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Who mh gap-newsletter
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Who mh gap-newsletter

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  • 1. mhGAP NewsletterMental Health Gap Action ProgrammeJanuary 2011 ENGLISH IN THIS ISSUE WHO simplifies the treatment of mental and neurological disorders » page 1 The Intervention Guide will help scale- up care for mental, neurological and substance use disorders » page 2 Partners commit to mhGAP at the WHO simplifies treatment of Forum meeting » page 3 mental and neurological disorders Worldwide praise for the Intervention Guide » page 4 WHO estimates that:On 7 October 2010, WHO » More than 150 million people worldwidelaunched the mhGAP Intervention suffer from depression.Guide to help identify and » Some 125 million people are affected by alcohol-use disorders.manage a number of priority » More than 40 million people suffer from epi-mental health conditions lepsy and 24 million from Alzheimer’s disease. » Mental, neurological, and substance use disorders account for 14 % of the global UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-MoonIn 2008, WHO developed the mental healthGap Action Programme (mhGAP) calling for an burden of disease worldwide. In his address on the Worldurgent scaling up of services for mental, neuro-logical, and substance use disorders, especially Since its launch in 2008, the mhGAP Programme Mental Health Day 2010, the UNin the developing world. The Programme has gathered momentum and support. WHO Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon,focuses on the gap between what is needed to has launched numerous initiatives worldwide to described mhGAP as “the globaltreat priority mental health disorders and what close the gap and integrate mental health care response to the high demand foris actually available worldwide. The statistics on into local community services. Future issues these (mental) health services”.mental health underline the challenges and the will highlight some of these success stories in He urged countries to “embracescale of the burden. countries such as Ethiopia, Jordan and Nigeria. and fulfill the objectives of this programme”. He underlined, “We must break down the barri- ers that continue to exclude those with mental or psychologi- cal disabilities. There is no place in our world for discrimination against those with mental illness. There can be no health without mental health”.www.who.int/mental_health/mhgap/en/ 1
  • 2. mhGAP NewsletterMental Health Gap Action Programme The Intervention Guide will help scale-up care formental, neurological and substance use disordersThe mhGAP Intervention Guide (mhGAP-IG) Guide emphasizes the importance of psycho-is a simple tool to help detect, diagnose social interventions in managing these Dr Shekhar Saxena, Director ofand manage the most common mental, conditions. It also provides advice on medi- the Department of Mental Healthneurological, and substance use disorders cines, when to use them or not, and covers and Substance Abuse at WHOand is aimed at helping a range of people interventions in a basic approach with easy explained how the mhGAP Inter-from doctors and nurses to assistants in any to follow flowcharts. vention Guide will help differentresource settings. More than 150 experts, international orga- countries by leading to “nurses inThe mhGAP-IG includes evidence-based nizations and associations contributed to Ethiopia recognizing people suf-recommendations to manage priority this 100 page clinical guide, which provides fering with depression in their dayconditions including depression, epilepsy, practical advice. In collaboration with its to day work … similarly doctorspsychosis, bipolar disorders, developmental partners, WHO will provide technical in Jordan and medical assistantsand behavioural disorders in children and support to countries to implement the in Nigeria will be able to treatadolescents, dementia, alcohol use disor- guidelines and has already initiated theders, drug use disorders and self-harm/ Programme for scaling-up care in several children with epilepsy”.suicide and other significant emotional or countries. The Guide is being translated intomedically unexplained complaints. The all WHO official and many other languages.» Download the mhGAP Intervention Guide mhGAP Intervention Guide Master Chart Sample flowcharts of the new mhGAP Intervention Guidewww.who.int/mental_health/mhgap/en/ 2
  • 3. mhGAP NewsletterMental Health Gap Action Programme “There is a need to get more financial resources ... the need to educate the populace ... to ensure the availability of effective treatment ... the challenge of adequate mental health training ...” One of the biggest challenges in the near future will be to find the resources for implementation and research capacity building. Italian ambassador, H.E. Ms Laura Partners commit to mhGAP Mirachian, stated that “mental health deserves moreat the Forum meeting attention and more financial resources than the 1% of the7 October 2010 “Ethiopia will be integrating budget received so far”.The second meeting of the mhGap Forumwas held at WHO Headquarters in Geneva mental health care in a A number of other important factors inand attended by 22 Member States, 11 number of pilot districts in assuring the Programme’s ongoing successambassadors, WHO Collaborating Centres the coming years. If success- were highlighted at the Forum such as theand other international organizations. participation of patients and their families,It provided an opportunity for WHO and ful, the Programme will be the NGO’s strong engagement and develop-its partners to celebrate the mhGAP Inter- scaled-up to cover a maximum ing a training programme. The Forumvention Guide’s launch and give strategic recommended:guidance to the WHO on raising the priority area of the country”given to mental health. » The need for countries to develop said the Ethiopian Chargé d’affaires a.i., policies involving relevant governmentThe participants applauded the mhGAP Mr M. Petros Tetemke. departments as well as civil society.Programme for its guidance, emphasis on » Providing mental health care in thehuman rights and efforts to scale-up services. In her address, the Nigerian Chargé context of health system strengthening d’affaires, Mrs Cecilia O Yahaya, underlined with a focus on primary health care.The Forum participants emphasized the a number of pressing needs:need to expand the Programme. » Mobilizing resources for technical support.www.who.int/mental_health/mhgap/en/ 3
  • 4. mhGAP NewsletterMental Health Gap Action Programme Worldwide praise for the Intervention GuideThe Intervention Guide’s launch generated The Intervention Guide was acclaimed as a The Brazilian ambassador, H.E. Mrs Mariapositive interest and praise from interna- significant breakthrough for the field of men- Nazareth Farani Azevêdo, described thetional journals, newspapers and many others. tal health. It was widely praised as a practical, guide asThe Economist welcomed the arrival of the evidence-based and affordable guide.Guide in a world where “an important tool to im- “The WHO mhGAP Interven- prove links between com-“more than three-quarters of tion Guide will open door munities and the health people with brain disorders the door to more opportuni- system by facilitating a in the developing world are ties for the management of preliminary diagnosis ...” not being treated”. disorders that contribute toAn editorial in the world’s leading general suffering among individuals Allen Foster, President CBM, an organiza- tion helping people with disabilities obtainmedical journal, The Lancet, commended and their families worldwide”WHO’s care and services described the Guide as said Thomas Insel, Director, National Institute“renewed attention to of Mental Health, USA. “an excellent, practical man- mental health”. ual for non-specialist health K. Sujatha Rao, Secretary, Health & Family Welfare, Government of India, applauded providers ... at the primaryThe Lancet editorial acknowledged theimportance of such a Guide the development of the Intervention Guide and secondary levels of by WHO and said health care, in government“in view of the scarcity of “the Guide will help us as well as non-government psychiatrists in poor countries“ extend care to all persons led systems”. and underlined its inclusion of psychosocial with mental illness ... in the therapy as first-line treatment. country”.Visit: www.who.int/mental_health/mhgap/en/Email: mhgap-info@who.intDepartment of Mental Health and Substance Abuse (MSD)World Health Organization© World Health Organization 2011 4

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