecting the surrounding area, due to its physical condition, effects or social use. Scale - The relative height and massing of elements in respect to people and nearby features. Vitality - The sense of liveliness embodied in a site. Walkability - The degree to which a public space is pedestrian-accessible. Zoning - The legal specifications applied to parcels of real estate property that limit and guide the way a site may be developed and/or used. Appendix / Attributes
  • 108. 109 observable results of actions upon elements within public space. Arterial Interference - A temporary impediment to a major traffic flow. Drooling - Liquid splattered or dripping residual streaks. Melted - Heat forced material alchemy causing momentary liquid disfiguration. Oxidized - Oxygen combination induced surface dehydrogenation resulting in a coating of oxide or rust. Scraped - To deprive of, or free from, an outer layer surface through strike or abrasion. Textural Infill - The bricolage created from one surface breach by another. Twisted - Coiled around or wound within. Effects / Appendix
  • 109. 110110 Intervention Interposition within or appropriation of an existing site situation by a pedestrian agent. Special Use Appropriation Direct action annexation, adaptation and/or liberation of sites or components for provisional play. Radical Pedestrianism The practice of traveling by foot through infinite sites of freedom while testing the limits of and redefining public space. Disorientation Mental confusion or impaired awareness due to a destabilized sense of direction, position, or relationship with one’s surroundings. Doctrine of Prior Appropriation Respect for the homeostasis of any outdoor living apparati and related ephemera that appear to be in active use by an absent occupant. Gross Motor Play A healthy approach to traversing space and enjoying all that is has to offer. Ideal Vantage A seer’s lookout offering physical protection, mental comfort and a timeless vista experience. Infinite Freedom The immeasurable greatness of our vested exemption from coercion by external authority. the core practices and/or ethical approaches of investigating and producing New Public Sites. Appendix / Positions
  • 110. 111 New - Drawing fresh attention to and provoking critical dialogue around public space through a process of provisional framing and contestable re-signification. Public - The people constituting a community of participants who produce accessible urban spaces through their pedestrian and discursive practices within everyday life. Sites - Public spaces rendered invisible by emptiness of matter and thought, contextual contradictions of urban design and/or lack of formal architectural framing and practical readability. 111 The Grid-The ideological, technological and design infrastructure that provides dependable, pervasive, and intelligible access to everyday life. Interplay - Recreation as a meaningful network of relationships between people, places, facilities, and institutions within an urban environment. Invisible - 1) Ultimate transparency. 2) Indiscernible through the hegemony of everyday sight. Place - The unique sense of spatial identity created by well defined and easily readable spaces of habitual use and/or special signficance. Public Space - Any open area relatively accessible to most people in a given community. incomplete predicates that can only achieve reference through the agency of a given subject. Concepts / Appendix
