12th World Conference Transport Research<br />Lisbon 11-15 July 2010<br />THE LAND USE AND TRANSPORT RELATIONSHIP IN PERIP...
Outline<br />Land use transport periphery<br />studyareas<br />
Objectives<br />How does the presence of a highway impact population and activities in peripheral areas?<br />Objectives<b...
Questions<br />How does a highway influence the accessibility pattern?<br />How do these changes affect the land use  patt...
Methodology<br />Methodology<br />Accessibility<br />Residence-to-Work flows<br />Road Maps<br />Masterplan Transport, OSM...
Peripherallocation<br />Near / farawayenoughfromeachother<br />What<br />study<br />areas?<br />Trunkvs.highwaycrossroad<b...
Doncaster Metropolitan Borough (DMB) <br />& <br />Lincoln Policy Area (LPA)<br /><ul><li>EU Objectives 0 or 1
Over 50 km. away from each other
They are crossroads and have a sub-regional role in the regional urban system
DMB: M18 to A1(M) and M180 motorway junctions
LPA: 5-trunk-road intersection (A46; A15; A158; A57 and A607)</li></ul>Study areas: DMB & LPA<br />
DONCASTER METROPOLITAN BOROUGH<br />Sub-regional centre<br />56,000 Ha. <br />286,866 persons<br />12 market and coalfield...
Results<br />Results<br />
Mackenzie’s index of centrality<br />Increment of accessibility in DMB<br />Difference in minutes in Shimbel test value wi...
CLC 2000<br />
Multiple Linkage Analysis<br />Relative dispersion ∆’(G) test: ∆’(DMB) = 3.813; LPA (∆’(LAP) = 2.448<br />
Diagnosis<br />Diagnosis<br />
Proposals<br />What can be done to improve land use and transport efficiency?<br />One of the main targets to achieve is t...
Reducing daily mobility - I<br />Enhancing co-operation<br />Improving public transport<br />Improving public transport<br...
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The Land Use and Transport Relationship in Peripheral Areas: Policy Integration Based on Case Studies

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This presentation summarizes the paper presented at the 12th World Conference on Transport Research held in July 2010 in Lisbon.

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The Land Use and Transport Relationship in Peripheral Areas: Policy Integration Based on Case Studies

  1. 1. 12th World Conference Transport Research<br />Lisbon 11-15 July 2010<br />THE LAND USE AND TRANSPORT RELATIONSHIP IN PERIPHERAL AREAS: Policy integration based on case study areas<br />Henar Salas-Olmedo<br />Soledad Nogués<br />UNIVERSITY OF CANTABRIA<br />GEURBAN - Research Group for Urban and Spatial Planning<br />Cover<br />
  2. 2. Outline<br />Land use transport periphery<br />studyareas<br />
  3. 3. Objectives<br />How does the presence of a highway impact population and activities in peripheral areas?<br />Objectives<br />Highways are claimed as a must-be by local agents in peripheral areas<br />BUT<br />They do not provide further development on its own, instead they induce <br />changes in the spatial pattern<br />
  4. 4. Questions<br />How does a highway influence the accessibility pattern?<br />How do these changes affect the land use pattern?<br />What is the resulting commuting pattern?<br />
  5. 5. Methodology<br />Methodology<br />Accessibility<br />Residence-to-Work flows<br />Road Maps<br />Masterplan Transport, OSM50 and UK Borders. © Crown Copyright/ database right 2007. An Ordnance Survey/EDINA supplied service.<br />Origin – Destination Matrix<br />National Statistics. Origin Destination Statistics. Wards. Census 2001. © Crown Copyright.<br />Graph theory<br />Köning and Shimbel tests<br />(modified to measure time/distance, results relative to the area)<br />Mackenzie centrality index, Multiple Linkage Analysis <br />Complementary data: Corine Land Cover and population data both at the ward and settlement scale<br />Complementary tools: tests designed to measure the centrality of the urban system and the degree of sprawl with some residence or job-based tests<br />
  6. 6. Peripherallocation<br />Near / farawayenoughfromeachother<br />What<br />study<br />areas?<br />Trunkvs.highwaycrossroad<br />Criteria to select the study areas<br />Network mapping and core-periphery (credits: Ross Dawson). http://km4meu.wordpress.com.<br />
  7. 7. Doncaster Metropolitan Borough (DMB) <br />& <br />Lincoln Policy Area (LPA)<br /><ul><li>EU Objectives 0 or 1
  8. 8. Over 50 km. away from each other
  9. 9. They are crossroads and have a sub-regional role in the regional urban system
  10. 10. DMB: M18 to A1(M) and M180 motorway junctions
  11. 11. LPA: 5-trunk-road intersection (A46; A15; A158; A57 and A607)</li></ul>Study areas: DMB & LPA<br />
  12. 12. DONCASTER METROPOLITAN BOROUGH<br />Sub-regional centre<br />56,000 Ha. <br />286,866 persons<br />12 market and coalfield towns, and about 50 small villages<br />LINCOLN POLICY AREA<br />Principal Urban Area<br />72,000 Ha. <br />164,443 persons<br />Settlements performing dormitory or local services functions<br />DMB & LPA – roads, settlements & wards<br />
  13. 13. Results<br />Results<br />
  14. 14. Mackenzie’s index of centrality<br />Increment of accessibility in DMB<br />Difference in minutes in Shimbel test value with and without motorway<br />
  15. 15. CLC 2000<br />
  16. 16. Multiple Linkage Analysis<br />Relative dispersion ∆’(G) test: ∆’(DMB) = 3.813; LPA (∆’(LAP) = 2.448<br />
  17. 17. Diagnosis<br />Diagnosis<br />
  18. 18. Proposals<br />What can be done to improve land use and transport efficiency?<br />One of the main targets to achieve is to bring households and workplaces individually closer<br />Co-location<br />(Hickman & Banister, 2004)<br />Reducing daily mobility<br />Proposals<br />
  19. 19. Reducing daily mobility - I<br />Enhancing co-operation<br />Improving public transport<br />Improving public transport<br />Reducing the need to travel<br />Complementary measures: advice, live information, competitive fares to faithful users…<br />High quality public transport system<br />Increment the cost of the use of the car, where socially acceptable<br />
  20. 20. Reducing daily mobility - II<br />Enhancing co-operation<br />Reducing the need to travel<br />Improving public transport<br />Reducing the need to travel<br />Relationships between settlements<br />Urban design<br />Co-location<br />Plot size of human scale<br />Street design for cyclers and pedestrians<br />Building design: sensible densities and land use mixture<br />Tax reduction for those working and living at a walking/cycling distance<br />Public support to rent or buy a home near their workplace<br />Fares reduction in PT <br />Promotion of local firms to a wider area<br />Trade shows and workshops<br />Fitting PT & Activities timetables<br />Delivery services<br />
  21. 21. Reducing daily mobility - III<br />Enhancing co-operation<br />Enhancing co-operation<br />Improving public transport<br />Reducing the need to travel<br />Finding and explaining win-to-win relationships<br />Horizontal and vertical co-operation between and within public administration and the society<br />Long term planning policies<br />
  22. 22. Further research<br />Disaggregated data<br />Local particularities<br />Causality<br />Long term analysis<br />HOW to implement measures in small and medium size towns in peripheral areas?<br />Further research<br />
  23. 23. Thank you<br />The end<br />Henar Salas-Olmedo and Soledad Nogués<br />Dpt. Geography, Urban and Spatial Planning<br />School of Civil Engineering<br />UNIVERSITY OF CANTABRIA - SPAIN<br />www.grupospdi.unican.es/geurban geurban@unican.es<br />

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