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Katalog dan Pengatalog: tantangan kini dan masa depan

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  • 1. Katalog & Pengatalog:tantangan kini dan masa depan
  • 2. Nama: Hendro WicaksonoPendidikan: S1 Jurusan IlmuPerpustakaan FS-UI (92-97)Pengalaman kerja: Kemenpera, BEJ,CIFOR, British Council, KarimBusiness Consulting, KPK.Lead developer SLiMS twitter.com/hendrowicaksono facebook.com/hendrowicaksono hendrowicaksono@yahoo.com
  • 3. What is a library? Apa itu perpustakaan?
  • 4. Jadi Perpustakaan adalah:Sebuah lingkungan pembelajaranDimana orang yang datang terinspirasi untuk belajarDan terdorong untuk berbagi pengetahuan
  • 5. Apa itu katalog?
  • 6. Representasi sumberdaya(Metadata)
  • 7. BooksJournalsNewspapersGov docsMapsScoresAVDissertations Library catalogsSpecialcollectionsManuscriptsPapersUniv records ArchivesJournal articlesConference proceedingsEtc. Abstracting & Indexing services
  • 8. Katalog Pengatalog
  • 9. Tantangan
  • 10. Teknologi sudah berkembang jauh
  • 11. Koleksi berkembang pesat
  • 12. Perilaku para pencari informasi juga berubah
  • 13. Elinor Ostrom, 2009 Nobel Prize, EconomicsBorn: Los AngelesFields: Political theory, policy analysis, economics-- How does the library help her create new knowledge?-- What are her information seeking/sharing behaviors and preferences?-- In what ways does the library serve her colleagues and her graduate and post-doctoral students? Elinor Ostrom at 2009 Nobel prize press conference Attribution: © Prolineserver 2010, Wikipedia/Wikimedia Commons (cc-by-sa-3.0)
  • 14. Tech-savvyNimbleEnthusiasticAchievement-oriented“We’re special”
  • 15. Metadata terus berkembang
  • 16. Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata MPEG-7 Ecological Metadata Language (EML)
  • 17. Many types of information objects (things, places, people, more)Metadata production – manual and automatedProcess redesignData miningMetadata design, development, consultingMetadata reuse/conversion/exchange; ‘mash-ups’
  • 18. Where do you typically begin your searchfor information on a particular topic? Search Engines Library Portals 89% 2%From OCLC: Perceptions of Libraries and Information Resources (2005)
  • 19. Geocentric/Aristotelian view:The localcatalog is thesunHeliocentric/Copernican view:The local catalogis a planet
  • 20. Digital Libraries The Internet Local library systems Online cooperative catalogingOhio College Library Center (OCLC) MARC Record
  • 21. Early 21st Century Technical Services Landscape Bibliographic Desktop (TS Data The Web Control & Workstation) Management Metadata New sources/types Network, hardware Relational Data Authoring of records and software Management administration New workflows Transitions to new SQL: queries and Publishing library systems reports (Windows, Web clients) New metadata Macros; impt. of More data Web site standards ergonomics manipulation, less organization and data entry management E-resources and Growing number of Global change Digital library digital collections applications management systems Source: Calhoun, Karen. Technology, productivity, and change in library technical services. Library Collections, Acquisitions, and Technical Services Volume 27, Issue 3, Autumn 2003, Pages 281-289
  • 22. “[T]he stuff of cultural heritage collections, digital assets, pre-printservices and the open Web, research labs, and learning managementsystems remains for the most part outside the scope of the catalog.Scholarly information objects now include digitized rare andhistorical materials, textual primary source materials, graphical images,materials described in institutional and disciplinary repositories,conference Web sites, scholarly Web sites … data sets, software,simulations, a rising array of multimedia resources, learning objectsand courses—the list goes on.”Calhoun, Karen. The changing nature of the catalog and its integrationwith other discovery tools. Washington, DC: Library of Congress, 2006.http://www.loc.gov/catdir/calhoun-report-final.pdf
  • 23. “The availability of primary sources hasbeen crucial for the success of myteaching in history. Students have “The function of searching acrossremarked what a difference it has made, collections is a dream frequentlyand I have noticed a big difference discussed but seldom realized at abetween this course with the availabilityof online primary resources to those I robust level. This paper …have taught before that were based on discusses how we might moveprinted resources.” –History instructor, from isolated digital collections toUniversity of California interoperable digital libraries.” —Howard Besser “Digital libraries, far from being simple digital versions of library holdings, are now attracting a new type of public, bringing about new, unique and original ways for reading and understanding texts.”—BibUsages Study, BnF, 2002
  • 24. • Faculty and students do more work and study away from campus Do you use electronic sources all of the time, most of the time, some of the time, or none of the• Loyal to the library, but library is time? only one element in complex 60% information structure 50% 40% Percent• Print still important, but almost Faculty/Graduate 30% Undergrad half of undergraduates say they 20% 10% rely exclusively or almost 0% exclusively on electronic All of the Some of the None of the time/most of time time materials the time Responses• Seamless linking from one information object to another is http://www.clir.org/PUBS/reports/pub110/contents.html expected• Fast forward to 2010: these trends many times stronger!