  • 111. 112 Absurd - 8, 66 Access Control - 63 Accessible - 7, 10, 108, 111 Action - 10, 12, 100, 109, 111 Activity/ies - 37, 43, 50, 79, 111 Alluvial Fans - 76 Ambiguity/ous - 6, 7, 9, 12 Ambiguous Bleed - 27 Anti-berm - 16, 21 Anti-gate - 66 Anti-mass/es - 9, 11, 75 Anti-throne - 77 Appendix - 9, 106 Archetypes - 107 Arterial Interference - 109 Attributes - 33, 108 Aural Saturation - 85 Authority - 8, 110 Awareness - 10, 110 Barrier - 20 Berm - 16, 20 Big Loose Parts - 57 Bollards - 71 Box of Uncertainty - 72 City - 90, 107 Civic - 7, 27 Components - 9, 11, 45, 110 Compressionscape - 40, 41 Contradiction/s - 6, 7, 107, 111 Corner Surprise - 95 Country - 107 Crosswalk - 52, 53 Crosswalk Dissolution - 53 Curb - 35 Density - 108 Desire Line - 28, 29 Destination Trail - 29 Direct Action - 6, 110 Directional Flow - 86 Discrete - 9, 11, 56 Discursive - 7, 10, 111 Disorientation - 110 Displaced Forest - 22 Distribution Pit - 15 Doctrine of Prior Appropriation - 110 Drift/ing - 6, 54 Drooling - 109 Earth - 20, 21, 23 Effects - 108 Elevation - 17, 42, 73 Emptiness - 7, 111 Empty Signifier - 64 Enlightened Elevation - 73 Entropy - 72, 87
  • 112. 113 Entry Entropy - 87 Ephemera/l - 75, 110 Epic - 6, 18, 23 Epic Embankment - 23 Erosion - 28, 76 Ethereal - 9, 11, 84 Extraterritorial Zoning - 96 Floating Zone - 88 Fluid Dynamics - 89 Frame/d/ing - 7, 14, 21, 32, 44, 65, 66, 88, 97, 111 Freedom - 6, 41, 107, 110 Freeway Eddy - 24 Gate - 65 Gestural Garbage - 58 Grid - 111 Gross Motor Play - 110 Horizon - 42, 46, 51 Horizontal - 9, 11, 16, 17, 48, 51, 54, 68 Ideal Vantage - 110 Infinite Freedom - 6, 110 Inflected Street - 30 Installation - 6, 7, 10 Interplay - 12, 111 Invisible - 6-10, 62, 78 111 Invisible Passage - 78 Isolation - 22, 97 Interstice/ial - 6, 24, 25 Intervention - 8, 110 Joy - 29, 110 Leaning Enclosure - 47 Liminal - 19, 34 Linguistic - 8 Lost Space/s - 9, 11, 19 Maps - 7-10 Mass/es - 9, 11, 14, 16, 70, 82, 97 Massing - 108 Matrix Display - 79 Median Refuge - 34 Melted - 109 Monumental Isolation - 97 Motorist - 71, 107 Movement - 88, 93, 98 Mystic Glyphs - 67 Mystified Veracity - 90 Natural Surveillance - 91 Network/ed - 8, 79, 111 New - 7, 111 New Public Sites - 6, 111 Nuisance - 108 Overlooked - 6-10 Oxidized - 109 Parallax of Transit - 41
  • 113. 114 Parking - 7, 16 Participant/ation - 7-10, 12, 111 Passage - 65, 66, 78 Pastoral Island - 35 Path/s - 9, 11, 21, 26, 28, 32, 37, 52, 63 Pause/s - 9, 11, 33, 98 Pause of Restraint - 98 Pavement - 24, 27, 35, 54, 61, 97 Pedestrian - 6, 10, 28, 38, 48, 52, 63, 71, 100, 107, 108, 110, 111 Pelvic Separation - 48 Performative - 8 Periphery/al - 48, 69 Pile/s - 59 Place - 7, 9, 12, 29, 61, 74, 90, 111 Plastical Revival - 99 Platform - 21, 38, 74 Platzgeists - 8, 12 Play/ful - 8, 12, 58, 100, 110, 111 Playscape - 9, 12 Point/s - 10, 37, 39 68 Poetic - 8 Pole - 64 Position/s - 110 Privacy - 36 Private Property - 7, 12, 27, 103 Produce/rs - 10, 94, 111 Prudential Segregation - 100 Psychic - 8, 9, 11, 12, 14, 32, 94 Public - 6-10, 111 Public Space - 6-10, 12, 17, 19, 84, 91, 94, 100, 108-111 Publication - 8 Publicness - 7,10 Qualities - 8, 9, 11, 83 Radical Pedestrian - 6, 10, 110 Ragged Rubble - 60 Ramp - 23 Readable/ility - 7, 111 Refuse - 58 Representation - 7, 10 Retail Ad/Venture - 101 Rupture - 53, 55 Scale - 70, 108 Scraped - 109 Screen/s - 16, 18, 36, 47, 49 Seclusion Acres - 36 Seer - 37, 43, 78, 107, 110 Seer’s Node - 37 Sewage Sludge - 80
  • 114. 115 Shards of Site - 61 Shear Strength - 92 Shrouded Enigma - 102 Sign/ifier - 6, 7, 10, 64, 111 Site/s - 6-11, 13, 61, 111 Situational Agriculture - 25 Soil Horizons - 42 Special Use Appropriation - 110 Stairway to Nowhere - 81 Stoop - 74 Strip Mall Fortress - 16 Sublime - 9, 12 Suburban - 9, 12, 107 Sub/urban Ambiguity - 6, 9, 12 Suggested Swallet - 17 Symbolic - 9, 11, 62 Tactile Rupture - 55 Terrain - 7, 9, 12, 15, 73 Terrain Violence - 9, 12 Territorial Reinforcement - 103 Textural Infill - 109 Threshold - 27, 65, 66, 69, 87 Threshold Periphery - 69 Traffic - 34, 41, 109 Transit - 41, 88 Triangle X-ing - 38 Trees - 22 Trespassing - 12 Tunnel - 82 Twisted - 109 Uncanny Surveillance - 104 Unseen Field - 18 Untelling Wall - 50 Urban - 6-9, 12, 42, 107, 111 Urban Sublime - 9, 12 Vacant - 7 Vertical - 9, 11, 46, 59, 68, 93 Vertical Squeeze - 93 Video - 6-10 Viewshed - 39, 43 Violence - 9, 12 Vista/s - 9, 11, 37, 39, 40, 73, 110 Visual Suspense - 105 Vitality - 108 Void/s - 9, 11, 14, 36, 81 Voyeurshed - 43 Walkability - 108 Water - 7, 31 Watercourse - 31 Wayward Path - 32 Zoomscape - 44 Zoning - 96, 108