Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
kepemimpinan dan efektifitas kekuasaan
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

kepemimpinan dan efektifitas kekuasaan

806

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
806
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
17
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. PERILAKU ORGANISASIBy Hendie Cahya Maladewa KEPEMIMPINAN: EFEKTIVITAS & KEKUASAAN
  • 2. DEFINISI PEMIMPIN &KEPEMIMPINAN A Leader is an individual who influences others to act toward a particular goal or end-state (Judith R. Gordon) Leadership is the ability to influence a group toward the achievement of goals (Stephen P.Robbins) Managerial Leadership is a process of directing and influencing the task- related activities of group (Ralph M. Stogdill)
  • 3. BEBERAPA STUDI AWAL TENTANG KEPEMIMPINAN IOWA LEADERSHIP STUDIES (1937) Tujuan : melihat pengaruh Gaya Kepemimpinan terhadap kepuasan, frustrasi dan agresi. OHIO STATE LEADERSHIP STUDIES (1945) : Melihat dimensi kepemimpinan. EARLY MICHIGAN STUDIES ON LEADERSHIP STYLES (1947) : melihat gaya kepemimpinan dan produktivitas.
  • 4. PERKEMBANGAN STUDIKEPEMIMPINAN 1. The Great Man Theory 2. Trait Theory 3. Group & Exchange Theory 4. Situational Theory 5. Path- Goal Theory
  • 5. THE GREAT MAN THEORY Menurut teori ini orang bisa berhasil menjadi pemimpin yang baik, karena memang dilahirkan demikian. Sebab kemunculan The Great man theory: 1. Anggapan / keyakinan sebagian masyarakat. 2. Sebagai konsekwensi dari anggapan studi awal tentang kepribadian yang diyakini sifatnya bawaan.
  • 6. TRAIT THEORY(KEITH DAVIS) 4 CIRI UTAMA PEMIMPIN YANG BERHASIL1. INTELEGENSIA2. KEMATANGAN SOSIAL3. INNER MOTIVATION4. HUMAN RELATION ATTITUDE
  • 7. CIRI-CIRI PEMIMPIN SUKSES(STOGDILL; 1974) Adaptable to situations Alert to social environment Ambitious and achievement oriented Assertive / tegas Cooperative Decisive / tegas - meyakinkan Dependable / dpt dipercaya
  • 8. CIRI-CIRI PEMIMPIN SUKSES(Lanjutan) Dominant (desire to influence others) Energetic (high activity level) Persistent / gigih/ tekun Self-Confident Tolerant of Stress Willing to assume responsibility
  • 9. SKILLS PEMIMPIN SUKSES(STOGDILL; 1974) Clever Conceptually skilled Creative Diplomatic and tactful Fluent in speaking Knowledgeable about group task Organized (administrative ability) Persuasive Socially Skilled
  • 10. GROUP & EXCHANGE THEORY Hubungan antara pemimpin dan pengikut pada dasarnya bersifat “exchange” pertimbangan untung/rugi. Komitmen akan muncul dari pengikut jika pemimpin memberikan exchange positif (rewards). Pemimpin harus lebih banyak memberikan rewards daripada beban (cost).
  • 11. SITUATIONAL THEORY(FIEDLER) Efektivitas pemimpin tergantung pada situasi. Situasi kepemimpinan : 1. Favorable 2. Unfavorable Dalam situasi yang sangat favorable dan sangat unfavorable yang efektif adalah gaya “task directed”. Dalam situasi yang moderate Favorable dan moderate unfavorable yang efektif adalah gaya “human relations”.
  • 12. PATH-GOAL LEADERSHIPTHEORY (ROBERT HOUSE) Menjelaskan dampak gaya kepemimpinan terhadap motivasi, kinerja dan kepuasan. Gaya kepemimpinan : Directive, Supportive, Participative, Achievement Oriented. Seorang pemimpin dapat saja menunjukkan tipe kepemimpinan yang berbeda dalam situasi yang berbeda.
  • 13. EFEKTIVITAS KEPEMIMPINAN1. KEPRIBADIAN2. PENGALAMAN3. HARAPAN PEMIMPIN4. HARAPAN DAN PERILAKU ATASAN5. KEBUTUHAN TUGAS6. HARAPAN DAN PERILAKU REKAN7. KARAKTERISTIK, HARAPAN & PERILAKU BAWAHAN8. IKLIM DAN KEBIJAKAN ORGANISASI
  • 14. POWER & INFLUENCE DALAMKEPEMIMPINAN Influence is merely the effect of one party (the “agent”) on another (the “target”). Power refers to an agent’s capacity to influence a target person. Hubungan : 1. Pengaruh muncul karena ada power 2. Kekuatan Pengaruh tergantung besarnya Power / Kekuasaan yang dimiliki.
  • 15. KETERLIBATAN POWER DALAMORGANIASI REORGANIZATIONS PERSONAL CHANGES BUDGET ALLOCATIONS PURCHACE OF MAJOR ITEMS ESTABLISHING PERFORMANCE STANDARDS RULES AND PROCEDURES
  • 16. SUMBER POWER DALAMORGANISASI POSITION POWER PERSONAL POWER POLITICAL POWER
  • 17. POSITION POWER Formal Authority : Legitimate Power Control Over Resources and Rewards : Reward Power Control Over Punishment : Coercive Power Control Over Information Control Over The Physical Work Environment.
  • 18. PERSONAL POWER Expertise : Expert Power Friendship / Loyalty : Referent Power Charisma Reputation Performance
  • 19. OUTCOME PENGGUNAANPOWER COMMITMENT :- Internally agree - Enthusiastic - Great Effort COMPLIANCE : - Willing to do - Apathetic - Minimal Effort RESISTANCE
  • 20. BENTUK-BENTUK RESISTANCE Make excuses about why the request cannot be carried out. Try to persuade the agent to withdraw the request. Ask higher authorities to overrule the agent’s request. Delay acting in the hope that the agent will forget about the request. Make a pretense of complying but try to sabotage the task Refuse to carry out the request.
  • 21. POWER & OUTCOMES Power Komit Patuh Nolak Referent Likely Possible Possible Expert Likely Possible Possible Legitimate Possible Likely Possible Reward Possible Likely Possible Coercive Very Possible Likely Unlikely
  • 22. PROCES POLITIK UNTUKMEMBANGUN POWER CONTROL OVER DECISION PROCESS COALITIONS CO-OPTATION (By. Gary A. Yukl)
  • 23. STRATEGI & TAKTIKMEMBANGUN POWER BEING IN THE RIGHT UNIT ENERGY AND PHYSICAL STAMINA FOCUS SENSITIVITY TO OTHERS BEING EARLY & MOVING FIRST “THE WAITING GAME” CHANGING THE STRUCTURE PHYSICAL SETTING
  • 24. TAKTIT MEMBANGUNPENGARUH RATIONAL PERSUASION EXCHANGE TACTICS LEGITIMATE REQUEST PRESSURE TACTICS PERSONAL APPEALS
  • 25. SAAT POWER HILANG DARISEORANG PEMIMPIN TIME CHANGE- PEOPLE DON’T EASY COME, EASY GO BAD REPUTATION AND PERFORMANCE.

×