Japanese Political Structure & Framework

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(c) Janine Joy Mandap

(c) Janine Joy Mandap

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  • 1. political institution
  • 2. Government - Constitutional monarchy (Japan Government Profile 2013, 2013)
  • 3. Emperor: • Imperial Head • Ceremonial figurehead • Symbolism Duties: • Receiving • Awarding • Appointing (The Government of Modern Japan: The Branches and Their Functions, 2009)
  • 4. Emperor Akihiko
  • 5. The Executive Branch
  • 6. Cabinet • Prime Minister • Members of the Cabinet
  • 7. Prime Minister • Head of Government Functions: • Head • Presides • Appoint and Dismiss • Control and guide (Governmental Structure, n. d.)
  • 8. Shinzo Abe
  • 9. Cabinet Members • Diet member • Appointed
  • 10. Cabinet Powers • Implementing • Engaging • Signing • Overseeing
  • 11. • Formulating and submitting • Enacting • Deciding Also: Naming the Chief Justice of the SC and appointing other Judges. (The Statistical Handbook of Japan 2012, n. d. )
  • 12. The Legislative Branch
  • 13. Kokkai or Diet • Bicameral • Highest branch of state power • “sole law-making organ of the state” Responsibility: • Enact legislation
  • 14. Powers: • Initiating • Settling • Approving • Selecting 3 Categories of Diet Sessions: • Ordinary • Extraordinary • Special (Governmental Structure, n. d.)
  • 15. Chambers: • House of Councillors • House of Representatives
  • 16. Sangi-in or House of Councillors • The Upper House • 242 seats • 6-year term • Cannot be dissolved • Can reject bills
  • 17. Shugi-in or House of the Representative • Lower house • More powerful • 480 seats • Four year term • Can be dissolved (Governmental Structure, n. d.) (Politics in Japan: The Political System, n. d.)
  • 18. The Judiciary Branch
  • 19. Supreme Court • Highest court • Chief Justice • 14 other judges Duties: -to determine the constitutionality of laws and all its decision is final.
  • 20. Court System: - 3- trial System Four Types of Lower-level Court: • High courts (8) • District Courts (50) • Family Courts (50) • Summary Courts (438) (Governmental Structure, n. d.) (The Government of Modern Japan: The Branches and Their Functions, 2009)
  • 21. Reference: Governmental structure. (n.d.). Japan Fact Sheet. Retrieved July 30, 2013 from http://web- japan.org/factsheet/en/pdf/e08_governmental.pdf Japan government profile 2013. (2013). Retrieved August 12 from http://www.indexmundi.com/japan/government_profile.html Politics in Japan: the political system. (n. d.) Retrieved July 30, 2013 from http://hhh.gavilan.edu/mturetzky/Pols3/Lecture6TheJapanese PoliticalSystem.htm The Government of Modern Japan: The Branches and Their Functions. (2009). Asia for Educators. Retrieved July 30, 2013 from http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/special/japan_1950_govt.htm The Statistical Handbook of Japan 2012 (n. d.). Retrieved August 2, 2013 from http://www.stat.go.jp/english/data/handbook/index.htm