  • 25. Metadata Before and After the Web:What is a “Full” Record? Product description & purchase information More like this Editorial reviews & author Bibliographic data info Library Holdings Inside the book Details Tags, Ratings Subjects Customer reviews Editions Lists Reviews More + 3 more screensWith thanks to David Lankes:http://quartz.syr.edu/rdlankes/Presentations/2007/ALCTS.pdf
  • 26. B.W. (Before the Web) A.W. (After the Web) • For finding and managing • For finding and managing many library materials (mostly print) types of materials, for many user • Catalog records (well- communities understood rules and • Many types of records encoding conventions) • Loosely coupled metadata • Shared cooperative management, reuse and exchange cataloging systems services among multiple • Usually handcrafted, one at a repositories time • Automated creation and metadata extract, conversion, mapping, ingest and transfer services
  • 27. By Angela Ben de Cosanostra http://flickr.com/photos/amcclen/281983490/
  • 28. Apa yang bisa KITAlakukan bersama
  • 29. Terbuka pada hal-hal baru:pemakai/pemustaka, teknologi,cara kerja, budaya, dll
  • 30. Membangun jaringan dankolaborasi dengan institusi /repositori lain.
  • 31. Mulai melakukan implementasiTeknologi Informasi sedikit demisedikit
  • 32. Menggunakan/mengembangkanaplikasi yang ramah dengan isupertukaran data / interoperabilitas
  • 33. Integrasi prosedur dan aplikasiperpustakaan dengan sistem lain:sistem pembelajaran/e-learning, sistemakademis, web services, dll.
  • 34. Renovasi perpustakaan.
  • 35. Membangun SDM perpustakaanyang skill TI nya mumpuni untukoperasional perpustakaan.
  • 36. Tingkatkan skill dan wawasanpengatalogan.
  • 37. Efisiensi danefektivitas kerjapengatalogan diperpustakaan
  • 38. Kreatif dan berani mengambilkeputusan.
  • 39. Kerjasama, bukan hanya sama-samakerja.
