Challenges and Political Philosophy of Japan

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(c) Ralph Ryan Yparraguirre

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Challenges and Political Philosophy of Japan

  1. 1. Reporter: Ralph Ryan Yparraguirre
  2. 2. Post Occupation  Strong Division between the two parties  Liberal Democrats  Progressives/Revisionists
  3. 3. Liberal Democrats  Came into power since 1955  Conservatives  progressive  Free-Trade/Market Competition  Ideology is vague  Depends on the politicians viewpoints
  4. 4. Progressives/Revisionists  The opposition party  Pre-war Marxists  Complete Break with the past  Suspicious on the conservatives (LDP)  Socialism
  5. 5. 1957-1960 Prime Minister Kishi - member of the Tojo wartime cabinet - Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) total opposition of the left - “zettai hantai”
  6. 6. Present issues  Low Population Growth  By 2012, Japan’s Growth rate is 0.08 (CIA World Factbook)  Earthquake of 2011  Tsunami, nuclear meltdowns, etc.  Forced a temporary grand coalition
  7. 7.  Political Crisis  By january of 2012, Japan had seven Prime Ministers  Agriculture  Suicide  30,000 suicides annually for 11 years in a row  Cause of death to young people ( 20- 49 ).  5 times more than road accidents
  8. 8. Political Philosophy  Shintoism  No known date or founder  Polytheistic animism  Shrines  Ritual rather than belief  Most important elements  Love and Reverence  Respect for tradition and family  Physical cleanliness  Matsuri ( festivals )
  9. 9.  Influenced By:  Confucianism (5th century A.D.)  Centralization of power  Buddhism (552 A.D.)  Kami as Deva’s  Buddhist statues were placed on Shinto Shrines
  10. 10. Reference  http://www.philosophybasics.com/general_eastern_ja panese.html  http://www.japantimes.co.jp/opinion/2009/09/20/co mmentary/now-suicide-has-become-a-political-issue- how-will-japan-address-it/#.UgkFgaKQb5E  http://www.religionfacts.com/shinto/index.htm  http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/shinto/atagla nce/glance.shtml

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