  • 40. Affordability and Expense of cataloging Rapid growth of Web resources andScalability digital assets Need more than descriptive metadata Interoperability issuesCompetition for Shrinking tech services departmentsResources to Develop Streamlining tech servicesNew Library Services workflows Increasing use of external sources of data; automated cataloging methodsSignificance of the Catalog is one part of a much larger infosphereCatalog Many new types of scholarly information objects not covered by catalog
  • 41. Help build new kinds of systems forIncreasing investment discovery and delivery; many newin discovery systems kinds of metadata; emphasis on re- use, interconnections, interoperabilityActive participation in Project and team-based workplaces; involvement in digitalthe community asset management; metadata creation and consulting work; decreasing involvement in traditional cataloguing dutiesTechnology-driven Need for “IT fluency,” esp. metadata specialists; increasingresearch, teaching and involvement in digital library research, development, andlearning production projects Tables 1 and 2 adapted from: Calhoun, Karen. 2007. "Being a librarian: metadata and metadata specialists in the twenty-first century". Library Hi Tech. 25 (2): 174-187. Preprint available: http://hdl.handle.net/1813/2231
  • 42. • Achieving efficiencies; freeing up expertise for other priorities• Achieving quality results• Making collections more visible and usable• Optimizing the usefulness of the metadata we already have• Realizing the dream of interoperable digital libraries
  • 43. 1. Look at the whole process as one process (e.g., selection to ordering to receipt to cataloging to shelf-ready)2. Maximize acquisitions/cataloging collaboration3. Capture bibliographic data as far upstream as possible (at point of selection/ordering if you can)4. To the greatest extent possible, handle items and records only once5. Perform work where it makes the most sense; and maximize use of students/volunteers6. Wholly manual processes do not scale; integrate automated and manual operations
  • 44. Must begin with user’s needs and end withuser’s perceptionsWhat does ‘quality’ mean? • Fast cycle time for new materials • Providing for easy, convenient use of library collections • Being creative, responsive and flexible • Optimizing the library’s investment in personnel, materials, equipment, etc. • Balancing trade-offs
  • 45. “Rather than enhancing MARC and MARC-based systems, let’s give priority to interoperability with other encoding schemas and systems. We need to meet the demands that have arisen from the rest of the information universe. “http://www.oclc.org/research/publications/library/2010/2010-06.pdf
  • 46. Data Flickr Commons s y nc hWorldCat &WorldCat Partners… Other partners
  • 47. State Library of Queenslandhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/statelibraryqueensland/3197460723/
  • 48. Find in a library
  • 49. ser s in: ulling u ao ut, p data met adat ng m et a ush ing ut l inkiP l abo It ’s al
  • 50. Outward Integration, Exposure, Machine to Machine Data Services Portal Products, GLOBAL GroupData Aggregation &Flows, Search, Resource SharingSynchronization,Web services, LocalMetadata Authentication, GROUPManagement Collection Building, Delivery Services
  • 51. Optimizing the metadata we already have: anexample (James Thurber’s Identity)
  • 52. VIAF (Virtual International Authority File):Facilitating research across languages
  • 53. WorldCat knowledge base management Librarian Librarian Librarian 1 2 3 WorldCat knowledge base Admin WorldCat knowledge base data Knowledge base API Federated Link ERM A to Z list Search Resolver User 1 User 2 User 3
  • 54. Worldwide Open Access Repositories Source: 1,719 repositories worldwide Of the top 50: US – 16 Germany – 8 France – 7 Switzerland – 4 UK – 3 Netherlands – 2 Australia – 2(Source: Cybermetrics Lab)
  • 55. • Aggregation (union catalog) of harvested open access collections• OAI-OMH• 25 million records, 1100 contributing institutions• Began at University of Michigan; now managed by OCLC• Going to self-service contribution model (Digital Collections Gateway)
  • 56. Self-service tool for uploading to WorldCatFreely available to members and non-members of OCLCMakes digital content more visibleCompatible with all OAI-compliant repositoriesMore information:http://www.oclc.org/gateway/about/default.htm
  • 57. Library metadata has reached a point ofdiscontinuous changeWe must change how we think about itand what we do Photo by: OMG Ventures http://www.flickr.com/photos/imagebuilders/2877401212/
  • 58. 1. Cooperate (don’t go it alone)2. Use a blend of metadata techniques to: • Create many paths to your collections (print, licensed, digital) Synchronize Syndicate • Call attention to a wide array of collections on behalf of your communities (not just your own holdings)3. Think of traditional library metadata as one of many possible approaches
  • 59. 1. Extend WorldCat’s relevance for multilingual cataloging, discovery, and delivery2. Help libraries collaborate to reduce costs and reach more citizens, students, and scholars3. Help libraries expose their collections where the users are—on the Web, using the global information infrastructure
  • 60. The OCLC cooperative: 2008 69,826 libraries in 112 countries 1,355 5,639 55,284 4,253Cataloging 1,080eBooksReference 882Digitization & Preservation 1,015Resource SharingCollection Analysis 320
  • 61. 90.6m Books 3.8m Sound recordings 4.6m Serials 2.4m Scores 3.6m Visual materials .8m Computer files 1.6m Maps .9m Archival collections 108 million records 1.3 billion holdings
  • 62. Contoh ucs dan nayanes
  • 63. Give added value services